Vertical Climate Zones Climate in Latin America is more affected by elevation than by distance from the equator.
Important Vocabulary Vertical Climate Zones: Tierra Caliente-”hot land”; lowest zone. Goes from sea level to 3000 feet. Tierra Templada- “temperate land”; mid zone. Stretches from 3000 to 6500 feet. Tierra Fria- “cold land”; highest zone. Reaches from 6500 to 10000 feet.