Amazon Rain Forest Canopy-continuous high layer of leaves covering the rain forest
Mato Grosso Plateau South American highlands in the central part of the continent.
Orinoco Lowlands, the Llanos Llanos- grasslands in Colombia & Venezuela
Cattle Ranching on the Pampas Guachos- Cowhands that work in Argentina Pampas- Grasslands of Argentina & Uruguay
Deserts Atacama Desert
One of the driest places in the world.
Others Falkland Islands Cape Horn Panama Canal
The Falkland Islands or Islas Malvinas
The Panama Canal
Going Through the Panama Canal
The Tropical Hemisphere
Different Climate Zones
Vertical Climate Zones Climate in Latin America is more affected by elevation than by distance from the equator.
Important Vocabulary Vertical Climate Zones: Tierra Caliente-”hot land”; lowest zone. Goes from sea level to 3000 feet. Tierra Templada- “temperate land”; mid zone. Stretches from 3000 to 6500 feet. Tierra Fria- “cold land”; highest zone. Reaches from 6500 to feet.
Amazon Rain Forest
On the Ground Floor of the Rain Forest
Three-Tiered Vegetation Sunlight does not reach the forest floor. Farming is almost impossible. This is why rain forests are cut down.
Harvesting Sugar Cane
Minerals of the Amazon Region Diamonds Amethyst Quartz Bauxite
Oil Drilling in the Gulf of Mexico
LatinAmerica’sPopulationDistribution Most population is clustered near the coast because much of the interior lands highlands or tropical rain forest.
Sao Paolo, Brazil
Overcrowding in Sao Paolo, Brazil
Squatter Settlements in Major Latin American Cities