Presentation on theme: "Sources of Authority in Islam Essential Question: What are the Sources of Authority in Islam? WHY: to understand what governs the beliefs and actions of."— Presentation transcript:
Sources of Authority in Islam Essential Question: What are the Sources of Authority in Islam? WHY: to understand what governs the beliefs and actions of Muslims in daily life HOW:1. Sources of Authority PPT and Notes 2. Connections? 3. Empire of Faith: Contributions of Islam 4. Reading: The Arab Table TURN IN: HW: Finish Cornell Notes on The Arab Table reading
Sources of Authority in Islam Qur’an – Sacred text (God’s words) Hadith – Sayings of the Prophet Sunna – Behaviors of the Prophet
al-qur’an (Koran) Means “a recitation” Most recited book in the world Divided into 114 chapters (Surahs) Proclaimed in Arabic The words of the Qur’an came to Muhammad over the course of 23 years Large portions memorized in childhood so it regulates the interpretation and evaluation of every event for a Muslim. “It is not about the truth: it is the truth.” Rather than placing meaning on events, it is a record of Allah’s direct pronouncements.
Surah 1 – Al-Fatiha (The Opening of the Qur’an) In The name of God, the Compassionate, The Merciful All praise is for God, the Lord of all domains of existence, The Compassionate, the Merciful, Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we serve, and Thee alone do we ask for help. Show us the straight path, The path of those whom Thou hast blest – (Of those) who have never incurred Thy displeasure, and have not gone astray. Discussion Questions 1. What does this chapter say about the nature of God? (How does it describe God?) 2. What does it say about the relationship between God and people?
Hadith: Sayings of the Prophet Examples: “Whoever suppresseth his anger, when he hath in his power to show it, God will give him a great reward.” “The exercise of religious duties will not atone for the fault of an abusive tongue.” “Trust in God, but tether your camel” “The acquisition of knowledge is a duty incumbent on every Muslim, male and female.” “The ink of the scholar is more holy than the blood of the martyr.”
Sunna: Examples of the Prophet Examples: Dress: wear clean, neat clothing – not brightly colored. The specific method of prayer. Don’t eat garlic (or other pungent food) when you know you’ll be in a closed space – mosque for example. Look people in the eyes when you talk to them. Cover for people’s flaws