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Brazil’s Amazon River Basin Ch. 3.  Basin = area drained by river & tributaries  Covers more than 50% of Brazil  Moist Trade Winds = 80” of rain/year.

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Presentation on theme: "Brazil’s Amazon River Basin Ch. 3.  Basin = area drained by river & tributaries  Covers more than 50% of Brazil  Moist Trade Winds = 80” of rain/year."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brazil’s Amazon River Basin Ch. 3

2  Basin = area drained by river & tributaries  Covers more than 50% of Brazil  Moist Trade Winds = 80” of rain/year  Rain + constant 80º temp = Constant Growing Season

3 Home to Thousands of Species of Plants & Animals (from many of which valuable products are made) Chewing gum Varnish Printing ink Latex (used to make rubber) Petroleum (used to make gasoline) Coffee Camphor (insect repellent) Tangerine Coconut Lime Banana Pepper Avocado Chili Pepper Ginger Nutmeg Orchids Bamboo Rattan Jute (rope, burlap) Curare (muscle relaxant) Diosgenin (birth control, asthma, arthritis) Ouabain (heart medication) Quinine (malaria, pneumonia) Emetine (bronchitis)

4 Also home to Amazon Indigenous People:  1% of Brazilians (200,000)  180 different tribes  Disappearing due to: government regulations, environment, diseases from outside visitors, movement to reservations

5 1960: Brazilian gov’t built roads to interior for easier access to valuable hardwoods and farmland  Slash/burn crops only grow well for a few years  Valuable medical resources lost forever

6 Reasons for Destruction  Farming and Ranching  Oil drilling, iron ore & gold mining  Logging  Hydroelectric  Urbanization – growth of cities


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