The Project Started in 1996 collecting strategies from: –discussions with people leading change worldwide –leaders of change throughout history –change theories
Patterns Successful strategies documented as patterns –Patterns capture recurring problems and successful solutions –Each pattern has a name –A collection of patterns (for leading change) provides a vocabulary or language (for leaders of change)
The Book Fearless Change: Patterns for Introducing New Ideas (Addison Wesley Publishing Co., 2005) 48 patterns chapters on change and the use of the patterns experience reports target user is “powerless leader” emphasis is emergent change The goal of Fearless Change: People become so involved and interested in the change process that they want to change.
Some Misconceptions that get change leaders into trouble If I have a good idea that adds value, it will be easy to convince others to accept it. All I need is a lot of knowledge about the new idea and an effective plan. I can convince people with my charm and a nice PowerPoint presentation. Run away from the skeptics. I can lead this change initiative alone. Once I convince people, they will stay convinced. And why do I need this information?… I am in a position to impose the change.
Myth #1: I need a specific plan for leading the change. However…. … Change happens one individual at a time. … Change is not an event. It is a process. … Can you predict how individuals will react during this process? … How does a “powerless leader” begin the process of change?
Keep a Package of Patterns With You Take on a role Evangelist Create short-term goals: build on your successes and learn from your failures Test the Waters Step by Step Time for Reflection Small Successes
Get Started Learn about the new idea Study Group Just Do It Gain visibility Hometown Story Do Food Token In Your Space
Myth #2: If I just explain the value in the new idea, people will understand and accept it. However…. … Are people reasonable and logical decision- makers? … Behavior change happens mostly by speaking to a person's feelings. (J.P. Kotter, The Heart of Change) … Relate to what’s going on in the other person’s head, not in yours. (R.N. Bolles, What Color is Your Parachute?)
Different people accept new ideas at different rates Do you know these people? New stuff is cool! –Innovators Interesting idea, but I want to hear more. –Early Adopters What do other people think? –Early Majority If I have to… –Late Majority We’ve always done it this way… –Laggards
Tailor your message Personal Touch Innovator Early Adopter Early Majority Whisper in the General’s Ear
Myth #3: I can lead this change alone. (After all, reaching out is a sign of weakness.) However…. … You don’t have an unlimited supply of time and energy. … The change could become all about you. … What separates those who achieve from those who do not is in direct proportion to one’s ability to ask for help. (D. Keough, former president of Coca-Cola)
Get Connected Ask for Help Innovators Early Adopters Bridge Builder Connectors Guru on Your Side Group Identity Just Say Thanks
Myth #4: Cynics and Skeptics are negative people so I should avoid them. However…. … Will they be happy if you avoid them? … Should we spend our limited time trying to convince them? … Can they teach us something we don’t know?
Respect the Resistance and make use of it Fear Less Champion Skeptic Corridor Politics Trial Run Whisper in the General’s Ear Bridge Builder
Summary Patterns document recurring, successful strategies The Fearless Change book contains 48 patterns from successful leaders of change The book is written for all “powerless leaders” who have a good idea and want to introduce changes into their organizations