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McGraw-Hill/Irwin ©2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved E-BUSINESS Opening Case Amazon.com – Not Your Average Bookstore CHAPTER 3.

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Presentation on theme: "McGraw-Hill/Irwin ©2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved E-BUSINESS Opening Case Amazon.com – Not Your Average Bookstore CHAPTER 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 McGraw-Hill/Irwin ©2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved E-BUSINESS Opening Case Amazon.com – Not Your Average Bookstore CHAPTER 3

2 3-2 Chapter Three Overview SECTION BUSINESS AND THE INTERNET –Disruptive Technology –Evolution of the Internet –Accessing Internet Information –Providing Internet Information SECTION E-BUSINESS –E-Business Basics –E-Business Models –Organizational Strategies for E-Business –Measuring E-Business Success –E-Business Benefits and Challenges –New Trends in E-Business: E-Government and M-Commerce

3 McGraw-Hill/Irwin ©2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved BUSINESS AND THE INTERNET SECTION 3.1

4 3-4 LEARNING OUTCOMES 1.Compare disruptive and sustaining technologies 2.Explain how the Internet caused disruption among businesses 3.Define the relationship between the Internet and the World Wide Web

5 3-5 LEARNING OUTCOMES 4.Describe the different methods an organization can use to access information 5.Compare the three different types of service providers

6 3-6 DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY How can a company like Polaroid go bankrupt? Digital Darwinism – implies that organizations which cannot adapt to the new demands placed on them for surviving in the information age are doomed to extinction

7 3-7 Disruptive versus Sustaining Technology What do steamboats, transistor radios, and Intel’s 8088 processor all have in common? –Disruptive technology – a new way of doing things that initially does not meet the needs of existing customers –Sustaining technology – produces an improved product customers are eager to buy

8 3-8 Disruptive versus Sustaining Technology

9 3-9 Disruptive versus Sustaining Technology Innovator’s Dilemma - discusses how established companies can take advantage of disruptive technologies without hindering existing relationships with customers, partners, and stakeholders

10 3-10 Disruptive versus Sustaining Technology

11 3-11 The Internet – Business Disruption One of the biggest forces changing business is the Internet Organizations must be able to transform as markets, economic environments, and technologies change Focusing on the unexpected allows an organization to capitalize on the opportunity for new business growth from a disruptive technology

12 3-12 The Internet – Business Disruption Estimates predict more than 3 billion Internet users by 2010

13 3-13 The Internet – Business Disruption The Internet has had an impact on almost every industry including: –Travel –Entertainment –Electronics –Financial services –Retail –Automobiles –Education and training

14 3-14 EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNET The Internet began as an emergency military communications system operated by the Department of Defense Gradually the Internet moved from a military pipeline to a communication tool for scientists to businesses –Internet – computer networks that pass information from one to another using common computer protocols –Protocol – standards that specify the format of data as well as the rules to be followed during transmission

15 3-15 Evolution of the World Wide Web World Wide Web (WWW) – a global hypertext system that uses the Internet as its transport mechanism Hypertext transport protocol (HTTP) – the Internet standard that supports the exchange of information on the WWW

16 3-16 Evolution of the World Wide Web

17 3-17 Evolution of the World Wide Web The Internet’s impact on information –Easy to compile –Increased richness –Increased reach –Improved content

18 3-18 Evolution of the World Wide Web File formats offered over the WWW

19 3-19 Evolution of the World Wide Web The Internet makes it possible to perform business in ways not previously imaginable It can also cause a digital divide –Digital divide – when those with access to technology have great advantages over those without access to technology

20 3-20 ACCESSING INTERNET INFORMATION Four tools for accessing Internet information 1.Intranet – internalized portion of the Internet, protected from outside access, for employees 2.Extranet – an intranet that is available to strategic allies 3.Portal – Web site that offers a broad array of resources and services 4.Kiosk – publicly accessible computer system that allows interactive information browsing

21 3-21 PROVIDING INTERNET INFORMATION Three common forms of service providers 1.Internet service provider (ISP) –provides individuals and other companies access to the Internet 2.Online service provider (OSP) – offers an extensive array of unique Web services 3.Application service provider (ASP) – offers access over the Internet to systems and related services that would otherwise have to be located in organizational computers

22 3-22 PROVIDING INTERNET INFORMATION Common ISP services include: –Web hosting –Hard-disk storage space –Availability –Support

23 3-23 PROVIDING INTERNET INFORMATION Wireless Internet service provider (WISP)

24 3-24 PROVIDING INTERNET INFORMATION ISPs, OSPs, and ASPs use service level agreements (SLA) which define the specific responsibilities of the service provider and set the customer expectations Review Figure 3.10 for a listing of the top ISPs, OSPs, and ASPs

25 3-25 OPENING CASE QUESTIONS Amazon 1.How has Amazon used technology to revamp the bookselling industry? 2.Is Amazon using disruptive or sustaining technology to run its business? 3.How is Amazon using intranets and extranets to run its business? 4.How could Amazon use kiosks to improve its business?

26 McGraw-Hill/Irwin ©2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved E-BUSINESS SECTION 3.2

27 3-27 LEARNING OUTCOMES 6.Compare the four types of e-business models 7.Describe how an organization’s marketing, sales, accounting, and customer service departments can use e-business to increase revenues or reduce costs 8.Explain why an organization would use metrics to determine a Web site’s success

28 3-28 LEARNING OUTCOMES 9.Describe e-business along with its benefits and challenges 10.Define m-commerce and explain how an e-government could use it to increase its efficiency and effectiveness

29 3-29 E-BUSINESS BASICS How do e-commerce and e-business differ? –E-commerce – the buying and selling of goods and services over the Internet –E-business – the conducting of business on the Internet including, not only buying and selling, but also serving customers and collaborating with business partners

30 3-30 E-BUSINESS BASICS Industries Using E-Business

31 3-31 E-BUSINESS MODELS E-business model – an approach to conducting electronic business on the Internet

32 3-32 E-BUSINESS MODELS

33 3-33 E-BUSINESS MODELS

34 3-34 Business-to-Business (B2B) Electronic marketplace (e- marketplace) – interactive business communities providing a central market where multiple buyers and sellers can engage in e-business activities

35 3-35 Business-to-Consumer (B2C) Common B2C e-business models include: –e-shop – a version of a retail store where customers can shop any time without leaving their home –e-mall – consists of a number of e-shops; it serves as a gateway through which a visitor can access other e-shops Business types include: –Brick-and-mortar business –Pure-play business –Click-and-mortar business

36 3-36 Consumer-to-Business (C2B) Priceline.com is an example of a C2B e- business model The demand for C2B e-business will increase over the next few years due to customer’s desire for greater convenience and lower prices

37 3-37 Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C) Online auctions –Electronic auction (e-auction) - Sellers and buyers solicit consecutive bids from each other and prices are determined dynamically –Forward auction - Sellers use as a selling channel to many buyers and the highest bid wins –Reverse auction - Buyers use to purchase a product or service, selecting the seller with the lowest bid

38 3-38 Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C) C2C Communities –Communities of interest - People interact with each other on specific topics, such as golfing and stamp collecting –Communities of relations - People come together to share certain life experiences, such as cancer patients, senior citizens, and car enthusiasts –Communities of fantasy - People participate in imaginary environments, such as fantasy football teams and playing one-on-one with Michael Jordan

39 3-39 ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGIES FOR E-BUSINESS Primary business areas taking advantage of e-business include: –Marketing/sales –Financial services –Procurement –Customer service –Intermediaries

40 3-40 Marketing/Sales Generating revenue on the Internet –Online ad (banner ad) - box running across a Web page that contains advertisements –Pop-up ad - a small Web page containing an advertisement –Associate program (affiliate program) - businesses generate commissions or royalties –Viral marketing - a technique that induces Web sites or users to pass on a marketing message –Mass customization - gives customers the opportunity to tailor products or services

41 3-41 Marketing/Sales Generating revenue on the Internet (cont.) –Personalization - occurs when a Web site can fashion offers that are more likely to appeal to that person –Blog - Web site in which items are posted on a regular basis and displayed in reverse chronological order –Real simple syndications (RSS) - a Web feed format used for Web syndication of content –Podcasting - the distribution of audio or video files, such as radio programs or music videos, over the Internet to play on mobile devices

42 3-42 Marketing/Sales Generating revenue on the Internet (cont.) –Search engine optimization (SEO) - a set of methods aimed at improving the ranking of a Web site in search engine listings –Spamdexing - uses a variety of deceptive techniques in an attempt to manipulate search engine rankings, whereas legitimate SEO focuses on building better sites and using honest methods of promotion

43 3-43 Financial Services Online consumer payments include: –Financial cybermediary –Electronic check –Electronic bill presentment and payment (EBPP) –Digital wallet

44 3-44 Financial Services Online business payments include: –Electronic data interchange (EDI) Value-added network (VAN) –Financial EDI (financial electronic data interchange)

45 3-45 Financial Services Electronic trading network

46 3-46 Procurement Maintenance, repair, and operations (MRO) materials (also called indirect materials) – materials necessary for running an organization but do not relate to the company’s primary business activities –E-procurement - the B2B purchase and sale of supplies and services over the Internet –Electronic catalog - presents customers with information about goods and services offered for sale, bid, or auction on the Internet

47 3-47 Customer Service Customer service is the business process where the most human contact occurs between a buyer and a seller e-business strategists are finding that customer service via the Web is one of the most challenging and potentially lucrative areas of e- business The primary issue facing customer service departments using e-business is consumer protection

48 3-48 Consumer Protection

49 3-49 Consumer Protection E-business security –Encryption –Secure socket layer (SSL) –Secure electronic transaction (SET)

50 3-50 Intermediaries Intermediaries – agents, software, or businesses that bring buyers and sellers together that provide a trading infrastructure to enhance e-business Reintermediation – using the Internet to reassemble buyers, sellers, and other partners in a traditional supply chain in new ways

51 3-51 MEASURING E-BUSINESS SUCCESS Most companies measure the traffic on a Web site as the primary determinant of the Web site’s success However, a large amount of Web site traffic does not necessarily equate to large sales Many organizations with high Web site traffic have low sales volumes

52 3-52 MEASURING E-BUSINESS SUCCESS Web site traffic analysis can include: –Cookie –Click-through –Banner ad –Interactivity

53 3-53 Web Site Metrics Clickstream data tracks the exact pattern of a consumer’s navigation through a Web site Clickstream data can reveal: –Number of pageviews –Pattern of Web sites visited –Length of stay on a Web site –Date and time visited –Number of customers with shopping carts –Number of abandoned shopping carts

54 3-54 Web Site Metrics Web site metrics include: –Visitor metrics –Exposure metrics –Visit metrics –Hit metrics

55 3-55 E-BUSINESS BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES E-business benefits include: –Highly accessible –Increased customer loyalty –Improved information content –Increased convenience –Increased global reach –Decreased cost

56 3-56 E-BUSINESS BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES E-business challenges include: –Protecting consumers –Leveraging existing systems –Increasing liability –Providing security –Adhering to taxation rules

57 3-57 E-BUSINESS BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES There are numerous advantages and limitations in e-business revenue models including: –Transaction fees –License fees –Subscription fees –Value-added fees –Advertising fees

58 3-58 NEW TRENDS IN E-BUSINESS: E-GOVERNMENT AND M-COMMERCE E-government - involves the use of strategies and technologies to transform government(s) by improving the delivery of services and enhancing the quality of interaction between the citizen-consumer within all branches of government

59 3-59 NEW TRENDS IN E-BUSINESS: E-GOVERNMENT AND M-COMMERCE

60 3-60 NEW TRENDS IN E-BUSINESS: E-GOVERNMENT AND M-COMMERCE Mobile commerce - the ability to purchase goods and services through a wireless Internet- enabled device

61 3-61 OPENING CASE QUESTIONS Amazon 5.What is Amazon’s e-business model? 6.How can Amazon use m-commerce to influence its business? 7.Which metrics could Amazon use to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of Amazon’s Web site? 8.What are some of the business challenges facing Amazon?

62 3-62 CLOSING CASE ONE eBay – The Ultimate E-Business 1.eBay is one of the only major Internet “pure plays” to consistently make a profit from its inception. What is eBay’s e-business model and why has it been so successful? 2.Other major Web sites, like Amazon.com and Yahoo!, have entered the e-marketplace with far less success than eBay. How has eBay been able to maintain its dominant position 3.eBay has long been an e-marketplace for used goods and collectibles. Today, it is increasingly a place where major businesses come to auction their wares. Why would a brand name vendor set up shop on eBay?

63 3-63 CLOSING CASE ONE eBay – The Ultimate E-Business 4.What are the three different types of online auctions and which one is eBay using? 5.What are the different forms of online payment methods for consumers and business? How might eBay’s customers benefit from the different payment methods? 6.Which metrics would you use if you were hired to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of eBay’s Web site?

64 3-64 CLOSING CASE TWO Direct Groceries 1.What type of technology is FreshDirect using—disruptive or sustaining? 2.How could FreshDirect use a kiosk to improve its business? 3.How could FreshDirect use m-commerce to improve its business?

65 3-65 CLOSING CASE TWO Direct Groceries 4.What are the three different types of service providers and which one would FreshDirect use to run its business? 5.What types of information would be contained in FreshDirect’s intranet? 6.What types of information would be contained in FreshDirect’s extranet? 7.Which metrics would you use if you were hired to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of FreshDirect’s Web site?

66 3-66 CLOSING CASE THREE How Do You Value Friendster? 1.How could you use e-business metrics to place a value on Friendster? 2.Why would a venture capital company value Friendster at $53 million when the company has yet to generate any revenue? 3.Why would Google be interested in buying Friendster for $30 million when the company has yet to generate any revenue 4.Identify Friendster’s e-business model and explain how the company can generate revenue 5.Explain the e-business benefits and challenges facing Friendster


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