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Stefan Mundigl European Commission DG Energy and Transport Radiation Protection Unit Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European Basic.

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Presentation on theme: "Stefan Mundigl European Commission DG Energy and Transport Radiation Protection Unit Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European Basic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stefan Mundigl European Commission DG Energy and Transport Radiation Protection Unit Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European Basic Safety Standards Directive EUROPEAN COMMISSION

2 | 2 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Role of the European Union. Euratom Treaty (1957) » allow the development of nuclear energy while protecting the Health and Safety of workers and members of the public. Establish uniform Basic Safety Standards » Ensure their application (transposition; implementation; infringement procedure). Ensure the protection of the “environment” » “air, water, soil”. Research (fission/fusion Framework Programmes) » radiation biology

3 | 3 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Development of a new European Basic Safety Standards Directive. Consolidation of existing European radiation protection legislation. Revision of the Euratom Basic Safety Standards (Directive 96/29/Euratom)

4 | 4 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Consolidation of European Radiation Protection Legislation. Basic Safety Standards, Directive 96/29/Euratom. Medical Exposures, Directive 97/43/Euratom. Public Information, Directive 89/618/Euratom. Outside Workers, Directive 90/641/Euratom. Control of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources, Directive 2003/122/Euratom. Radon, Commission Recommendation 90/143/Euratom

5 | 5 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Motivation for revision of Euratom BSS. More binding requirements on » Natural radiation sources » Criteria for clearance » Cooperation between Member States for emergency planning and response. Review of regulatory control system » Graded approach to regulatory control » Cover NORM industries. New recommendations by ICRP. Revision of International Basic Safety Standards » Strive for greater harmonisation

6 | 6 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Impact of new ICRP Recommendations. Based on three different exposure situations » Planned » Existing » Emergency. Constraints and Reference levels » Source related prospective tool for optimisation » Societal basis – Bands of constraints. Forthcoming ICRP Documents on » Emergency exposure situations » Existing exposure situations. Radiological Protection of the Environment

7 | 7 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Topical issues for BSS revision. Natural Radiation » NORM industries » Building material » Radon » Cosmic radiation (exposure to aircrew). Exemption and Clearance. Graded approach to regulatory control. Education and training. Emergency preparedness and response. Occupational Exposure (Outside workers). Protection of the Environment

8 | 8 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS NORM industries. “Positive” list of types of industries » Identification of industries of concern. Activity concentrations above 1 Bq/g (10 Bq/g for K40) » Not applicable to recycling in building materials » Higher values for segments of the decay chain » Lower values where appropriate in specific cases. Assessment of doses to workers » 1-6 mSv: keep under review – apply ALARA » > 6 mSv: controlled areas. Assessment of effluents and disposal of waste » Recycling rather than radioactive waste disposal

9 | 9 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Radon. Requirement for a national action plan » All sources: soil, building material, water » Definition of radon prone areas » Reference levels for existing dwellings, new dwellings, workplaces and public buildings » Building codes for new buildings. Provide information » House owners » Building Profession. Occupational Exposure » Radon measurements » Reference levels

10 | 10 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Building Material. Placing on the market and use of building materials managed as an existing exposure situation » for types of building materials identified by national authorities, based on an indicative list given in BSS. Establishment of national reference levels » Exemption » Placing on the market subject to regulatory control. Categorisation of building materials for trade across national borders » Labelling and information

11 | 11 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Exemption and clearance. Enhance clarity of the concepts. Same levels for both concepts » Basis: IAEA RS-G-1.7 » Study launched to evaluate differences with EC RP 122, assess impact of lowering the exemption levels

12 | 12 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Regulatory Control. Graded Approach to Regulatory Control » Exemption » Notification » Registration e.g. authorisation in cases of a limited risk » Licensing. Accommodate approach for NORM industries

13 | 13 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Protection of the Environment.... not much available for the time being... » Reference to other applicable EC legislation » Reference to the Drinking Water Directive. Expect input from » PROTECT » ICRP ».... Harmonise with international Basic Safety Standards

14 | 14 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS What do we need? A regulatory approach to radiological protection of the environment has to be » Transparent & clear » Easy to understand » Easy to communicate to stakeholders Public, operators, other regulators (environmental area) » Broadly accepted/agreed » Practicable to implement » Consistent with the system in place

15 | 15 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS What can/shall be regulated? When? How?. Planned exposure situations » Environmental impact assessment New built » Granting discharge authorisations Additional criteria Further focus on the optimisation principle New built / existing installations Probably no impact on clearance of material?

16 | 16 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS What can/shall be regulated? When? How? (2). Existing exposure situations » Remediation of contaminated sites after nuclear accidents or radiological emergencies / legacy of past practices? Justification and optimisation - Doing more good than harm! Decision-making process involving stakeholders Case specific » Natural occurring radioactivity?. Emergency exposure situations » Main priority: Protection of humans » Clean-up (see existing exposure situations)

17 | 17 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Numerical Guidance - Input from PROTECT. Any numerical guidance has to be » Transparent, clear, understandable, easy to communicate » No moving target. Graded (tiered) approach » Generic screening level Threshold to enter the system What do we do if we are above? » Taxonomic screening levels? Practicability? » Regulatory action levels? Flexibility - case by case assessment?. Implementation - check compliance » Guidance on assessment (quantities to be measured, measurements, calculation codes,...)

18 | 18 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Outline of new Euratom BSS. Preamble. Title I Subject matter and Scope. Title II Definitions. Title III: System of Protection. Title IV: Responsibilities for regulatory control. Title V: Requirements for Education and Training. Title VI: Justification and Regulatory control of planned exposure situations. Title VII: Protection of Workers, Apprentices and Students. Title VIII: Protection of Patients and other individuals submitted to medical exposure. Title IX: Protection of Members of the Public. Title X: Protection of the Environment. Title XI: Emergency exposure situations. Title XII: Existing exposure situations. Title XIII: Final provisions

19 | 19 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Further Steps. Working Party on Recast » prepare a complete draft Basic Safety Standards Directive including consolidated Directives revised Directive 96/29. Discuss complete proposal with the Group of Experts referred to in Article 31 of the Euratom Treaty » June – November 2009

20 | 20 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS International Basic Safety Standards. European Commission is formally » Co-sponsoring the Safety Fundamentals » Joining the secretariat for the review of International Basic Safety Standards In view of potential co-sponsorship. Representatives of IAEA participate as observers in » Article 31 Group of Experts » and its Working Parties

21 | 21 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European BSS Summary. Consolidation of existing European radiation protection legislation. Revision of the Euratom Basic Safety Standards » Impact of new ICRP Recommendations » Integrate natural and artificial radiation » Strive for greater harmonisation with international BSS. Protection of the environment » Title foreseen in the European BSS » Harmonisation with international BSS »... wait for further input...


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