Presentation on theme: " Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European Basic Safety Standards Directive Stefan Mundigl European Commission DG Energy and Transport."— Presentation transcript:
1 Progress with the revision and consolidation of the European Basic Safety Standards DirectiveStefan MundiglEuropean CommissionDG Energy and TransportRadiation Protection UnitEUROPEAN COMMISSION
2 Role of the European Union Euratom Treaty (1957)allow the development of nuclear energy while protecting the Health and Safety of workers and members of the publicEstablish uniform Basic Safety StandardsEnsure their application (transposition; implementation; infringement procedure)Ensure the protection of the “environment”“air, water, soil”Research (fission/fusion Framework Programmes)radiation biology
3 Development of a new European Basic Safety Standards Directive Consolidation of existing European radiation protection legislationRevision of the Euratom Basic Safety Standards (Directive 96/29/Euratom)
4 Consolidation of European Radiation Protection Legislation Basic Safety Standards, Directive 96/29/EuratomMedical Exposures, Directive 97/43/EuratomPublic Information, Directive 89/618/EuratomOutside Workers, Directive 90/641/EuratomControl of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources, Directive 2003/122/EuratomRadon, Commission Recommendation 90/143/Euratom
5 Motivation for revision of Euratom BSS More binding requirements onNatural radiation sourcesCriteria for clearanceCooperation between Member States for emergency planning and responseReview of regulatory control systemGraded approach to regulatory controlCover NORM industriesNew recommendations by ICRPRevision of International Basic Safety StandardsStrive for greater harmonisation
6 Impact of new ICRP Recommendations Based on three different exposure situationsPlannedExistingEmergencyConstraints and Reference levelsSource related prospective tool for optimisationSocietal basis – Bands of constraintsForthcoming ICRP Documents onEmergency exposure situationsExisting exposure situationsRadiological Protection of the Environment
7 Topical issues for BSS revision Natural RadiationNORM industriesBuilding materialRadonCosmic radiation (exposure to aircrew)Exemption and ClearanceGraded approach to regulatory controlEducation and trainingEmergency preparedness and responseOccupational Exposure (Outside workers)Protection of the Environment
8 NORM industries “Positive” list of types of industries Identification of industries of concernActivity concentrations above 1 Bq/g (10 Bq/g for K40)Not applicable to recycling in building materialsHigher values for segments of the decay chainLower values where appropriate in specific casesAssessment of doses to workers1-6 mSv: keep under review – apply ALARA> 6 mSv: controlled areasAssessment of effluents and disposal of wasteRecycling rather than radioactive waste disposal
9 Radon Requirement for a national action plan Provide information All sources: soil, building material, waterDefinition of radon prone areasReference levels for existing dwellings, new dwellings, workplaces and public buildingsBuilding codes for new buildingsProvide informationHouse ownersBuilding ProfessionOccupational ExposureRadon measurementsReference levels
10 Building MaterialPlacing on the market and use of building materials managed as an existing exposure situationfor types of building materials identified by national authorities, based on an indicative list given in BSSEstablishment of national reference levelsExemptionPlacing on the market subject to regulatory controlCategorisation of building materials for trade across national bordersLabelling and information
11 Exemption and clearance Enhance clarity of the conceptsSame levels for both conceptsBasis: IAEA RS-G-1.7Study launched toevaluate differences with EC RP 122,assess impact of lowering the exemption levels
12 Regulatory Control Graded Approach to Regulatory Control ExemptionNotificationRegistratione.g. authorisation in cases of a limited riskLicensingAccommodate approach for NORM industries
13 Protection of the Environment ... not much available for the time being ...Reference to other applicable EC legislationReference to the Drinking Water DirectiveExpect input fromPROTECTICRP...Harmonise with international Basic Safety Standards
14 What do we need?A regulatory approach to radiological protection of the environment has to beTransparent & clearEasy to understandEasy to communicate to stakeholdersPublic, operators, other regulators (environmental area)Broadly accepted/agreedPracticable to implementConsistent with the system in place
15 What can/shall be regulated? When? How? Planned exposure situationsEnvironmental impact assessmentNew builtGranting discharge authorisationsAdditional criteriaFurther focus on the optimisation principleNew built / existing installationsProbably no impact on clearance of material?
16 What can/shall be regulated? When? How? (2) Existing exposure situationsRemediation of contaminated sites after nuclear accidents or radiological emergencies / legacy of past practices?Justification and optimisation - Doing more good than harm!Decision-making process involving stakeholdersCase specificNatural occurring radioactivity?Emergency exposure situationsMain priority: Protection of humansClean-up (see existing exposure situations)
17 Numerical Guidance - Input from PROTECT Any numerical guidance has to beTransparent, clear, understandable, easy to communicateNo moving targetGraded (tiered) approachGeneric screening levelThreshold to enter the systemWhat do we do if we are above?Taxonomic screening levels? Practicability?Regulatory action levels?Flexibility - case by case assessment?Implementation - check complianceGuidance on assessment (quantities to be measured, measurements, calculation codes, ...)
18 Outline of new Euratom BSS PreambleTitle I Subject matter and ScopeTitle II DefinitionsTitle III: System of ProtectionTitle IV: Responsibilities for regulatory controlTitle V: Requirements for Education and TrainingTitle VI: Justification and Regulatory control of planned exposure situationsTitle VII: Protection of Workers, Apprentices and StudentsTitle VIII: Protection of Patients and other individuals submitted to medical exposureTitle IX: Protection of Members of the PublicTitle X: Protection of the EnvironmentTitle XI: Emergency exposure situationsTitle XII: Existing exposure situationsTitle XIII: Final provisions
19 Further Steps Working Party on Recast prepare a complete draft Basic Safety Standards Directive includingconsolidated Directivesrevised Directive 96/29Discuss complete proposal with the Group of Experts referred to in Article 31 of the Euratom TreatyJune – November 2009
20 International Basic Safety Standards European Commission is formallyCo-sponsoring the Safety FundamentalsJoining the secretariat for the review of International Basic Safety StandardsIn view of potential co-sponsorshipRepresentatives of IAEA participate as observers inArticle 31 Group of Expertsand its Working Parties
21 SummaryConsolidation of existing European radiation protection legislationRevision of the Euratom Basic Safety StandardsImpact of new ICRP RecommendationsIntegrate natural and artificial radiationStrive for greater harmonisation with international BSSProtection of the environmentTitle foreseen in the European BSSHarmonisation with international BSS... wait for further input ...
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