Presentation on theme: "Presidential Trivia How many men have served as President? – 43. Barack Obama is the 43 rd man to serve as president, but he is called the 44 th President."— Presentation transcript:
Presidential Trivia How many men have served as President? – 43. Barack Obama is the 43 rd man to serve as president, but he is called the 44 th President. Why? Grover Cleveland was the 22 nd and 24 th. Who was the youngest elected president? – John Kennedy (43) Who was the youngest president? – Theodore Roosevelt (42) Who was the oldest president? – Ronald Reagan (117) Who was the tallest president? – Abraham Lincoln (6’4”) Who was the shortest president? – James Madison (5’4”)
Presidential Trivia Who was the only president not elected to either the presidency or vice- presidency? – Gerald Ford Before the 12 th Amendment, how were vice-presidents chosen? – Presidential runner-up How many presidents were assassinated? – 4 (Lincoln, Garfield, McKinley, Kennedy) How many presidents died in office? – 8 (W. Harrison, Taylor, Lincoln, Garfield, McKinley, Harding, F. Roosevelt, Kennedy) What is similar about the deaths of John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe? – All died on July 4. What president was related by blood or marriage to 11 other presidents? – Franklin Roosevelt
Presidential Trivia Who do historian consider the best presidents? – 1. Abraham Lincoln – 2. Franklin Roosevelt – 3. George Washington – 4. Theodore Roosevelt – 5. Harry Truman Who do historians consider the worst presidents? – 38. William Henry Harrison – 39. Andrew Johnson – 40. Franklin Pierce – 41. Warren Harding – 42. James Buchanan
The Seal Based on the Great Seal of the United States, which was created by Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams. Elements: - Bald Eagle - symbol of the U.S. - “E Pluribus Unum” - motto of the U.S. - “out of many, one” - Olive Branch - 13 leaves, 13 olives - represents strive for peace. - Arrows - 13 arrows - represents necessity of war to protect nation. - Shield - 13 stripes (red and white)
The Seal Based on the Great Seal of the United States, which was created by Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams. Elements: - 13 white clouds - 13 stars above the eagle and 50 stars around the edge Until 1945, the eagles head faced the arrows. Harry Truman had the seal redesigned to signify our strive for peaceful solutions.
Roles of the President Chief of State – The president is the ceremonial head of the government of the U.S. Chief Executive – The president is the head of the executive branch. Chief Administrator – The president is the boss and leader of the federal government. (Including 3 million employees) Chief Diplomat – The president is the leader in foreign policy.
Roles of the President Commander-in-Chief – The president is the leader of the armed forces. Chief Legislature – The president is a main builder of public policy. Party Chief – The president is the leader of his/her political party. Chief Citizen – The presidency is an office of moral leadership.
Qualifications According to the Constitution (Article II, Section 1), the President must: – Be a natural born citizen. – Be at least 35 years old. – Have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years. Not very strict qualifications – 120 million people qualify.
Term of Office According to the Constitution: – “He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years” – Many suggestions
Term of Office How many terms can a President serve? – According to the Constitution: no limit – 2 terms was tradition – Franklin Roosevelt broke tradition by being elected to 4 terms. – Changed in 1951: 22 nd Amendment - “No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice…” 2 terms with a maximum of 10 years. – “and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.”
Pay and Benefits Salary: – In 2001, Congress agreed to pay the President $400,000. Benefits: – 132 room mansion called the White House – Two Boeing 747’s called Air Force One – Helicopter called Marine One – Armored Cadillac – Official vacation retreat in Maryland called Camp David – Lifetime pension of $200,000 per year – Protection of Secret Service up to 10 years after office
Presidents “on the Presidency” Thomas Jefferson: “The presidency is a place of splendid misery.” John Quincy Adams: “The four most miserable years of my life were my four years as president.” William McKinley: “I have had enough of it. I have had all the honor there is in this place, and have had responsibilities enough to kill any man.” William H. Taft: “I’m glad to be going. This is the loneliest place in the world.” William Harding: “The presidency is a prison” Franklin Roosevelt: “ The first twelve years are the hardest.”