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BY HUGO, HOLLIE, LAUREN AND FIONA Hinduism. Something you didn’t know! Worlds oldest religion World’s third largest religion It is a way of life (dharma)

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1 BY HUGO, HOLLIE, LAUREN AND FIONA Hinduism

2 Something you didn’t know! Worlds oldest religion World’s third largest religion It is a way of life (dharma) The word ‘Hindu’ came from the river ‘Sindhu’ In Hinduism, they do not have any system or beliefs just prominent themes.

3 Key Belief’s Truth is Eternal Hindu’s pursue knowledge and understanding of the truth Brahman is truth and reality Brahman is the one true God (Formless, all inclusive and eternal) The Vedas are the ultimate authority Hindu scriptures that contain revelations received by ancient saints Everyone should strive to achieve dharma Described as the right conduct; moral law and duty, anyone who makes dharma central of their lives strive to do the right thing. Individual souls are immortal Believe that the persons soul is neither created or destroyed.

4 Prominent themes DharmaMokshaKarmaSamsara

5 Dharma (ethics and duties) Dharma in Hinduism means duty, virtue and morality, it refers to the power in which the universe and society holds. Dharma is seen to acting virtuously, which means it is the same for everyone. Different people have different obligations and duties, dependant on their age, gender and social position. Everyone has their own dharma Flood, G. (2009)

6 Samsara (Rebirth) The soul reincarnates again and again until it becomes perfect and reunites with its source. During this process they believe the soul enters many bodies and holds many forms. The following verse of the Bhagavad gita summarises Samsara is, ‘Just as a man discards worn out cloths and puts on new clothes, the soul discards worn out bodies and wears new ones.’ (2.22)

7 Karma Karma is a word which means action, it refers to the law that every reaction has an equal reaction either immediately or some point in the future. Good actions with dharma will have good reactions or responses and bad actions which go against dharma will have the opposite effect. In Hinduism they believe that karma doesn’t operate in one lifetime but across lifetimes, the results of one action may not be experienced in the present life but in a new life. Flood. G. (2009)

8 Moksha Moksha is the end of death and rebirth cycle and is known as the forth ultimate artha, which means goal. This goal is achieved by overcoming ignorance and desires. It can be achieved by both in life and after death. (BBC 2006)

9 Hindu Celebrations Hindu’s celebrate Diwali, the festival of light. The festival celebrates the victory of good over evil, light over darkness and all over the world it is celebrated differently. In Britain the festival is a time for cleaning the home, wearing new clothes, exchanging gifts, fireworks and decorating buildings.

10 Deities In Hinduism there are a wide variety of deities (god and goddesses) to choose and worship, every Hindu can pray for something different as each deities means something different. Many Hindu’s view their religion with only one supreme deities who is formless and impersonal, all other deities are parts of the one God. In the Hindu faith there is a trinity where the deities is in three people. Brahma: is the creator of all reality Vishnu is the preserver of all of the creations Shiva is the destroyer.

11 Brahma Vishnu Shiva Krishna

12 Reference List BBC. (2006). Moksha.[online] Available: s/moksha.shtml. [Last accessed 09/10/13]. s/moksha.shtml BBC. (2009). Gurdwara. [online] Available:http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/sikhis m/ritesrituals/gurdwara_1.shtml. [Last accessed 09/10/13]http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/sikhis m/ritesrituals/gurdwara_1.shtml Flood, G. (2009). Hindu concepts. [online] Available at: pts/concepts_1.shtml. [Last accessed 09/10/13] pts/concepts_1.shtml Indiavideodotorg. (2009). Diwali Festival of lights. [online] Available at: [Last accessed 17/10/13]


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