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MODULE 2 NOTES Intro to Psychology. Psychological Perspectives  Method of classifying a collection of ideas  Also called “schools of thought”  Also.

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Presentation on theme: "MODULE 2 NOTES Intro to Psychology. Psychological Perspectives  Method of classifying a collection of ideas  Also called “schools of thought”  Also."— Presentation transcript:

1 MODULE 2 NOTES Intro to Psychology

2 Psychological Perspectives  Method of classifying a collection of ideas  Also called “schools of thought”  Also called “psychological approaches”  To view behavior from a particular perspective

3 6 Modern Perspectives 1. Cognitive * 2. Biological * 3. Social Cultural * 4. Behavioral 5. Humanistic 6. Psychodynamic * = the three most important/ influential

4 Cognitive Perspective For Example: When I was explaining why I wanted everyone to draw a picture for each vocab word.  School of thought that focuses on how people think – how we take in, process, store, and retrieve information  Behavior is explained by how a person interprets the situation  Focus is on THINKING AND THOUGHT PROCESSES

5 Biological Perspective For Example: Sleep studies. Psychologists monitor what the brain is physically doing when we are sleeping. They do not focus on the actual dreams we have.  School of thought that focuses on the physical structures and substances underlying a particular behavior, thought, or emotion  Behavior is explained by brain chemistry, genetics, glands, etc.  Focus is on ACTUAL BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES IN THE BODY AND GENETICS

6 Social-Cultural Perspective For Example: Alina’s example of having to go to the bathroom after class.  School of thought that focuses on how thinking or behavior changes in different contexts or situations  Behavior is explained by the influence of other people present, culture, cultural norms, etc.  Focus in on THE INFLUENCES OF SOCIETY, CULTURE, and OTHERS ON OUR BEHAVIOR

7 Behavioral Perspective For Example: outube.com/w atch?v=nE8pF WP5QDM  The theory that psychology should only study observable behaviors, not mental processes.  Behavior is explained by previous learning  Focus is on how we learn through rewards, punishments, and observation

8 Humanistic Perspective For Example: Sports teams.  School of thought that focuses on the study of conscious experience, the individual’s freedom to choose, and the capacity for personal growth  Healthy individuals strive to reach their potential.  Focus is on how healthy people strive to reach their full potential and behavior is driven by this drive  Behavior is explained as being motivated by satisfying needs (safety, hunger, thirst, etc.), with the goal of reaching one’s full potential once basic needs are met.

9 Psychodynamic Perspective For Example: Freud.  Theory of personality and therapeutic technique that attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts  Focus is on how behavior is affected by unconscious drives and conflicts  Behavior is explained through unconscious motivation and unresolved inner conflicts from one’s childhood.

10 Behavior Genetics For example: Nature versus Nurture  School of thought that focuses on how much our genes and our environment influence our individual differences  Combines biological perspective and social-cultural perspective, as well as behaviorism  Emphasis on the importance of both genetic and environmental factors on behavior  Behavior geneticists study how genes and environment come together to influence behavior


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