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ALFRED ADLER 1870-1937. Man is a ___________ being. Freud Jung Adler.

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Presentation on theme: "ALFRED ADLER 1870-1937. Man is a ___________ being. Freud Jung Adler."— Presentation transcript:

1 ALFRED ADLER 1870-1937

2 Man is a ___________ being. Freud Jung Adler

3 ___________ is the goal of life. Freud Jung Adler

4 Alfred Adler, M.D. Neo-Freudian: emphasis on conscious vs. unconscious Split with Freud in 1911

5 Founder of Individual Psychology ~ 1912 We are self-determining, we are not passive we are creative, active, “masters of our own fate” soft determinism A theory of hope, very positive We are motivated by social forces and feelings of inferiority

6 Inferiority inferiority: our feelings of "less than" that motivate us to strive toward identity and perfection by age 8, our personality is "crystallized" and we are driven to overcome feelings of inferiority perfection is the goal extreme inferiority can result in neuroses, or complexes

7 Striving Striving: We are all motivated by social forces and are striving toward goals. Perfection, not pleasure, is the goal. teleology: humans live by goals and purposes, they are moved by the anticipation of the future and they create meaning

8 Phenomenology phenomenology: one's subjective reality people give their experiences meaning through their views, beliefs and perceptions Adler was first theorist to stress the importance of perception fictive notions: unconscious notions about inadequacies, sense of belonging, and comparison of self to others Adler believed childhood experiences are not crucial, but our interpretations of those experiences is significant



11 Holism Holism: Adler's psychology is based on a holistic view of the person thoughts, feelings, beliefs, attitudes, goals the individual is an integral part of a social system (family, humanity) more focus on interpersonal (between people) than intrapersonal (within people)

12 Social Interest Social Interest : an individual's attitudes in dealing with other people in the world, striving for a better future for humanity (Gemeinschaftsgefühl!!!!!!!!!!!) our happiness and success are largely related to social connectedness - we are all motivated by a strong desire to belong our sense of identification and empathy for others social interest is a measure of mental health

13 To see with the eyes of another, to hear with the ears of another, to feel with the heart of another. For the time being, this seems to me an admissible definition of what we call social feeling. -Alfred Adler

14 Life Tasks We must successfully master 3 life tasks friends : healthy peer relationships work : healthy, goal-oriented, successes at work (this includes school) love : healthy intimate and romantic relationships, this includes family

15 Family Constellation family constellation: psychological and social configuration of the family group how one's self-awareness develops birth order roles (traditional or non) within family, values, patterns child's position and role in the family influence later personality development family atmosphere: climate of relationships among family members

16 Adlerian Life Chart Fictive notions: unconscious notions about inadequacies, sense of belonging, and comparison of self to others Conscious notions: conscious explanations for themselves and their behaviors Inferiority Complex: “pathology” resulting from feelings of inferiority Superiority Complex :“pathology” resulting from crippling state of superiority or isolation

17 Adlerian Therapy Adlerian therapy is a an educational model emotional disorders are “failures in life”, failures in the life tasks or an underdeveloped social interest

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