一、主动句与被动句 1.We mustn’t look down upon the disabled. The disabled mustn’t be looked down upon. 2. People consider Lincoln to be a great leader and a wise man. Lincoln is considered to be a great leader and a wise man. 3. You should pay more attention to the issue. The issue should be paid more attention to.
二、简单句与复合句 We had to stand there to catch the offender (n. 罪犯, 冒犯者 ) Rewrite: What we had to do was to stand there, trying to catch the offender.
They were arguing for days, but no agreement was reached. They were arguing for days, without reaching any agreement. 他们争论了数天，没有达成共识。
三、倒装句 Inversion 1._______ again was she to see her children. 她再也见不到她的孩子了。 2._____ by logical reasoning can the problem be solved. 只有用逻辑推理才能解决该问题。 Never Only
Only we try our best are we likely to succeed. Only when we try our best / do our utmost / try all means are we likely to succeed. 翻译： 我们只有尽力了，才有可能成功。 X
Inversion 4. ______ had the book appeared when it was attacked in the press. 在报纸上被攻击后，这本书不大看得到了。 5. ______ did I think(=I have no idea) I might one day have my own TV programme. 我不知道有一天我会有自己的电视节目。 6. __________ was the president aware of this scheme. 这位总统立刻就知道了这个策谋。 Hardly Little At no time
四、使用非谓语动词 1.They don’t know whether they shall carry out the old plan or not. They don’t know whether to carry out the old plan or not. 2. Unluckily, his car was blocked by a tree. The tree has fallen down. Unluckily, his car was blocked by a fallen tree. 3. If we were given more time, we could do the job much better. Given more time, we could do the job much better.
五、省略句 1.When I’m in trouble, I always turn to my uncle for help. When in trouble, I always turn to my uncle for help. 2. You can come to me when it is necessary. You can come to me when necessary. 3. Try it again if it is possible. Try it again if possible.
六、强调句 The mayor met Mr. Smith from America in Beijing Hotel yesterday. It was the mayor who met Mr. Smith from America in Beijing Hotel. It was Mr. Smith from America who the mayor met in Beijing Hotel. It was in Beijing Hotel that the mayor met Mr. Smith from America in Beijing Hotel. It was yesterday that the mayor met Mr. Smith from America in Beijing Hotel.
Rewrite these using “with” 1. She turned away: her eyes were red with tears. She turned away with her eyes red with tears. 2. China has entered the WTO, the demand for university students is becoming greater. With China’s entry into the WTO, the demand for university students is becoming greater. 3. The shortage of organs is critical: many people die every year for lack of suitable donors. With many people dying every year for lack of suitable donors, the shortage of organs is critical. critical adj. 评论的, 鉴定的, 批评的, 危急的, 临界的 donor n. 捐赠人
Rewrite these using “with” 4.When negotiation ( n. 商议, 谈判 ) finally failed, the future began to look very hopeless. With negotiation having failed, the future began to look very hopeless. With the failure of negotiations, the future began to look very hopeless. 5. He sat by the window; a cigarette was in his hand. He sat by the window with a cigarette in his hand.
Rewrite these using past participle 1.The book was written in the 1930s. It aroused little interest for many years. Written in the 1930s, the book aroused little interest for many years. 2. The Observer was founded in 1791. It is the world’s oldest Sunday newspaper Founded in 1791, the Observer was the world’s oldest Sunday newspaper.
Polish the passage Some students leave tap water running after washing. Some students have the lights on in the daytime. Some students order too much food and leave much leftovers on the table. Some ask their parents for a lot of pocket money and spend too much on snacks or drinks. We should deal with the problem right now!
…,The students leave tap water running after washing and have the lights on in the daytime, which means a huge waste of water and electricity. Some students get into a bad habit of ordering much delicious food in the canteen but they don’t eat all the food, leaving much on the table. Some ask their parents for a lot of pocket money. So it is high time we had to deal with the problem.
In my opinion, we should have a clear awareness of the serious situation. We should educate the students to form the good habit. We should start with ourselves and take the lead in reducing the waste to save everything.
But how can we reduce waste? In my opinion, it is everybody’s duty to fight against waste. On one hand, I should start with myself to save everything. On the other hand, I’d like to remind my friends here to take the lead in reducing the waste.
As far as I am concerned, I think only when all of us are fully aware of its seriousness can the situation be improved. On one hand, it is necessary for schools to educate every student not to waste anything in any form and on the other hand every one of us should start with ourselves to fight against waste. It is not until all of us are involved in the activity that we can bring the situation under control.
Pick one of your writing passages and try to create variety in sentence pattern to polish up your writing. Let’s strive for a higher mark in your writing! strive v. 努力, 奋斗, 力争, 斗争 Let’s strive for a higher mark in your writing! Let’s strive for a higher mark in your writing! Let’s strive for a higher mark in your writing!