Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Dynasties of Ancient China Xia Dynasty 夏朝 Shang Dynasty 商朝 Zhou Dynasty 周朝 –Warring States Period 戰國時代 Qin Dynasty 秦朝 Han Dynasty 漢朝.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Dynasties of Ancient China Xia Dynasty 夏朝 Shang Dynasty 商朝 Zhou Dynasty 周朝 –Warring States Period 戰國時代 Qin Dynasty 秦朝 Han Dynasty 漢朝."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Dynasties of Ancient China

3 Xia Dynasty 夏朝 Shang Dynasty 商朝 Zhou Dynasty 周朝 –Warring States Period 戰國時代 Qin Dynasty 秦朝 Han Dynasty 漢朝

4 Xia Dynasty 夏朝 ca BC Pronounced “SHEE-YA”

5 What’s new with the Xia Dynasty ? - Get with your 3:00 appointment

6 Xia Dynasty 夏朝 ca BC Not a real dynasty ??? Agrarian (farming) society –Y–Yellow River (Huang He) –t–terrible flooding Yu the Great –c–canals Bronze weapons

7 Ruled by shamans (communicated with spirits) According to legend, the dynasty ended when the cruel ruler was overthrown

8 Shang Dynasty 商朝 BC Pronounced “SHONG”

9 What’s going on with the Shang ? - Get with your 6:00 appointment

10 Shang Dynasty 商朝 BC Developed along the Huang He (Yellow) River Social class system –L–Landowners –P–Peasants –S–Slaves No strong central gov’t Oracle bones and turtle shells

11 Worshipped ancestors and the god Shang Ti Jade statues and jewelry Alcoholism may have contributed to dynasty’s downfall

12 Zhou Dynasty 周朝 BC Eastern Zhou Western Zhou Pronounced “JOH”

13 What do you know about the Zhou ? - Get with your 9:00 appointment

14 Zhou Dynasty 周朝 BC Started where the Shang Dynasty left off –D–Developed and spread Shang culture Strong military –C–Conquered a large area –S–Sent criminals to the front lines –I–Invented the crossbow Iron –W–Weapons –T–Tools (plows, etc.)

15 “Mandate of Heaven” –p–permission from the ancestors to rule

16 Warring States Period 戰國時代 BC

17 Zhou warrior states rebelled Warlords conquered surrounding lands Western Zhou states vs. Eastern Zhou states Breakup of the Zhou Dynasty

18 Philosophy –L–Laozi and Confucius –L–Legalism –B–Buddhism State of Qin wins the war and unifies China

19 Qin Dynasty 秦朝 BC Pronounced “CHIN”

20 What’s the spin on the Qin ? - Get with your 12:00 appointment

21 Qin Dynasty 秦朝 BC 36 warring states united under one ruler Qin Shi Huangdi –First emperor of China Qin = home region Shi = family name Huang = personal name Di = emperor & star god

22 Qin Dynasty 秦朝 BC 5000 miles of roads to connect empire Standardization of coins, weights, and measures Made Qin the official writing system (China is named after the Qin)

23 Great Wall of China 萬里長城 The world's longest man- made structure 3,948 mi. Terra Cotta Army 兵馬俑 Qin Shi Huangdi’s tomb is guarded by a life-size clay replica of his entire army

24 Qin Dynasty 秦朝 BC Grew paranoid –Executed scholars –Burned books –Hid in his palace Upon his death, civil war and chaos brought an end to the Qin Dynasty

25 Han Dynasty 漢朝 206 BC - AD 220

26 The Han seized the empire during the civil war following the death of Qin Shi Huangdi Government by Confucian ideas –Built Confucian schools to teach proverbs and sayings –Scholar bureaucrats chosen by exam (similar to Civil Service Exam)

27 Han Dynasty 漢朝 206 BC - AD 220 Stable, long-lasting government –Respect for tradition –Focus on education Expanded China’s boundaries almost to where they are today –in Chinese, the country is called the “Middle Kingdom” 中國 (Zhōngguó)

28 The Silk Road 絲綢之路 Trade network that connects Chang'an (today's Xi'an), China, with Antioch, Asia Minor; extends over 8,000 km (5,000 miles) A major part of the Han economy

29 Dynasties of Ancient China Xia Dynasty 夏 朝 Shang Dynasty 商朝 Zhou Dynasty 周 朝 –W–Warring States Period 戰 國時代 Qin Dynasty 秦 朝 Han Dynasty 漢 朝


Download ppt "Dynasties of Ancient China Xia Dynasty 夏朝 Shang Dynasty 商朝 Zhou Dynasty 周朝 –Warring States Period 戰國時代 Qin Dynasty 秦朝 Han Dynasty 漢朝."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google