2GPS StandardsSSWH11 The students will investigate the political and social changes in Japan and in China from the seventeenth century CE to mid-nineteenth century CE.A. Describe the policies of the Tokugawa and Qing rules; include how Oda Nobunaga laid the ground work for the subsequent Tokugawa rulers and how Kangxi came to rule for such a long period in China.B. Analyze the impact of population growth and its impact on the social structure of Japan and China.
3Essential QuestionHow did the social structure in Japan differ from the social structure in China?How did Oda Nobunaga lay the ground work for Tokugawa Shogunate in Japan?
4Feudalism in Japan “Warring States”- time in Japanese’s history Samurai- seized control of old feudal estates. Offered peasants protection in return for loyalty.Daimyo: Warrior chieftains, became lords in a new kind of Japanese feudalism.Similar to European feudalism.
5Oda NobunagaBrutal and ambitious daimyo who defeated his rivals and seized the imperial capital Kyoto in 1568.Motto= “Rule the empire by force”.First to use firearms effectively in JapanWas not able to unify Japan.Seppuku= the ritual suicide of a samurai
6Toyotomi HideyoshiNobunaga’s best general- continued leader’s mission.Set out to destroy the daimyo that remained hostile.Combined brute force with political alliances, he controlled most of the country.Eventually conquered both Korea and China.
7Tokugawa Ieyasu Completed the unification of Japan. He became the sole ruler = Shogun.Moved the capital to Edo(small fishing village) became the city of Tokyo.Tamed the daimyo by setting up an “alternate attendance policy”. = restoring centralized government to Japan.Founded the Tokugawa Shogunate
8Tokugawa Shogunate Held power in Japan until 1867 Shoguns followed Ieyasu advice: “ Take care of the people. Strive to be virtuous. Never neglect to protect the country.”Brought welcome into Japan
9Life in Tokugawa JapanStability, prosperity, and isolation under Tokugawa shoguns.Farmers produced more food and population rose.Merchants and wealthy prospered.Majority of peasants were heavily taxedJapanese culture spread
10Society in Tokugawa Japan Emperor had the top rank(figurehead).Shogun- military commander- was the actual ruler.Daimyo- powerful samuraiSamurai warriors came next.Peasants and artisans.Merchants were at the bottom but moved their way up as the economy suspended.
11Society in Tokugawa Japan Peasant farmers bore main tax burden.Shift from rural to urban societies.Women found jobs in entertainment, textile, manufacturing, and publishing.Most women worked in the fields, managed the household, cared for children, and obeyed their husband without question.
12Culture in Tokugawa Shogunate Traditional culture strivedPlays/dramas based on ancient warriors and their courage in battle.Hung paintings that showed scenes from classical literature.Haiku Syllable, 3 line verse poetry, this presented images rather than ideas.Kabuki= theater
13Trade/TechnologyPortuguese hoped to get involved with trade in China and Southeast Asia.Brought: clocks, eyeglasses, tobacco, firearms, and other items from Europe.Daimyo welcomed them and their cannons and musketsPurchased weapons from the Portuguese and soon began their own production.
14Christian Missionaries Christian missionaries began arriving in Japan, came along with trade.Missionaries were changing traditional Japanese beliefs and sometimes involved themselves in local politics.Christian Rebels started un up rise against the shogunate- decided Christianity was the root of the uprising.
15Japan in IsolationPersecution of Christians was part of an attempt to control foreign ideas. –“closed country policy”.Nagasaki- remained open port to Dutch and Chinese merchants.Japanese were forbidden to leave for fear of bringing back foreign ideas.