Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

 Where did Aztecs come from?  Nomadic tribe (Mashika) from N/NW Mexico  Aztlan territory  Source of Aztec name  Wandered over 200 years before settling.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: " Where did Aztecs come from?  Nomadic tribe (Mashika) from N/NW Mexico  Aztlan territory  Source of Aztec name  Wandered over 200 years before settling."— Presentation transcript:

1

2  Where did Aztecs come from?  Nomadic tribe (Mashika) from N/NW Mexico  Aztlan territory  Source of Aztec name  Wandered over 200 years before settling in the Valley of Mexico

3  Geography  Extremely varied  Sea level to 7,500 feet above sea level  Surrounded by tropical rain forests  High altitude = mild climate

4  Mercenary  Nahauatl  Soldier/warrior for hire  Aztec language  Nahauatl words you know:  Acapulco  Mexico  Avocado  Chocolate  tomato

5  Developed glyphs  Represented both ideas and sounds  Limited in what could be expressed

6  Tenochtitlan  Aztec city located on an island in Lake Texcoco  Lake filled in over time  Now Mexico City  Capital of Mexico

7  Aztec Empire  1400’s  Controlled region  Established city-states  Own government  Distinct culture  Three main ones:  Tenochtitlan  Texcoco  Tiacopan  489 cities paid tribute and taxes

8  No attempt to unify  No attempt to change customs of conquered people  Military units to maintain control  Great noble commanded each army  Served as governor of area

9  Government  Council of Nobles  Chose emperor from members of royal family  Most offices were hereditary  Service to emperor was also way to gain high office

10  Montezuma I  Greatest emperor  Ruled /9  Expanded empire  Spelled different ways  Moctezuma  Motecuhzoma  Montezuma II  Grandson  Became emperor in 1502  Ruled at empires peak

11  Aztec Society  Calpulli  Large family group  Everyone belonged to one  Means “big house”  Each calpulli owned plot of land  Meet needs of members  Government got part of harvest as tribute

12  Social Hierarchy  4 mail social classes  Upper-class Nobles  Owned land PLUS land of their calpulli  Commoners  Farmed the calpulli  Made crafts  Gave tribute in return for protection  Serfs/Peasants  Farmed land of nobles  slaves  Captives in war  Criminals  Citizens unable to pay debts  Were servants or worked fields with serfs

13 1% 98% 18% warriors

14  Achievements  Complex hierarchy  Huge trade network  Tribute system  Sophisticated agricultural economy  Intellectual  Religious Chinampa

15  Spanish Invasion  Hernando Cortes and army invaded  Searching for gold  Many of small city-states helped  Resented paying tributes  1521  Aztecs destroyed


Download ppt " Where did Aztecs come from?  Nomadic tribe (Mashika) from N/NW Mexico  Aztlan territory  Source of Aztec name  Wandered over 200 years before settling."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google