Presentation on theme: "PROUT PROgressive Utilization Theory The social cycle."— Presentation transcript:
PROUT PROgressive Utilization Theory The social cycle
Prout PROUT stands for Progressive Utilization Theory. According to PROUT principles, all the resources of humanity and the universe should be utilized for all round welfare.
The Social Cycle The social cycle is the succession of the various human psychologies which govern social outlook during different historical periods.
Varnas or Mental Colours These specific human psychologies are also called ‘varnas’ (Sanskrit) or mental colors. They can also be called ‘social classes’ or ‘psycho-social temperaments’..
The concept of varna or mental colour is based on social science and is not related to the idea of caste, which is a dogma created to impose exploitation in society. Prout opposes all forms of discrimination. No discrimination
Four basic human psychologies SanskritEnglish Shudra: Labourer Ksattriya: Warrior Vipra: Intellectual Vaeshya: Merchant / Capitalist
Labourer (shudra) Mental color: Black Basic psychology: Mind preoccupied with physical needs. They survive mainly by their manual labour.
Warrior (ksattriya) Mental color: Red Basic psychology: To fight and conquer is their nature. Valour and honour has more value to them than their own existence.
Intellectual (vipra) Mental color: White Basic psychology: Control matter by the use of their intelligence. Dominant by intellectual ability.
Evolved / insightful intellectuals Mentally evolved intellectuals (vipras) have the capacity to direct their intellect towards spiritual awakening.
Capitalist (vaeshya) Mental color: Yellow Basic psychology: Mercantile approach to life – manage and accumulate wealth. Always seeking trade and expansion of wealth.
Meta-history “In the movement of the social cycle, one class is always dominant.”
The social cycle Shudra - labourer Ksattriya - warrior Vipra - intellectual Vaeshya - capitalist
Viksubdha shudra - those disgruntled with social conditions / work Intellectual-minded (vipra) and warrior-minded (ksattriya) persons relegated to labourer status (shudra) are the leaders of the proletariat (shudra) revolution. viksubdha (Sanskrit) = disgruntled shudra (Sanskrit) = basic level of existence They see the exploited social conditions and work conditions and plan and act to remedy them.
Sadvipras - spiritual and moral revolutionaries Spiritual revolutionaries are those who work to achieve progressive changes for human elevation by adhering to moral principles* (both social and personal ethics/morality). ‘sad’ (Sanskrit) = elevated ‘vipra’ (Sanskrit) = mental ability * In Yoga called Yama (social) and Niyama (personal).
Social Ethics - Yama Ahimsa: not inflicting pain or hurt on anybody by thought, word or action (non-harm). Satya: proper action of mind and the right use of words with the spirit of welfare (benevolence in expression). Asteya: not to take possession of what belongs to others (non- stealing). Brahmacarya: Cosmic feeling for each and every object (universal acceptance). Aparigraha: not indulging in amenities and comforts that are superfluous for the preservation of life (therefore, right use of food, clothes, housing and other minimum necessities of life).
Personal Ethics - Niyama Shaoca : purity of body, mind and environment (internal and external cleanliness). Santosa : state of proper ease or containment (being contentment). Tapah : shoulder sorrows and miseries of others to make them happy (going out one’s way to do service). Svadhyaya : clear understanding of any subtle or spiritual subject (developing deep understanding). Iishvara Pranidhana : establishing oneself in the Cosmic idea (auto-suggestion for developing the inner heart/self).
Sadvipras - spiritual-moral aspirants Posses the qualities of all four social psychologies, plus a spiritual depth of vision and a willingness to sacrifice for the good of the whole society.
Turn of the social cycle – historical epoch In the nucleus of the social cycle, sadvipras churn, advance and revitalise the social flow. It is the spiritual / moral revolutionaries who ‘make history’.
Sadvipras Labourer - Shudra Warrior - Ksattriya Capitalists - Vaeshya Intellectual - Vipra It is persons who have strong ethics and personal sacrifice for a greater ideal (sadvipras) who keep the flow of the social cycle revolving – spiral of elevation
Evolution Accelerating the movement of the social cycle by the application of force is called evolution. The subtlest forces are in the spiritual and psycho-spiritual realms.
Revolution Accelerating the movement of the social cycle by the application of tremendous force is called revolution. Spiritual transformation within and its accompanying social impacts produce the best welfare results.
Counter-evolution Reversing the movement of the social cycle by the application of force is called counter evolution.
Counter-revolution Reversing the movement of the social cycle by the application of tremendous force is called counter-revolution.
Peripheric evolution A complete rotation of the social cycle is called peripheric evolution.