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The Iliad. Homer “hostage” Ionian bard Blind? Trojans vs. Greeks? Unbiased portrayal Humans’ essential flaws and virtues.

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Presentation on theme: "The Iliad. Homer “hostage” Ionian bard Blind? Trojans vs. Greeks? Unbiased portrayal Humans’ essential flaws and virtues."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Iliad

2 Homer “hostage” Ionian bard Blind? Trojans vs. Greeks? Unbiased portrayal Humans’ essential flaws and virtues

3 Historical Background *Trojan War = Bronze Age (1200 B.C.) * The Iliad written 8 th century B.C. *Considered history by 5 th century Greeks

4 Invocation States the theme Invokes the muse

5 The Nine Muses Clio: History Euterpe: Music Thalia: Comedy Melpomene: Tragedy Terpsichore: Dance Erato: Love Poetry Polymnia: Divine Hymns Ourania: Astronomy Calliope: Epic Poetry

6 In Medias Res Latin for “in the middle of things” Audience already familiar with characters and plot

7 Stock Epithets Re-used noun-adjective combinations allowing reciter to quickly describe objects and characters in terms the audience would recognize “wily Odysseus” “wine-dark sea”

8 Themes Moral journey Fate & Free Will Legacy & Mortality Pride & Honor Achilles’ Anger

9 Free Will vs. Destiny How do characters shape the plot through their decisions? How else could the character have handled the situation?

10 Legacy vs. Mortality Achilles’ Double Fate: Long, peaceful life -- or -- Immortality through legacy

11 Pride & Honor A warrior’s self-worth based on how he is viewed by others Honor expressed tangibly through prizes culled from the spoils of war Prizes given to a warrior based on rank & valor

12 Spoils of War Booty = visible symbol of merit Women = slaves or concubines Stripping warrior of a prize = demotion in rank

13 Achilles’ Anger Warrior’s merit and achievements vs. power and rewards

14 Terminology Achaians = Greeks (also Danaans and Argives Troy = Tenedos, Ilion, city of Ilos Priam’s city Phthia = Achilles’ home Myrmodons = warriors from Phthia Apollo = Smintheus Agamemnon = Atreides, son of Atreus


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