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Dynamic Environments of the Future Mr. Keith Seaman Senior Adviser, Command and Control Modeling and Simulation Office of Warfighting Integration and Chief.

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Presentation on theme: "Dynamic Environments of the Future Mr. Keith Seaman Senior Adviser, Command and Control Modeling and Simulation Office of Warfighting Integration and Chief."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dynamic Environments of the Future Mr. Keith Seaman Senior Adviser, Command and Control Modeling and Simulation Office of Warfighting Integration and Chief Information Officer

2 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e

3 "We better be prepared to dominate the skies above the surface of the earth or be prepared to be buried beneath it." General Carl A. "Tooey" Spaatz 1 st AF Chief of Staff “If you want to go anywhere in modern war, in the air, on the sea, on the land, you must have command of the air.” Admiral William “Bull” Halsey We Exist to DOMINATE Air, Space and Cyberspace for America

4 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Win the Global War on Terror Recapitalize/Modernize Care for Airmen Our Mission… …deliver sovereign options for the defense of the U.S. and its interests – in air, space, and cyberspace.” Everything is done in context ofJointness Everything is done in context of Jointness Guided by Three Priorities Failure is not an option…Can’t afford to re-learn lessons!

5 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Change Agents M&S Opportunities Abound National Security Strategy Base Realignment and Closure Quadrennial Defense Review Joint Planning Guidance President’s Budget DoD Technology Plan

6 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e The mission of the United States Air Force is to deliver sovereign options for the defense of the United States of America and its global interests – to fly and fight in Air, Space, and Cyberspace. Air Force Mission Statement

7 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e AJP ACTD Map Viewer 1.0 X X X X INFORMATION-RICH VISUALIZATIONS NET CENTRIC OPS COLLABORATION INTERACTIVE PLANNING IMMERSIVE TRAINING FUSED EXECUTION DYNAMIC BATTLESPACE GLOBAL DECISION ENVIRONMENT COMPETITIVE SIMS Challenges Demand New Constructs

8 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e TECHNOLOGY EXPLODING MULTI-DISCIPLINARY LED BY COMMERCIAL WORLD TECHNOLOGY SURPRISE REACTIVE PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY EUPHORIA UNFOCUSED PROGRAMS SOLUTIONS SEEKING PROBLEMS TECHNOLOGY COMPLACENCY “DON’T FIX WHAT AIN’T BROKE” TECHNICAL CYNICISM COMPUTER ERA INFORMATION ERA CAPABILITY GAP Military Adoption Business Adoption Available Technology Information Systems Technology Source: Adapted from William R. Synnot, The Information Weapon Today’s Technology Environment

9 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e National Critical Technology

10 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Creating War-Winning Effects…

11 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e VIDEO OPTION #2

12 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Modeling and Simulation Live-Virtual-Constructive Integration Increase training realism Mitigate resource constraints Overcome geographical constraints Constructive Interoperability Between C4I Systems Interoperability Between Simulations Interoperability between C4I systems and simulations Live Nevada Test & Training Range Enable Joint interoperability Expand training audience size Expand the battlespace Virtual

13 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e MSN REHEARSAL ANALYSIS WARGAMING EXERCISES TESTING TRAINING EXPERIMENTS FUTURE ACQUISITION PLANNING What is achieved from simulation? 1) Safer 2) WX 3) MX 4 ) Joint 5) Real 6) Greater Security 7) Interoperative In simulation, there IS a rerun button! Modeling and Simulation Multiple Activities and Disciplines

14 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e EQUIP EMPOWER ENABLE EDUCATE Developing the Future Airman Partnering to Define an End-to-End LIFE-CYCLE AIRMAN

15 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Creating the Competitive Edge Mobilization Operations Training Range L-V-C Learning Capability Mobilization Operations Training Range L-V-C Learning Capability Web-Enabled Learning Capability Web-Enabled Learning Capability Embedded Learning Capability Embedded Learning Capability Game-Based Learning Capability Game-Based Learning Capability Distributed Simulation Capability Distributed Simulation Capability Reachback Capability Reachback Capability Office School Home Field In Transit In Transit

16 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Emerging Technologies Synthetic Network Warfare Constructive Cyber Space Advanced Simulators Global Interaction Human Factors/Behaviors Directed Energy Inter-Active Competitive Sims Virtual Testing/Training Nano … Bio … Quantum Live-Virtual-Constructive Integration to Support All M&S Domains

17 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Gaming a Disruptive Technology Inter-Active Competitive Simulations Games are good at fulfilling training needs...I hear and I forget...I see and I remember...I do and I understand Game based training actively engages the learner Games are simulations with goals, missions, and objectives Game interfaces can be reused

18 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Types of Strategy Games Abstract strategy Simulation Real-time strategy War game Real-time tactics Turn-based City building Multiple Worlds Global Cyberspace Command & Control

19 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Compressed kill chain “One time of flight” strike In-depth battlespace understanding 2006 AL ZARQAWI 1991 SCUD LAUNCHER 1999 S/A-6 MISSILE SITE 2003 SADDAM HUSSEIN Kill Chain Timeline Hours Minutes ENGAGE ASSESS FIND FIX TRACK TARGET Winning the GWOT Operational Impact of Technology

20 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e VIDEO OPTION #3

21 Mission and Challenges “A WARFIGHTING DOMAIN”

22 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Cyberspace Cyber Ops to ENSURE OUR FREEDOM OF ACTION and DENY FREEDOM OF ACTION TO OUR ADVERSARIES Cyberspace is a warfighting domain

23 Its All About The Effects Full Spectrum Dominance: Global effects at the speed of light

24 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Fly and Fight in Cyber Freedom from attack and freedom to attack The first battle will be for control of all three domains Dominating all three allows us to deliver the full spectrum of effects Cyber favors the offensive Strategic Attack directly at enemy centers of gravity Suppression of Enemy Cyber Defenses Offensive Counter Cyber Defensive Counter Cyber Interdiction Global effects at the speed of light Minimal CNN effect and need to rebuild Without Cyber Dominance, Operations in all Domains at Risk

25 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Synergies through integration and interdependence Cross-Domain Dominance = Sovereign Options

26 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Synergies through integration and interdependence Cross-Domain Dominance = Sovereign Options

27 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e

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33 DHARAN, SAUDI ARABIA, 25 Jun 1996: Adversary Used: Commercial Comms for coordination RF Detonation, Handheld wireless comms We’re at war: Cyber is a battlespace

34 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e We’re at war: Cyber is a battlespace BELGRADE, YUGOSLAVIA, 27 Mar 1999: Adversary Used: Mobile Communication, networked defense, electronic warfare

35 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e We’re at war: Cyber is a battlespace PENTAGON, 11 Sep 2001: Adversary Used: Internet for recruitment International & cell comms for coord; Training on sims

36 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e We’re at war: Cyber is a battlespace Hundreds of Jihadi Web Sites and Internet hosts, thousands of individual accounts

37 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e We’re at war: Cyber is a battlespace “The war is really not about Iraq or Afghanistan necessarily, it’s about this broader war that is really global in nature and has no borders. It uses things like the Cyber world to operate in.” - General Lance L. Smith, USJFC Commander

38 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Integral Fires 2007 TACP-CASS TLDHS SOF BAO Kit Assess data exchange between AF/Army, Marine, and SOF Terminal Air Controller digital ground kits to coordinate Close Air Support F-16 F/A-18 F-15E AV-8 AC-130 (DMIS) AWACS ASOC CAOC For Each Kit/Aircraft Combination: -Kit integration into AFATDS Net -ASR Flow to ASOC and into TBMCS -Data connections between kits and aircraft

39 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Challenges To Progress The Tower of Babel... Organizational Fiscal Technical Human

40 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Modeling & Simulation Supporting the Warfighter Operational Training Warfighter Ready for the Fight Decision Support Compete, Challenge, Confront Mission Rehearsal Dynamic, Live, Interactive Developing Tools to: Empower Airman…Enhance Judgment…Effect Change…Elevate Combat Readiness!!!

41 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Looking to a limitless horizon …striving for greater air, space and cyberspace capabilities Securing Cyberspace …taking action to increase our advantage in this new domain Emphasizing innovation …improving Joint warfighting …improving processes …pursing energy initiatives The Future… Firmly Resolving Ourselves to Action

42 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Questions?

43 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e BACKUP SLIDES

44 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Building From Our Proud Heritage Toward A New Horizon Supporting the Leadership priorities Meeting mission challenges … C4ISR, Cyberspace, GWOT, … in a resource constrained environment Building on our legacy, evolving, growing, and innovating within the Joint/Coalition M&S environment with strong focus on end “use” M&S: Relevant - Responsive - Responsible

45 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Shape Choices Defeat Terrorist Extremism Counter WMD Defend Homeland Today's Capability Portfolio “Shifting Our Weight” Transitioning to full-spectrum M&S JTF SEAAIRLAND OPFOR SEALANDAIR U. S. Leadership Population Infrastructure Industry Finance News Media Morale Nuclear Forces Intelligence Mil Forces COALITION Leadership Population Infrastructure Industry Finance News Media Morale Nuclear Forces Intelligence Mil ForcesOPFOR Leadership Population Infrastructur e Industry Finance News Media Morale WMD Intelligence Mil Forces ALLIES Leadership Population Infrastructur e Industry Finance News Media Morale WMD Intelligence Mil Forces RESOURCES SEA & AIRLIFT C2 SATCOM RESOURCES SEA & AIRLIFT C2 SATCOM ENVIRONMENT Political Economic Geography / Terrain Weather Electromagnetic ENVIRONMENT Political Economic Geography / Terrain Weather Electromagnetic  Irregular Warfare  Humanitarian Relief Ops  Homeland Defense  Cyber Warfare  Information Operations  Space and C2  Human Behavior  Logistics, mobility, & sustainment

46 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e What Cyberspace Is Cyberspace is An inherently technological domain in and through which we conduct operations Characterized by the electromagnetic spectrum—not just “networks” A domain where information lives 24/7/365 The global connective tissue and our Country’s nervous system More than just the components that create it--connections, content, context, and cognition matter greatly In cyberspace National boundaries and socio-political divides are minimal barriers Constraints of distance, space, time and investment are reduced--for us and our enemies Different notions of sovereignty, ownership and behavior Laws, conventions, ROE, doctrine, concepts lag technology

47 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Cyberspace: The Domain The only operating domain in which: All instruments of national power (diplomatic, informational, military and economic) can be orchestrated for a simultaneous synergistic effect We already have peer competitors An adversary can not only use in new/asymmetric ways but actually redesign to his specifications Low entry costs, potential for high impact, and low probability of attribution—and, thus, low probability of retribution—make Cyber highly attractive to rogue actors (state and non-state) Effects of cyber operations are NOT limited to command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) networks: Second and third order effects are geometric, cascading, systemic, and, potentially, catastrophic

48 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Cyberspace: Vulnerabilities As the dominant global power, US is most vulnerable to attacks in this domain “Electronic Pearl Harbor”/ “E-Katrina” Cyberspace provides a fulcrum to leverage physical attacks by disrupting/delaying/hindering US response Cyber weapons can be Weapons of Mass Disruption / Mass Effect Anything we can do in Cyberspace can be done to us cheaper and faster Vulnerabilities are open to the world, available to anyone, anywhere, with the capability and intent to exploit them Cyberspace provides the means for organized attacks on our infrastructure, from a distance, at the speed of light

49 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Effects-based Cyber Enterprise Supporting Capabilities Enabling Capabilities Directed Energy Cyber Effects Physical Effects Air Operations Centers Intel Operations Support Network Operations Center Command Control Facilities Multi-Domain Surveillance and Reconnaissance USAF Air Warfare Center Network Infrastructure Maintenance and Logistics Intelligence Centers Material Doctrine and Training Personnel C2ISRC Leadership Sustaining Foundation Programs Intel Operations Network Warfare Global and Theater Electronic Warfare Policy


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