Presentation on theme: "Famous Women in Islamic History"— Presentation transcript:
1 Famous Women in Islamic History Tarek, Abu Noman Moahmmad Imam, Islamic Society of Kingston
2 Muslim Women in History Scholars and MuhaddithatWorshippers and MysticsOrators and PreachersWarriorsBenefactorsWomen of General ExcellencePoetesses and Women of EloquenceMany Women of Political Acumen
3 Some Generalizations About Women in the Prophetic Age Critical ConsciousnessCounselorsWomen and the HijaabWomen at WorkFacility of MovementWomen and Dynamic ParticipationRich, Mature, Helpful, Honorable LivesKnowledgeable
4 KHADIJAH: THE ARCHETYPE Family and CharacterWealth and StatusThe First of the BelieversEsteemed Counselor
5 Famous Companion Women Sumayya - first martyr of IslamUmm Aiman BarakahUmm SalamahFatimaSamra bint Nuhayk al Asadiyya - market inspectorAsh Shifa bint Abdullah - skilled in medicine public administration - Umar appoints her wali of administration of the marketplaceToo many!
6 WARRIOR WOMENTook part in battles by carrying water, nursing wounded, some also fought!Safiyya bint Abdul Muttalib, ras saw aunt killed a spy with a tent poleKhaibar & Umayyah bint Qais & the women of Banu GhifaarThe Yarmuk contingentAzdah bint al Harith: Heroine of Battle of Maisaan - banners made out of headscarves to reinforce the army!THE BLACK KNIGHT: Khawlah bint al-Azwar
7 Nusaibah bint Ka’b al-Ansariyah Al-’AqabahThe Battle of UhudThe Prophet’s Praise - ‘I did not turn right or left in the Battle of Uhud but that I saw her fighting near me.’Her WoundsLater Events: Ridwaan & Yamaamah
8 Muslim Women and Hadith Women An Essential Element From the Beginning to the EndBearing the Light of ‘A’ishahTransmitters of Hadith & Scholars of HadithTransmitters = RaawiyaatFrom the Prophetic Period till the CompilationsScholars = MuhaddithaatFrom the Compilations till the modern age
9 Aishah: The Greatest Woman of Her Age ‘A’ishah’s Breadth‘A’ishah the Scholar of Law‘A’ishah the Giver of Fatwaas [Independent Rulings]Transmitter of Hadith Among The Six Transmitters of 1000 (Aishah 2210)‘A’ishah as Educator and Public Speaker‘A’ishah Teacher of a NationThe Seven Fuqahaa of Madinah [Maalik]‘A’ishah Unmatched in Eloquence and OratoryWhenever we Companions of the Prophet encountered any difficulty in the matter of any hadith we referred it to Aishah and found that she had definite knowledge about it. (Abu Musa al-Ash'ar)
10 Women of Power:The number of women who were politically prominent are well over a hundred: Umayyads, Abbasids, Turks, Persians, Mongols, Indians, and others.Shajar ad-Durr - Sultana est control over Egypt, led resistance against 7th Crusade, captures leader St. LouisShaghab - ruled Abbasid empire for a time, helped public audiences, governors and judges reported to herRadiyah Begum - ruled Delhi took firm control of the gov’t., did justice, led her armies and was famed for fair dealing.Two Rulers in Modern Times: Sakandar Begum took authority in the principality of Bhopal in Central India- Great pilgrimage 1863 daughter ruled until 1901Contemporary times
11 Al Udar al-Karimah Shihaab ad Din Salaah Died 762 H / 1360 CE - VICEGERENT QUEEN OF YAMANLordly Lady of Piety, Goodness, Sharp Intelligence, Decisive Resolve, Calm Forbearance, & Supreme Political AcumenPatroness of Scholars and Upright Men of Religious PietyChampion of the Poor and Needy: She would go secretly from house to house of the poor, seeking to learn their needs and giving them Generous GiftsShe built great schools and mosques in Zabid, Ta’izz, and throughout the landIn the 14 Months of Her Son’s Absence (Jihad to protect the Egypt):She Established Internal Security in YamanShe Established Administrative OrderShe Established JUSTICE throughout the landShe Did Remarkable Good by way of Charity
12 Famous Women Benefactors in Islam Mosque endowments, Great School Builders, Stipulations and TrustsTurkaan Khatuun 487 / 1094, wife of Malik ShahRadiyah Begum of the Dehli SultanateNur Jehan & Jehangir - The Coinage, Helping the People, Hindu ReformSaint of Fez: Fatimah al-Fihriyah d. 265/ 880Her Family and Inheritance, The Qarawiyiin Mosque ProjectAl Andalus mosque in Fez built by sisterBanafshaa’ ar-Rumiyah d. 399 / 1008:Restorer of a City Renovating BaghdadHer Own School and Endowment, Her Special Zakat al-Fitr
13 Zubaidah bt Ja'far b al-Mansur d. 216/831 Wealthiest and most powerful woman in the world of her time.Wife of Harun ar-RashidBenefactor of political acumen and standing.Noble woman. Great wealth. Generosity. Munificence.Great Intellect and profound opinions.Eloquent master of ArabicBuilder of cities and CivilizationMakkah’s Water SupplyThe Pilgrimage RoutePatroness of Writers, Poets, and Physicians - even Christians, the poor the needy, religious scholars and men of piety
14 Famous Women of Knowledge in Islam Law and General Islamic SciencesThe Legacy of the Prophet’s Wives and CompanionsRabi'ah Bint Mu'awwad - great scholar of fiqh, taught ntellectual scholars of MadinaUmm 'Atiyyah - sahabah and learned scholars among the tabi'een used to come to her to learn various aspects of Islamic jurisprudence, narrated many ahadith.A'isha bint Sa'd bint ibn Abi Waqqas - daughter of great Sahabi. She was very learned in Islamic sciences to the point that Imam Malik, Hakim ibn Utaybah and Ayyub as Sakhtiyani, the famous jurists and scholars of ahadith were her pupils.Sayyida Nafisa: Granddaughter of Hasan - A large number of pupils came to her from different places to learn from her. Imam Shafi'i was one of her pupils.Fatima bint Qays - discussed a juristic point with 'Umar and 'A'isha. Imam Nawawi said, "She was one of those who migrated in the early days, and possessed great intellect and excellence.”Hafsa bint Sirin - sister of M. Sirin. Memorized Quran at 12, read 1/2 Quran each night. Prayed and fasted incessantly.
15 Famous Muslim Women Poetess Walladah bint Mustakfi (c C.E.) - daughter of the caliph of Cordoba in Islamic Spain. Cordoba was a tolerant, multicultural society, famous for its many libraries and sophisticated literary life, in which women were often scholars. After her father's death, Walladah inherited enough wealth to guarantee her independence. She was well known as a poet and hosted literary gatherings for both men and women.Nana Asma’u, Maryam bint Sh. Uthman dan Fodio - poems and compendiums on legal commentaries
16 Rabia al Adawiya al Qadsiyya Named rabia 4th girl, orphan, slavery, freed, known as Rabia of BasraRetreated to desert for life of worshipLed a life of poverty and rejected rich marriage offersMany famous ppl came to learn from her including Hasan al BasriRabi'a is probably best known for her emphasis on unselfish love for Allah (swt): loving Allah (swt) only for His sake, and not for fear of punishment or desire of reward. She prayed:"O Allah! If I worship You for fear of Hell, burn me in Hell, and if I worship You in hope of Paradise, exclude me from Paradise. But if I worship You for Your Own sake, grudge me not Your everlasting Beauty. "
17 The Critical Consciousness of the Companion Women What made them amazing?Women are the full sisters of menFull Social and Political ParticipationWork in and outside the HomeSocial ContributionsSocial and Societal MaturityEducation: Obtained Ijazas, attended study circles, taught others, est. institutions
18 Quranic Women Hawwa - not to blame Maryam - Quranic ideal Bilqis - queen of sheeba - consulted advisors, ruled her kingdom, passes judgements, leads her ppl to IslamAsiyaa wife of Firawn, saves MusaWife of Aziz, Ibrahim, LutResponse to women - Mujadilah
19 Contemporary Heroines Zaynab al Ghazali - Return of the PharoahMaryum Jameelah -prolific author, corresponded with MaududiKhadijah HaffajeeShahina SiddiquiIngrid MattsonMaha Genaidi...
20 Conclusions Finding the balance Searching Out the Real Picture Our Need of a Definitive ViewHimaar Miskeen :) - moral for Muslim women of today