Close Quarters Combat CQC Developed By Larry Klahn Copyrighted 2005
2 Learning Objective Personnel will gain the confidence and proficiency in various unarmed defense and offensive techniques to be able to maintain control of themselves in a close quarters combat situation, and in doing so controls the fight
3 Training Goal To gain the skills necessary to stop an attacker Control the enemy Apply restrains Turn the enemy over to other personnel
4 Warrior Mindset & Developing It: Society’s outlook on warriors and perception of self What is the mental picture Duty/mission to survive a conflict How to train to be indomitable and develop the attitude “never give up the fight” Repetition of techniques Esprit de corps
5 Recommended Reading Lt. Col. David Grossman has written two books On Killing and On Combat
6 The Psychology of Conflict Ask oneself – “What am I willing to do to survive?” The answer must be “Anything!” Note: The words Soldier and he or his are used in a unisex manner in this presentation and manual. CQC is for all soldiers regardless of gender, age or mission responsibilities.
7 Importance of a “Just Cause” There is an old saying among warriors that “if the cause be just.” What the “Cause” may be?
8 Anger & Fear in Combat Fear - controlled part of the survival mechanism Anger – keeps you moving, fighting & brain thinking Failure in combat
9 Anger & Fear in Combat Cont. Berserker rage –How is this addressed Static and scenario based training
10 Four Possible Responses to Conflict RRRRetreat SSSSurrender PPPPosture FFFFight
11 Coopers Color Codes Jeff Cooper Jeff Cooper ColorMeaning WhiteUnaware Yellow Aware & Ready to Respond Red Action State-Acting in a decisive & tactical manner Black Blind Panic-No plan, erratic response- hope for the best
13 Verbalization Lose being bashful!!! Verbal stuns (loud command voice yell) stuns the cerebral cortex. This results in the enemy blinking and or flinching giving the soldier the tactical advantage. Striking, how effected?
14 Verbalization Cont… When you yell in a loud heavy command voice Do not fight in silence – by verbalizing/yelling Breath Control Conditioning
15 Verbalization Cont… Specific Commands –Back! –Down! –Stay down !
16 Stress Inoculation “Inoculated into the world of violence” - Grossman - On Killing Specific types of verbalization used in training designed to “stress” Mindset development
17 Remember The purpose of this training is to give the soldier real skills which are simple and effective and can be done in daylight or complete darkness (tactile/feel) and in full battle gear. However – If the soldier has skills learned in other areas – boxing, martial arts, wrestling, football, law enforcement etc. Do not throw away these skills – add CQC to them.
Threat Assessment: Danger signs Body Language – pre attack postures Opening and closing the fists Shoulder shift Muscular tension in the face or shoulders Boxers/fighting stance Exaggerated motion
19 Danger Signs Cont… Exaggerated Breathing Verbal threats Closing the distance to the soldier Thousand yard stare Hands suddenly disappearing behind the back or into clothing
20 Remember to “See” and “Look” Eyes up and Head moving. Really “see” what is out there. Least 100 yards out, not 25 or less. MOVE YOUR HEAD!
21 Vigilance Be vigilant at all times and places Know where cover is when at a FOB or any location Do not assume that any location is secure “Know” where cover is
22 Types of Cover Concealment Concealment Soft Cover Soft Cover Hard Cover Hard Cover
23 Autogenic Breathing Square breathing, tactical breathing, breath control or combat breathing Responses to stress are automatic –Heart rate –Blood pressure –Oxygenation of blood
24 Autogenic Breathing Autogenic breathing is this: breath in deep for a count of 4 –Hold for a count of 4 –Exhale for a count of 4 –Be empty for a count of 4 and repeat
25 Purpose/Mission of CQC “ Bring our soldiers home alive” This is the mandate of CQC and our mission. Train the soldier in the physical and mental skills necessary to survive and win a Close Quarters Engagement.
26 Techniques Taught Must be simple Easy to repeat and retain Mass repetitions until proficient Done and practiced in full combat gear Done while standing, kneeling or on the ground See CQC Manual for the specific techniques
27 Percentage of Soldiers Trained Army Reserve 87% Air Force 13%
28 Secret Training Techniques for Success AAAAmateurs train until they get it right – professionals train until they cannot get it wrong RRRRepetition, Repetition, Repetition NNNNo secrets – no ninja magic – just sound principles applied and practiced
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