Presentation on theme: "Judicial System Preparing for Santa Clara County Superior Courtroom Visit."— Presentation transcript:
Judicial System Preparing for Santa Clara County Superior Courtroom Visit
What’s in this Powerpoint? This powerpoint describes the role of the judicial branch of government as defined in the US. Constitution. The jobs of the judge, jury, attorney, witness, juror, deputy, clerk, court reporter, and bailiff will be explained in preparation for a field trip to the Santa Clara County Superior Court.
The Judical Branch The judicial branch of government interprets laws. There is a judicial branch within national government, state government and county government Our field trip will be at Santa Clara County Superior Court, which is the county level of the judicial branch
The Law 6 th Amendment in Bill of Rights entitles accused criminals to a speedy and fair trial by an impartial jury in the state and district where the crime was committed. The accused has a right to obtain witnesses and have a lawyer represent him/her.
Who will be in the courtroom? In a court of law, there are several people with specific jobs to do. Judge Plaintiff Defendent Jury Attorney Witness Deputy Clerk Court reporter Bailiff
What does the judge do? A judge is an elected or appointed official who conducts court proceedings. Judges must be impartial and strive to properly interpret the meaning, significance, and implications of the law. Judges must also recognize that justice means more than just interpreting the law — they must also show compassion and understanding for the people on both sides of the case.
What does the plaintiff do? A plaintiff is a person who has been harmed in some way and is seeking compensation. The harm may take the form of a financial loss or physical injuries. A company may also start a lawsuit to recover damages for a loss.
What does the defendant do? The defendant is the person being sued by the plaintiff. The defendant is the person in a trial who is accused of a crime.
What does the jury do? A jury is a body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict (decision) in a trial according to the evidence presented.
What does the attorney do? In a court of law, there are two types of attorneys: – A defense attorney defends a client (defendant) against criminal or civil charges. – A prosecuting attorney represents the plaintiff (victim) of a criminal act.
What does the witness do? As a witness to a crime knows something about a particular crime, incident or dispute The witness is asked to answer questions about the plaintiff, the defendant or something related to the trial. – Clarify facts
What does the deputy clerk do? A deputy clerk is an officer of the court whose responsibilities include maintaining the records of a court. Another duty is to administer oaths to witnesses and jurors.
What does the court reporter do? A court reporter must record everything that is said during official court proceedings. Rather than using a pencil and paper or a regular word processor that has a full keyboard, the court reporter uses a stenographic machine that has just 22 keys. Using those 22 keys, a court reporter can make symbols on a narrow strip of paper in the stenographic machine to record what is said in court. The stenographic machine has a computer to help convert the symbols into English.
What does the bailiff do? A Bailiff provides security in courtrooms. – They check courtrooms to make sure they are safe. They look for concealed guns, bombs, or other hazards. – They also make sure courtrooms are clean. As people enter the room, bailiffs make sure they are not carrying guns. When they find unauthorized weapons, bailiffs take them and store them in a safe location. Bailiffs announce the entrance of judges into courtrooms. Bailiffs also inform people of courtroom rules and enforce those rules. For example, they may tell people they are not allowed to smoke in the room or that their conversations are interrupting court proceedings. During trials, bailiffs maintain order in the room. They prevent people from entering while judges are instructing juries. They also make sure people watching trials do not talk to the jury. Bailiffs may remove or arrest people who do not cooperate. In addition, they restrain people watching trials who act aggressively when they dislike decisions. If needed, bailiffs contact the sheriff's office for help. In case of medical emergencies, they contact medical staff.