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 The constitution was planned on certain principles (basic truth, law, or assumption)  The 6 principles are ◦ Popular Sovereignty ◦ Limited Government.

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Presentation on theme: " The constitution was planned on certain principles (basic truth, law, or assumption)  The 6 principles are ◦ Popular Sovereignty ◦ Limited Government."— Presentation transcript:

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2  The constitution was planned on certain principles (basic truth, law, or assumption)  The 6 principles are ◦ Popular Sovereignty ◦ Limited Government ◦ Separation of Powers ◦ Checks and Balances ◦ Judicial Review ◦ Federalism

3  The Preamble of the Constitution begins with this bold phrase: “We the people….” These words tell people that in the US, the people establish the government and give it its power.  Definition: people hold all power because they elect the leaders of the national and state governments

4  The Constitution sets limits on the power the government has  Government must obey the law according to the principles of the Constitution  The government and its officers are never above the law

5  Government power is not only limited; it is also divided  Constitution assigns power to each of the three branches  Legislative (Congress)- makes the laws  Executive (President)- enforces the laws  Judicial (Federal Courts)- interprets the laws  Separation of powers prevents a misuse of power by any of the three branches

6  Limits are placed on each branch to prevent one branch from becoming too powerful  These limits extend the restrictions established by the separation of powers  Branches have the authority to restrain the actions of either of the two branches  Prevents tyranny by one branch

7  Supreme Court decides whether a branch has overstepped their limits  They review the governmental actions and cancel (nullify) any that are unconstitutional

8  Definition: government system in which power is divided between the national and state governments  Both levels have their own agencies and pass laws that affect citizens  Helps keep the national government powerful but not too powerful to threaten the state governments


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