Signs and Symptoms of bath salt abuse, or addiction Blurry or red eyes Enlarged pupils Rapid movements with the hands and body Increased speech (talking a mile a minute) Decreased appetite Paranoia Poor Hygiene Insomnia
Medical Intervention Extreme Agitation Hallucinations and Delusions Chest Pain Suicidal Thoughts High BP Acute Toxicity Hyperthermia Delirium Violent Behavior Foaming at the mouth Extreme Paranoia Delusional paracitosis Parkinson Twitching Insomnia
Observations Hostile, violent, unpredictable, out of control, paranoid, and reckless Officer described one suspect as having unusual superhuman strength. Officer described suspect as shooting off the ground like a “flash of light.” One suspect bent the hinged handcuffs during the arrest.
November 2010 - Louisiana man sliced his throat and said, "I can't handle what this drug has done to me. I'm never going to touch anything again." Hours later he shot and killed himself when he had visions of army men swarming his house. December 2010 - Mississippi man shot and killed Tippah County Deputy Sheriff DeWayne Crenshaw at a disturbance call. It took six men more than half an hour to wrestle the man into an ambulance. He ripped through gurney straps and heavy medical tape.
January 2011 - Florida woman attacked and attempted to behead her 71 year-old mother with a machete. March 2011 - Pennsylvania man broke into a monastery and stabbed a priest. March 2011 - Pennsylvania couple almost slashed their 5 year-old daughter with knives as they attacked “voices in the walls”. April 2011 - Washington man killed himself, his wife and their five-year-old son.
May 2011 - West Virginia man killed his neighbor's goat. Man was found semi-dressed in women's clothing in his bedroom with blood everywhere. The goat was dead on the floor next to a pornographic photo. June 2011 - Indiana man climbed a roadside flagpole and jumped into traffic. July 2011 - Arizona man seriously burned his child’s hands because the child had touched his Bible. The man stated that voices told him the child was possessed.
July 2011 – Maine man was running around and yelling at people. The man charged at an officer, resisted arrest, broke off an antenna from a police car, and used it to smash the rear windshield. The man was taken to a hospital, where he died three hours after the incident. September 2011 - South Carolina man was arrested after shooting out of the windows of a house while claiming that there was a body inside. There was no body inside.
May 2012 - Ohio man fired at police when they interrupted him while he was breaking into his own house. Police fired back and wounded him. February 2012 - Florida man bit the hood of a police cruiser when police attempted to restrain him. May 2012 - Ohio man was shot and killed by police after he held a knife to his girlfriend's neck. May 2012 - Florida man ate the face off of a homeless person and growled at officers before being shot & killed. Bath salts are suspected.
Office National Drug Control Policy Similar to the adverse effects of cocaine, LSD and methamphetamine, bath salt use is associated with increased heart rate and blood pressure, extreme paranoia, hallucinations, and violent behavior, which causes users to harm themselves or others.
On October 21, 2011, DEA exercised its emergency scheduling authority to control some of the synthetic substances used to manufacture bath salts; these synthetic stimulants are now designated as Schedule I substances.
The Synthetic Drug Control Act (HR 1254) was approved by the House of Representatives on December 8, 2011. The Department of Justice has issued a “views letter” in support of the Act.
The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 amends the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) to allow the Attorney General to place a substance temporarily in Schedule I when it is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety (21 U.S.C. § 811(h)).
Basis For Detention A law enforcement officer cause to believe drug dependent (a) A law enforcement officer or other person authorized to take a child into custody under ch. 48 or to take a juvenile into custody under ch. 938 may take an individual into custody if the officer or person has cause to believe that the individual is mentally ill, is drug dependent, or is developmentally disabled, and that the individual evidences any of the following:
A substantial probability of physical harm to himself or herself as manifested by evidence of recent threats of or attempts at suicide or serious bodily harm
A substantial probability of physical harm to other persons as manifested by evidence of recent homicidal or other violent behavior on his or her part, or by evidence that others are placed in reasonable fear of violent behavior and serious physical harm to them, as evidenced by a recent overt act, attempt or threat to do serious physical harm on his or her part.
A substantial probability of physical impairment or injury to himself or herself due to impaired judgment, as manifested by evidence of a recent act or omission.
Behavior, due to drug dependency exists that death, serious physical injury, serious physical debilitation, or serious physical disease will imminently ensue unless the individual receives prompt and adequate treatment drug dependency Behavior manifested by a recent act or omission that, due to drug dependency he or she is unable to satisfy basic needs for nourishment, medical care, shelter, or safety without prompt and adequate treatment so that a substantial probability exists that death, serious physical injury, serious physical debilitation, or serious physical disease will imminently ensue unless the individual receives prompt and adequate treatment for this mental illness or drug dependency
The officer's or other person's belief shall be based on any of the following
A specific recent overt act or attempt or threat to act or omission by the individual which is observed by the officer or person
A specific recent overt act or attempt or threat to act or omission by the individual which is reliably reported to the officer or person by any other person, including any probation, extended supervision and parole agent authorized by the department of corrections to exercise control and supervision over a probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision.
Resources Drug Policy Information: http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp Drug Enforcement Administration: http://www.justice.gov/dea/pubs/pressrel/pr030111.ht ml National Institute on Drug Abuse: http://www.drugabuse.gov/infofacts/Spice.html American Association of Poison Control Centers: http://www.aapcc.org/dnn/default.aspx Congressional Research Service: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42066.pdf http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp http://www.justice.gov/dea/pubs/pressrel/pr030111.ht ml http://www.drugabuse.gov/infofacts/Spice.html http://www.aapcc.org/dnn/default.aspx http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42066.pdf
Contact Information Detective Sergeant Sara Gardner email@example.com Office: 715-361-5160 cell: 715-493-1110