Presentation on theme: "Bell Work Bell Work “These principles form the bright constellation which has gone before us and guided our steps through an age of revolution and reformation.”"— Presentation transcript:
1Bell WorkBell Work“These principles form the bright constellation which has gone before us and guided our steps through an age of revolution and reformation.”Who do you think wrote this?What do you think they are talking about in each phrase? Break it down and have thoughts ready!Get BooksGet Clickers
2Chapter 3 Outline Tues. Bell Work Chapter 3: The Constitution Get Book: Have Jobs and policies out and ready for checkingChapter 3: The ConstitutionSix basic principles (1day)Formal Amendment (1day)Constitutional Change by other means (1day)
3Section 1 What are the important elements of the constitution? What are the six basic principles of the constitution
4Outline of the constitution The constitution sets out the basic principles upon which government in the U.S. was builtThe Constitution is a fairly brief documentOrganized into eight sectionsThe Preamble and seven articlesOriginal document followed by 27 amendments
5Articles of the Constitution (760-75) SectionSubjectSummary/FactsPreamblePurpose of Const.Article ILeg. BranchArticle IIExecutive BranchArticle IIIJudicial BranchArticle IVArticle VArticle VIArticle VIIRatifying the Const.
6Summary/Facts for Articles Article #1-3 (Branch powers)Establishes the power granted to the 3 branchesArticle 4 (State Relations)Relationships among the states and w/the national government: states will accept others laws and citizens will treat each other equally across state lines
7Summary/Facts for Articles Article 5 (Amending)Outlines the method for changing or amending the constitutionArticle 6 (Supreme law)Talks about assuming all prior debts (old). It sets the Constitution and all laws and treaties of the U.S. to be the supreme law of the country. Requires all officers of the U.S. and of the states to swear an oath of allegianceArticle 7 (Ratification)Outlines the method for ratifying the Constitution
8Basic Principles The Constitution is built on Six basic principles These principles have been an enduring and flexible guide for governing our nation for over 200 years
9Basic Principles Popular Sovereignty Limited Government “We the people”Asserts the “people” are the source of any and all government power.Idea that government can exist only with the consent of the governedLimited GovernmentGovernment has only as much authority as the people give it.Government is restricted in what it can doConstitution is made up of specific limitations on government powerEach individual has rights the government cannot take away
10Basic Principles Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Three branches of government are independent and coequalIntended to prevent misuse of power by one branchChecks and BalancesAllows branches to check or restrain the actions of one anotherEach branch has built in authority over another.Prevents tyranny (misuse) by one branchKnow and understand concept on pg.68
11Basic Principles Judicial Review Federalism Court has power to determine constitutionality of governments actionsHolds government responsible to the constitutionFederalismPowers divided b.t. central government and smaller local governments.Ensures Central government is powerful enough to be effective, but not enough to overpower the states/citizens.
12Lesson Closing Due tomorrow at beginning of class This will either be HW or Class-workMake either a cartoon/sketch, or web diagram showing one of the basic principles of the constitution
13Game outline Class divided into 6 teams (3 for per.4) Each team gets one of the 6 basic principlesYour team needs to Write/Draw three clues for that principle. (Written clues have 2 word max)These clues are either in “password” or “charades” form. I.E. 1 word clues: dog…..sound…=bark3 Clues will be assigned 1, 2, or 3 pts for difficulty.Hand in completed index cards.Game:Each player from a team will come up and draw from the pile of cluesIf that player cannot place the clue under the correct Principle, then they may ask a teammate to come up and help for ½ the pointsIf a player yells or attempts to contact another player for help during any part of the game, that attempt is done and the card will be placed back in the stack.Team w/ most points at end wins automatic 100% grade and treat on MondayThis is a project grade in the grade-book and your participation, behavior, or lack of participation will all be taken into account!
14Bell Work. L-J #1 Bell Work Schedule Read Face the Issues on pg. 71 Answer ?s: TPSScheduleWhat are the different ways to formally amend the constitutionHow many times has it been changed?What is the bill of rights
15Face the IssuesWhy do supporters of gun rights point to early English law to support their arguments?To show that the 2nd amendment has roots in the 1600s, and that the right to bear arms to defend oneself was part of English law the constitution was based on.Is public safety a sound reason for limiting constitutional rights? Why/why not?Public safety could be sound reasoning to limit the 2nd amendment b/c provides the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
16Amending the Constitution The constitution provides for its own amendment; a changing in its written words.Article V: Read Article V on pg. 770Sets out two methods for the proposal of an amendment and two methods for the ratification of amendmentsCreating four possible methods of formal amendment to the constitution
17Amendment ProcessProposed by 2/3 vote in each house of congress and ratified (formally approved) by ¾ of state legislatures (26/27 amendments)Proposed by 2/3 vote in congress and ratified by ¾ of state legislatures in a convention called for that purpose21st amendment
18Amendment ProcessAmendment proposed by national convention called by congress at request of 2/3 of state legislatures, then ratified by ¾ of state legislatures (never done)Proposed by national convention at request of 2/3 of state legislatures, then ratified by conventions in ¾ of statesMethod in which Constitution was adopted
19Amendment Process Look at Diagram on pg. 75 and answer question How does the formal amendment process illustrate federalism?Both the national and state governments are involved in the process.
20Bill of Rights 1st ten amendments to the constitution Set out constitutional guarantees of various freedomsBelief and expressionFreedom and security of the personFair and equal treatment before the lawRead The later amendments and outline some of the major amendments.
22Bell WorkBell Work: Look up and be able to answer these questions with your table partner (s)What are the three broad freedoms protected by the bill of rights?Belief and expressionFreedom and security of the personFair and equal treatment before the lawHow many amendments to the constitution? What are 1st 10?27: first ten are bill of rightsDescribe 2 of 4 methods of formal amendmentProposed 2/3 house, ratified by ¾ of statesProposed 2/3 of house, ratified by conventions in ¾ statesnat’l convention 2/3, ratified by ¾ statesnat’l convention 2/3, ratified by conventions in ¾ states
233.3 Key IdeaThe 27 formal amendments have not been as important a part in shaping, and keeping up to date, the constitution as many think. Realistically informal changes that have taken place as a result of the day-day and year-year activities of the government are most important!!
243.3 Lecture Activity Becoming Experts!! You will separate into assigned groups. Each group will have a recorder, leader, and presenter (or 2) that need to be identified early in the group.Once you have your sheet completed come record it on the boardGroup OneBasic LegislationGroup TwoExecutive and Judicial ActionsGroup ThreeParty Practices and Customs
25Legislation Important in two ways Has passed a number of laws that helped spell out several of the constitutions brief provisionsExamples include est. lower courts, est. the many executive offices, and est. succession of presidency is the v.p. died as wellHas added to the constitution by passing many laws over areas the constitution granted it power.Especially foreign/interstate commerce.
26Executive and Judicial Executive offices effectUse of implied powers or by “scooting” by with outside powers granted them.Power to declare war only to congress in Constitution; but president is Commander in Chief and he can then use the armed forces w/out declaration by congressUse of executive agreements: used instead of treaties to avoid needing senate approvalJudicialHave the ability to interpret and apply the constitution to laws. Can declare laws unconstitutional Established Supreme court as superior authority
27Party Practices/Customs Everything in government is ran through some sort of party linesNational conventions (never outlined in constitution) are now the ways presidents are nominatedElectoral college is now the final approval for the president; far from what it was initially intended.CustomsIntroduction of the cabinet is the biggest example of how they have changed the constitutionSenatorial Courtesy is another example