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Thursday, August 29, 2013 US History 1. We are continuing the test, but just the WRITING part – only 30 minutes 2. Write the following questions in your.

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Presentation on theme: "Thursday, August 29, 2013 US History 1. We are continuing the test, but just the WRITING part – only 30 minutes 2. Write the following questions in your."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thursday, August 29, 2013 US History 1. We are continuing the test, but just the WRITING part – only 30 minutes 2. Write the following questions in your notes. We will use them after the Writing. 3. Get ready to move to the Auditorium, again!! 02 Prior Knowledge 1.Which European nations(s) established colonies along the Atlantic Coast of North America? 2.Which European nation(s) established colonies in the center of North America? 3.Which European nation(s) established colonies in the Southern end of North American? 4.Which European nation(s) establish colonies in the Northern part of North America?

2 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 This chapter will cover how and why Europeans established colonies in the Americas. Chapter Introduction Section 1: Spain’s Empire in the Americas Section 2: The French Empire Section 3: England’s Southern Colonies Section 4: The New England Colonies Section 5: The Middle Colonies

3 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 Explain Spanish explorers’ achievements. Describe Spanish society in New Spain and Peru. Evaluate the causes and effects of Spanish imperial policies in the American Southwest. Objectives How did Spain strengthen its colonies in the Americas?

4 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 Europeans Explore the Americas, 1497–1682

5 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 WealthReligion Using the wealth from its colonies, Spain began an aggressive military policy in Europe. The Dutch, French, and English sought their own riches. Religious differences between Catholic and Protestants split Europe. Southern Europe remained Catholic and Northern Europe, including England, became Protestant. Divisions among European nations caused conflict. The conflict was carried to the new colonies in the Americas. Explain Spanish explorers’ achievements.

6 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 New Spain: Present- day Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Peru: All of present- day South America except for Brazil To protect its colonies, Spain organized its territory in the Americas into two viceroyalties or sections. Explain Spanish explorers’ achievements.

7 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 The viceroys shared power with a Crown- appointed council and the Catholic archbishop. The Spanish king appointed viceroys to rule New Spain and Peru. Spain did not permit elected assemblies in their colonies. Explain Spanish explorers’ achievements.

8 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 ConquistadorNorth American Area Explored Hernando DeSoto Present-day Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas Francisco Vásquez de Coronado Present-day Rio Grande valley, Kansas Pedro Menendez de Avilés Destroyed French base in Florida, established St. Augustine Spain also sent conquistadors in the 1500s to North America to claim land that became part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Explain Spanish explorers’ achievements.

9 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 The Spanish built a fort at San Luis, the western capital of the Spanish colonies in Florida. Explain Spanish explorers’ achievements.

10 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 To control the people in the colonies, the Spaniards developed a system of racial hierarchy or racial levels, known as castas. The main social levels were: Viceroy and nobility Spaniards and other Europeans Enslaved Africans and Indians Describe Spanish society in New Spain and Peru.

11 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 Characteristics of a Spanish Colony Catholic friars established missions in each colony. Spanish soldiers built forts near the missions. The friars made Indians worship as Catholics and prevented the Indians from using their traditional katsina figures in worship. Indians had to work for the friars and Spanish settlers, build churches, and adopt Spanish ways. Describe Spanish society in New Spain and Peru. Evaluate the causes and effects of Spanish imperial policies in the American Southwest.

12 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 Many Indians died from diseases they got from the Spanish. Conditions between the Spanish and the Indians worsened in the 1600s. In the Spanish colony of New Mexico, 23,000 Pueblo died between 1638 and The friars used Spanish soldiers to frighten the Indians into adopting Spanish ways. Evaluate the causes and effects of Spanish imperial policies in the American Southwest.

13 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 Fed up with Spanish rule, the Pueblo revolted against the Spanish and destroyed and plundered missions, farms, and ranches. A Pueblo leader, Popé, led the revolt. Spanish settlers and missionaries fled to the southern section of present-day New Mexico. Evaluate the causes and effects of Spanish imperial policies in the American Southwest.

14 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 Because he encouraged the Pueblo to follow the old ways, he was publicly whipped by the Spanish. Popé convinced the Apaches to join him in revolt. In 1680, they defeated the Spanish. For twelve years, Popé governed the Pueblo. Popé was a Pueblo shaman, or spiritual leader, in New Mexico. Evaluate the causes and effects of Spanish imperial policies in the American Southwest.

15 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 Sometime before 1690 Popé died. Within three years, the Spanish reclaimed New Mexico. The bloody conflict between the Pueblo and Spanish taught each side to compromise. Pueblo accepted Spanish authority Spanish practiced greater restrain toward Pueblo They worked together against warring Indian tribes. Evaluate the causes and effects of Spanish imperial policies in the American Southwest.

16 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 Missions Explorers Presidios Native Americans run by friars expanded empire conquered natives victims of disease & violence forced to convert & work forts built by soldiers converted Indians DeSoto, Coronado, Avilés banned worship of katsinas protected the missions served as military bases Popé’s rebellion

17 The Cold War BeginsSpain’s Empire in the Americas Section 1 How did Spain strengthen its colonies in the Americas? In the 1500s, Spain gained control of lands rich in gold and silver in the Caribbean and North and South America. Soon other European nations vied for territory to build colonies in the Americas. Explain Spanish explorers’ achievements. Describe Spanish society in New Spain and Peru. Evaluate the causes and effects of Spanish imperial policies in the American Southwest.


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