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Why Do Engineers Exist (in Canada)?

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Presentation on theme: "Why Do Engineers Exist (in Canada)?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Why Do Engineers Exist (in Canada)?

2 Quebec Bridge Disaster
Images courtesy of wikipedia 1907 Collapse Popular Mechanics: A Major Engineering Achievement

3 Quebec Bridge Disaster
Image courtesy of wikipedia 1916 Collapse

4 Quebec Bridge Disaster
Engineer never visited the site, worked by proxy from New York Drawings were modified without recalculations or mathematical appraisal Once first accident occurred: government took control Defective casting caused the second collapse Note, all information presented here is somewhat unsubstantiated by record

5 The Iron Ring 1922 Following the Quebec Bridge Disaster to establish standard of practice/ethics for engineers Professor Herbert Haultain: University of Toronto Rudyard Kipling: Noted Author/Poet Formed the Corporation of the Seven Wardens Administrate the ceremony Maintain the ritual Local camps in each major hub of engineering across the country

6 Professional Engineers Act R.S.O. 1990, Chapter P.28
"practice of professional engineering" means any act of planning, designing, composing, evaluating, advising, reporting, directing or supervising that requires the application of engineering principles and concerns the safeguarding of life, health, property, economic interests, the public welfare or the environment, or the managing of any such act; ("exercice de la profession d'ingénieur")

7 What do Engineers Do? Solve Problems Technical Solutions
Design Mathematics Physics Technical Solutions Physical Infrastructure, Agriculture, Power Medical, Aeronautic, Radio, Nuclear Create the future!

8 How do Engineers do what they do?
Design The engineering problem solving method Apply Science Use theories to describe the problem Use Math Ensure the problem and theory works (and make sure it won’t explode or fall apart)

9 Spot an Engineer! The Iron Ring Canadian Ritual Since 1922
Symbol of professionalism Canadian Ritual Since 1922 Championed by H. E. T Haultain, University of Toronto Written by Rudyard Kipling

10 The Oath I _____ in the presence of these my betters and my equals in my Calling, bind myself upon my Honour and Cold Iron, that, to the best of my knowledge and power, I will not henceforward suffer or pass, or by privy to the passing of Bad Workmanship or Faulty Material in aught that concerns my works before mankind as an Engineer, or in my dealings with my own Soul before my Maker. MY TIME I will not refuse; my Thought I will not grudge; my Care I will not deny towards the honour, use, stability and perfection of any works to which I may be called to set my hand. MY FAIR WAGES for that work I will openly take. My Reputation in my Calling I will honourably guard; but I will in no way go about to compass or wrest judgment or gratification from any one with whom I may deal. And further, I will early and warily strive my uttermost against professional jealousy or the belittling of my working-colleagues in any field of their labour. FOR MY ASSURED FAILURES and derelictions, I ask pardon beforehand of my betters and my equals in my Calling here assembled; praying that in the hour of my temptations, weakness and weariness, the memory of this my Obligation and of the company before who it was entered into, may return to me to aid, comfort and restrain.

11 Engineers vs. Architects
Industrial vs. Residential Buildings of record Structural vs. Aesthetic Scope of practice Science vs. Art Required knowledge and training

12 Famous Canadian Engineers

13 Alexander Graham Bell 1847 – 1922 Invented the telephone
Hydrofoil pioneer

14 Sir Sanford Fleming 1827 – 1915 Canada’s Postage Stamp
Canadian Pacific Railway Intercontinental Railway Founding Member of the Royal Society of Canada

15 John Hopps 1919 – 1998 At the University of Toronto’s Banting Institute Alongside Toronto General Hospital Surgeons Invented the External Pacemaker

16 Elizabeth MacGill 1905 – 1980 First Female Electrical Engineering Degree in Canada First Female Aeronautical Engineering Degree in North America Hawker Hurricane Weather Designer Maple Leaf Trainer Designer

17 Other Famous Modern Engineers
Alfred Nobel Dynamite Neil Armstrong First man on the moon Edwin Armstrong FM Radio Joseph Bombardier Snowmobile George de Mestral Velcro Nikola Tesla AC Power transmission

18 Becoming an Engineer

19 1. High School 70-90% average (depending on the university)
Required Courses (prerequisites): ENG4U English (ENG3U, ENG2D, ENG1D or P) MCV4U Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U) MHF4U Advanced Functions (MCR3U, MPM2D, MPM1D or H) SCH4U Chemistry (SCH3U, SNC2D, SNC1D or P) SPH4U Physics (SPH3U, SNC2D, SNC1D or P) 1 U or M Course

20 1. High School Examples of 1 U or M Course at the grade 12 level (prerequisites): TDJ4M Technological Design (TDJ3M) ICS4U Computer Science (ICS3U) TGJ4M Communications Technology (TGJ3M) TEJ4M Computer Engineering Technology (TEJ3M) BAT4M Financial Accounting Principles (BAF3M) AVI4M Visual Arts (AVM3M, AVI2O or AVI1O) EWC4U The Writer’s Craft (ENG3U) ETS4U Studies in Literature (ENG3U)

21 2. University 4 year bachelor’s degree from a Canadian University (B.Eng, B.Eng.Sc, B.App.Sc) accredited by Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board Programs are accredited by discipline (not a complete list): Agricultural, Chemical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, Engineering Physics, Materials, Mechanical, Metallurgical, Mineral, Mining, Petroleum, Geological, Geomatics, Oil and Gas, Surveying, Manufacturing, Industrial, Sustainable and Renewable Energy, Biomedical, Biological, Water Resources, Food, Systems Design, Building, Forest, Ocean and Naval Architectural, Integrated, Space

22 2. University Fulfill Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board’s requirements Each University will have done so, and be accredited for a certain amount of time Accreditation allows for easy passage onto the next stage of the licensure process by the provincial regulator Otherwise/International Graduate: Competency examinations (up to 18)

23 3. Professional Practice Exam (PPE)
Provincial test of law and ethics Knowledge and defence of the law Understanding of the application of the code of ethics Draws from cases published in the blue pages (disciplinary section) of Engineering Dimensions, the provincial newsletter of the APEO

24 4. Engineering Intern First step in the licensing process
Post-nominal letters EI Limited ability to practice under the supervision of a P.Eng to gain the required 4 years of experience Up to 12 months of your undergraduate post-second year experience can count towards the 4 years

25 5. Professional Engineering License
Post-nominal letters P.Eng Stamp, to certify drawings have met with approval (must be signed to be valid) 4 years of practice + CEAB Degree/International Experience and Exams + PPE + References of Character = License

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