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The Constitution of the United States of America The Convention and a Basic Introduction to Constitutional Principles.

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Presentation on theme: "The Constitution of the United States of America The Convention and a Basic Introduction to Constitutional Principles."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Constitution of the United States of America The Convention and a Basic Introduction to Constitutional Principles

2 SWBAT 1)Describe the two compromises regarding the branches of government and the issue of slavery. 2)Describe and explain the role of each of the Three Branches of the US government. 3)Explain principles of Checks and Balances and give examples of how each branch is effected by the others. 4)Discuss how the Constitution a)Prevents a Tyranny (protects our rights) b)Restrains a Mob (keeps us safe/free)

3 Articles of Confederation – __________! Proved unable to handle the affairs of a new nation Insufficient power to prevent “__________” – Shay’s rebellion Federal or even other states couldn’t prevent a _________ (king) in any particular state

4 Convention to discuss changes to the Articles of Confederation _____________, ____________, the convention began. _________________ was elected to be President of the convention. Quickly decided that the AoC could not be fixed and a _____________ ______ was to be written. Decided the talks would be held in ________ to allow for open discussion and ________________ against it.

5 Guiding Principles of the Convention Prevent a tyrant Restrain the mob Write: Why are tyrants (political or economic) and mobs bad?

6 Main Points of Discussion The ________ were too strong and a weak __________ government might allow a state tyranny to arise The national government needed more _______, especially to ____ Disagreements about: – Representation: _____ states vs. ________ states Do it by population or by state? – ___________ – its very existence

7 The First Suggested Plan ______________: James Madison Create _________ Branches:  __________ (Two House) Legislature States represented in two houses, per population Lower House elected by the people according to population Upper House to be elected by Lower House. Give the houses power to tax, regulate trade (commerce), make laws  __________ – president and his advisors  ________ – national court system

8 FYI: Who is James Madison? March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836 He was of very slight stature (5-4) and weighed only about 100 pounds An American statesman, political theorist and the fourth President of the United States (1809–1817). He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for being instrumental in the drafting of the United States Constitution and as the key champion and author of the United States Bill of Rights. Madison was crucial in persuading George Washington to attend the convention, since he knew how important the popular general would be to the adoption of a constitution. After the constitution had been drafted, Madison became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify it. His collaboration with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay produced The Federalist Papers (1788). Federalist Papers: circulated only in New York at the time, they would later be considered among the most important writings in support of the Constitution. He was also a delegate to the Virginia constitutional ratifying convention, and was instrumental to the successful ratification effort in Virginia. Like most of his contemporaries, Madison changed his political views during his life. During the drafting and ratification of the constitution, he favored a strong national government, though later he grew to favor stronger state governments, before settling between the two extremes late in his life.

9 The Second Plan ________________: Three branches of Government ____________ (One House) Legislature Each state gets _____ vote – limits _________ _______ states against ________ states Give the House the power to ______and ____________ (control, make rules, oversee)

10 Compare VA & NJ Plans

11 The Great __________ After weeks of _______ and small states threatening to quit, a compromise was reached The Legislature would be ______________ _______________________: each state gets 1 Representative per __________ residents. __________: each state gets _____ Senators, elected by the state governments (this will change). This satisfies the small state concern of being out-voted due to population

12 Slavery How would ________ be represented? Southern states wanted them counted for __________ in the H of R, but not for _______ (they certainly could not vote) _____________ states wanted them counted for taxing but not representation (since they were __________). Southern states threatened to drop out of the USA if slavery or the slave trade were __________.

13 Compromises over Slavery The _____________________: 3/5 of the slave population would be counted for both __________ purposes and for ____________ in the House of Representatives.

14 Compromises over Slavery The ____________ of slaves into the USA would not be interfered with by the national government for _____ years, which ended up being In 1808, slave ______ was ended, but ________ continued within the boundaries of the United States until the ________

15 Three Branches

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