Presentation on theme: "Open Access to Research in the United Kingdom Organic.Edunet Conference, Budapest Jackie Wickham Open Access Adviser Centre for Research Communications."— Presentation transcript:
Open Access to Research in the United Kingdom Organic.Edunet Conference, Budapest Jackie Wickham Open Access Adviser Centre for Research Communications University of Nottingham
Presentation Outline What is open access? UK landscape Attitudes to OA in the UK Role of the Repositories Support Project
What is Open Access “Open Access (OA) means that scholarly literature is made freely available on the internet, so that it can be read, downloaded, copied, distributed, printed, searched, text mined, or used for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal or technical barriers, subject to proper attribution of authorship.” Research Information Network, June 2010
Routes to OA - Gold Image by Warren Pilkington, zawtowers, Flickr
Routes to OA - Green Some text details of that Some more text Another idea More stuff detail 1 detail 2 Image by Rojabro, Flickr
Why it’s important Access in the developing world Increased readership and citation http://www.ifla.org/files/hq/papers/ifla75/101- kousha-en.pdf http://www.ifla.org/files/hq/papers/ifla75/101- kousha-en.pdf Quicker dissemination Secure storage Better discoverability (indexed by Google) Encourages collaboration
Permission to archive Summary: 62% of publishers listed in RoMEO formally allow some form of self-archiving.
Repositories in the UK Some text details of that Some more text Another idea More stuff detail 1 detail 2
OA and agriculture research 16 universities and research centres in UK All but one provide some form of OA Institutional repository Subject repository e.g. OpenFields, Organic Eprints Web pages Caveat –in repositories some items are metadata only.
Mandates Research Councils UK supports principle of OA (but does not mandate) BBSRC requires research to be deposited at the “earliest available opportunity”. UK PubMed Central – practically all public funded biomedical and health research has to be OA within 6 months of publication. 18 HE institutions have a mandate in the UK (Source ROARMAP 5/08/10)
Researchers attitudes “If your employer or research funder REQUIRED you to deposit copies of your articles in an open archive, what would be your reaction? (Response from agriculture authors) Swan, A and Brown, S. (2005) Open Access self-archiving: An author study (Key Perspectives Limited, Cornwall, UK), http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10999/1/jisc2.pdf
Researchers attitudes “Open access and open source – like students of other ages, Generation Y researchers express a desire for an all- embracing, seamless accessible research information network in which restrictions to access do not restrain them. However, the annual report demonstrates that most Generation Y students do not have a clear understanding of what open access means and this negatively impacts their use of open access resources, so this is an area to be followed up in the next year.” Researchers of tomorrow – Annual Report 2009/2010, June 2010 (JISC/British Library 3 year study)
Economic case for Open Access Savings for HE – £115 million per year Increased returns on investment in R & D up to £170 million Impact agenda Houghton et al (2009) Economic implications of alternative scholarly publishing models: exploring the costs and benefits http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/rpteconomicoapublishing.pdf Swan, A. (2010) Modelling scholarly communication options: Costs and benefits for universities http://ie- repository.jisc.ac.uk/442/2/Modelling_scholarly_communication_report_final1.pdf
Repositories Support Project - Objectives more repositories in higher education institutions in England, Wales and Northern Ireland more content in existing repositories more types of content in existing repositories closer integration of repositories into institutional information systems promotion of best practice and standards investigation of the new role of institutions in research output curation and access
What we do – information and communication Website Blog Briefing papers
UKCoRR UK Council of Research Repositories - www.ukcorr.org A group for repository managers by repository managers An independent professional body to allow repository managers to share experiences and discuss issues of common concern To give repository managers a group voice in national discussions and policy development independent of projects or temporary initiatives To grow together as a community and learn from each other’s experiences Mailing list. 215 members (August 2010)
Links Centre for Research Communications http://crc.nottingham.ac.uk http://crc.nottingham.ac.uk Repositories Support Project www.rsp.ac.ukwww.rsp.ac.uk RoMEO www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ JULIET www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/ OpenDoar www.opendoar.orgwww.opendoar.org JISC www.jisc.ac.ukwww.jisc.ac.uk UKCoRR www.ukcorr.orgwww.ukcorr.org
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