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Health Education and the Law By Former Students. Common Health Problems.

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Presentation on theme: "Health Education and the Law By Former Students. Common Health Problems."— Presentation transcript:

1 Health Education and the Law By Former Students

2 Common Health Problems

3 Asthma 0 Description 0 Chronic inflammation disorder of the airways 0 breathlessness and wheezing. 0 Causes 0 Allergic (pollen, feathers, dust mites, pet dander, second hand smoke) 0 Non-allergic (stress, anxiety, exercise, cold or viral particles in the air) 0 Symptoms 0 Coughing, irregular breathing, wheezing, fever, stomach and chest pain, unusual fatigue. 0 Treatment 0 Calm down, drink fluids, inhaler. 0 Educational considerations 0 Teachers must be informed of any specific allergies, types of reactions, and how to handle any problems. 0 Prognosis 0 Can be treated with medication and return to normal activity.

4 Diabetes 0 Description 0 Body not producing or using the hormone, insulin. 0 Environmental and behavioral factors. 0 Type 1: Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus 0 Type 2: Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus 0 Causes 0 Lack of insulin production/ inadequate use of insulin in bloodstream 0 Symptoms 0 Excessive eating, drinking, urination, weakness, nausea, weight loss, dry skin, blurred vision, constipation, abdominal pain 0 Treatment 0 Insulin injections or pump, diet, exercise. 0 Educational Considerations 0 School nurse and parent communication, participation in all school activities (pump), observant teacher. 0 Prognosis 0 With regular exercise, weight management, and monitoring of blood kids can lead a normal life.

5 Epilepsy/ Seizure Disorder 0 Description: 0 Disturbances in normal electrical functions of the brain. 0 Nerve functions interrupted by intermittent bursts of intense electrical energy. 0 Causes: 0 Birth 0 Exposure to toxic agents, infections or structural abnormalities. 0 Symptoms: 0 Convulsion, fever, blackout, confused memory, fainting spells, in which 0 bladder or bowel control is lost, blank staring, periods of no response, 0 muscle jerks of arms, legs or body. 0 Treatment: 0 Medicine (anticonvulsants) 0 Surgery 0 Educational Considerations: 0 Teachers to be informed. 0 Maintain safe environment, be calm, do not restrain student. 0 State law requires inclusion of specific triggers for seizures in student Individual Health Plan. 0 Prognosis: 0 Most live a normal life and students can participate in all recreational and educational activities.

6 Medical Jargon Infectious Agent (Pathogen) Reservoir of Infection (Host) Portal of Exit Portal of Entry Fomite Antibody

7 Common Childhood Illnesses 0 Impetigo 0 Bacteria Disease causing skin lesions (Streptococcus) 0 Antibiodic applied locally supervised by doctor 0 Contagious – SHOULD LEAVE SCHOOL 0 Epistaxis (nosebleed) 0 Adverse reaction in the nasal cavity. 0 Lean forward and apply pressure to alleviate 0 Not Contagious – STAY IN CLASS

8 Pink Eye Vs. Sty 0 Bacteria induced inflammation or infection of the eye membrane 0 Antibiotic Eye Drops can relieve symptoms in days 0 Highly Contagious – SHOULD LEAVE SCHOOL. 0 Localized infection or abscess of the sebacious gland 0 Treated with a cold compress and allowed to drain naturally 0 Not Easily Contagious – STAY IN CLASS

9 Duty to Protect

10 Duty to protect Duty to supervise 0 Physical Plant Field Trips Bullying Cyberbullying Report any accident, suspicion of violence ASAP in writing!

11 The Right to Safe Schools (1982 Amendment to California Constitution) 0 Code of Ethics – Protect the health and safety of students. 0 Safe School Planning – comprehensive safety plan, emergency procedures, staff training, criminal background checks. 0 Relationships of trust – Adult teacher is responsible for minors during school hours: “In loco parentis;” concept of reasonable person 0 Duty to Protect – Maintenance of Facilities: lighting, temperature, noise, slip/trip hazards, emergency evacuation routes. 0 Duty to Supervise – Field trips: have parents sign permission slips in advance; arrange for safe transportation; adequate adult to student ratio

12 Bullying and Cyberbullying 0 Forms of Bullying: 0 Physical, Verbal, Psychological 0 Cyberbullying - Magnifies the Harm: 0 Widespread dissemination of rumors, photos 0 Lasts “forever” in cyberspace 0 Direct contributor to teen suicide 0 What Teachers/Schools Can Do: 0 Define bullying and establish a policy 0 Communicate clear consequences 0 Safeguard honesty / anonymity of reporters 0 Develop Empathy/Encourage student support 0 Monitor electronic devices 0 This too shall pass”

13 Child Abuse & Neglect

14 Defining Abuse 0 Definition: “any non-accidental act of commission or omission that endangers a child’s physical, mental, or emotional well being.” (Mead, 1985) e.g., Assault, Corporal Punishment, Neglect, Inadequate Supervision, Sexual Abuse, or Exploitation. 0 Signs & Symptoms: Injuries to several body surfaces, extreme provocativeness at an early age, STDs: oral, anal, or rectal; Withdrawal from social relationships; Apathy, private about an injury, or, substance abuse.

15 Behavior Indicators and Causes 0 Behavior Indicators: Freighted of going home Freighted or over protective of parent Withdrawal Chronic fatigue Overly compliant Academic failure or sudden drop in grades 0 Causes: Parent abused as a child Delay in maternal infant bonding Unrealistic expectations Over punishment Parental stress Social isolation 0 Remember Teachers are Mandatory Reporters!

16 Duty to Report: How you could lose your credential

17 Credential Loss 0 Every instructor is responsible for the well being of the students, and his or her self as well. 0 Responsible for making every instructional material available for inspection 0 -Non-compliance = suspended or revoke credential (EC 44421) 0 Documentation… paper trail is key

18 In addition… 0 Convicted of any sex offense (EC 44010) 0 Convicted of Narcotics (EC 44011) 0 Found to be insane by a federal or state court (EC 44424) 0 To sum it all up… you don’t want to end up on the 6 o’clock news.

19 Your must go-to website 0 Commission on Teacher Credentialing 0

20 Discipline

21 Disciplining Students 0 “ California law gives educators the responsibility to maintain a moral, educational and disciplined school environment. ” 0 All schools are required to give students and their parents/guardians the rules of the school 0 All schools should have the same rules regarding activities that result in suspension or expulsion 0 Things like: Causing physical injury, robbery, bringing dangerous weapons, alcohol and drugs, etc.

22 Limits of Discipline 0 No Corporal Punishment 0 The same restrictions on regulations concerning speech, religion and association that limit the federal government under the First Amendment apply to the states under the Fourteenth Amendment. 0 The right of students to free expression is thus constitutional and statutory. 0 The Education Code grants students the right to distribute printed materials or petitions and make use of bulletin boards. 0 Limits of free expression: 0 Even if an activity amounts to “ speech ” or “ expression, ” a school may still prohibit or regulate the activity if: 1) it creates a clear and present danger of substantial disruption; 2) it contains prohibited content; or 3) the school is not completely prohibiting the activity, but merely regulating the “ time, place or manner in which it is conducted. ”

23 Criminal Activity

24 The Don’ts 0 Zero tolerance for threats 0 Growing concern for hazing 0 Understand the parameters of theft 0 Possession of aerosol cans and markers 0 Possession of Drugs & Alcohol

25 Criminal Procedures 0 Clarity is Key 0 Communicate with Superiors 0 Drug Dogs/Locker & Vehicle Searches.

26 Safety is Key Creating a safe environment: -Know your students -Seizure of items -Detention & physically restraining students

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