True peace is not merely the absence of tension: it is the presence of justice
Our Premises Race is off the agenda – post racial fantasism. While the reality of BME people in Britain have disproportionately low levels of income and face racism and discrimination. These facts deny them full citizenship, dignity and well- being. Inequalities in employment, education, housing, health, justice, representation, and participation restrain the fulfilment of potential and full participation in society.
C itizenship C ohesion I mmigration and Asylum. I ntegration I slamophobia Division Difference Discrimination Negative D iscourse CID = N
Race not such a big issue any more – few isolated incidents but things are improving all the time. Integration is key. Inequalities in employment, poverty, CJS and stop and search, immigration, housing, education, etc Race hate crime, EDL, BNP, UKIP, lack of engagement, representation etc The Raceberg
To ensure people are treated fairly and according to need. Legislation and policy RIGHTS EQUITY Equality of opportunity is not enough. Unless we create an environment where everyone is guaranteed some minimum capabilities through some guarantee of minimum income, education, and healthcare, we cannot say that we have fair competition. When some people have to run a 100 metre race with sandbags on their legs, the fact that no one is allowed to have a head start does not make the race fair. Equality of opportunity is absolutely necessary but not sufficient in building a genuinely fair and efficient society – Ha Joon Chang
Criminal justice – Stop and search, custodial sentences Policing Hate crime Legal protection JUSTICE Peace is not merely the absence of tension, it is the presence of justice
EducationEmploymentEconomics Tackling poverty MOBILITY Your race is not your destiny
Representation in every area of society and work Participation A voice in society INFLUENCE People shouldn't be afraid of their government. Governments should be afraid of their people - Alan Moore
Two way respect for all Recognition and value for different cultures and ways of life. RESPECT Respect yourself and others will respect you - Confucious
HousingBenefits Tackling poverty HealthEnvironment WELL-BEING The ultimate end of all revolutionary social change is to establish the sanctity of human life, the dignity of man, the right of every human being to liberty and well-being – Emma Goldman
Equality through Economics Change the Discourse: Challenge ‘C’ words -- Cohesion, Citizenship Interrogate ‘I’ words -- Integration, Islamophobia, institutional, internment, immigrationInterrogate ‘I’ words -- Integration, Islamophobia, institutional, internment, immigration Debunk ‘D’ words -- Division, Diversity, DiscriminationDebunk ‘D’ words -- Division, Diversity, Discrimination
Rely on our ‘R’s Rights, responsibility, research, respect, records, restorative justice Encourage the use of ‘E’ s Equality, employment, economic equity, evidence, efficiency, empowerment, enforcement Equality through Economics
Structure C30 national, regional or city wide umbrella groups focused on race Others are affiliates or associates Annual conference to decide strategic plan and priorities Co-ordinator and delegated executive to implement
Discourses Social Cohesion as the ground setting for counter terrorism and securitisation Replacing the ideology of equality with opportunity Assimilation and beyond race White privilege v. disadvantage of huge sections of society = economic and social costs for the longer term Creative cities – more economically vibrant and more creative potential than monocultural cities Equality as a business burden
Discourses 2 The trajectory of Multiculturalism Where is the political centre of gravity to effect change – where is the leverage to engage with inequality? Forward projections of the position of BME communities say in 20 years time. The disconnect between cultures and traditions and the contexts in which they are situated. Attitudes of political parties – eg: how has the shift of the Labour Party from being grounded in labour to being
Beginnings of a new narrative BME contribution to developing values and making Britain more equal and humanitarian while at the same time being at the receiving end of racism and discrimination. Historical inequality and discrimination yet the ability to move on. Economic contribution yet vast economic inequality. Social contribution but social inequality. Cultural contribution (food, music, dance, drama). Sporting contribution (Olympics, football, boxing etc). Contribution to faith development. Contribution to community development. The key inequalities being faced and suggested actions.
Economic Rates of child poverty are particularly high among children of African (56%), Pakistani (60%) and Bangladeshi (72%) origin, compared with a rate of 25% for white children. (CRE 2007) Unemployment for young people has risen 8% since March 08 and 13% for BME young people (IPPR 2011) 20% + of young people now unemployed - 48% Black African Caribbean, 31% Asian (IPPR 2011)
Education Fewer than 10 per cent of black students are at Russell Group universities, compared to a quarter of white students. Head teachers in England's schools are also overwhelmingly white – some 95 per cent in 2010, with less than 1 per cent from black Caribbean or African backgrounds. Black Caribbean pupils were almost four times more likely to be permanently excluded from school and boys were eleven times more likely to be permanently excluded than white girls. children from the relevant ethnic groups were much more likely to be excluded when they were in a small minority in a school than when they were with larger numbers of children from the same ethnic group as themselves.
Poverty Around two-fifths of people from ethnic minorities live in low-income households, twice the rate for White people. More specifically, the proportion of people who live in low-income households is: Around two-fifths of people from ethnic minorities live in low-income households, twice the rate for White people. More specifically, the proportion of people who live in low-income households is: 20% for White people. 30% for Indians and Black Caribbeans. 50% for Black Africans. 60% for Pakistanis. 70% for Bangladeshis
Homelessness Housing for young people is unaffordable 39% of St Mungo’s clients were from BME communities housing benefit is paid to people on low income. BME communities are amongst those with the lowest incomes, often living in poor housing and with high unemployment rates. Bedroom tax will have a negative impact. We know that BME communities are more likely to become homeless.
Criminal Justice Overall, Black people are stopped and searched 7 times the rate of white people and Asians at twice the rate. Only 1 in 10 stop and searches result in an arrest. Even worse are stops and searches under section 60 (for when violence is expected) where Black people are 37 times more likely to be stopped and searched and Asians 10 times more likely. Custodial sentences – longer for BME people Plenty of BME law students, solicitors – but few judges