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Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Driving.  Alcohol is the most commonly used drug in our society today. It is by far the most frequently found drug in fatally.

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Presentation on theme: "Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Driving.  Alcohol is the most commonly used drug in our society today. It is by far the most frequently found drug in fatally."— Presentation transcript:

1 Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Driving

2  Alcohol is the most commonly used drug in our society today. It is by far the most frequently found drug in fatally injured drivers.  All states now enforce a minimum drinking age of 21.  Alcohol Facts-Alcohol is classified as a drug because of its effects on the body’s central nervous system. Pg-314

3  How alcohol affects behavior-Alcohol does not even affect the same person in the same way in all situations. Pg-315  Mental Abilities and Alcohol-Alcohol is not digested. It is absorbed directly and quickly into the bloodstream.  Once alcohol enters the bloodstream, it quickly flows to the brain. Alcohol has the greatest effect on the parts of the brain that control judgment and reasoning. Pg-315

4  Judgment and Reasoning-Euphoria is the false sense of well-being. Pg-315  The driver will actually feel as though thinking and judgment abilities are sharper and quicker. Pg-315  Inhibitions-The inner forces of personality that restrain or hold back one’s impulsive behavior. Pg-316  Physical Abilities and Alcohol-The brain takes longer to process the information and react to the danger. Pg-316

5  Reaction Time and Coordination-Alcohol slows reflexes and reaction time. Muscular coordination becomes slow and clumsy. Pg-316  Seeing and Speaking Abilities-One of the most dangerous effects of alcohol is impaired vision. Pg-316  Alcohol also affects the reflex action of the eyes. After only a few drinks, this reflex action is impaired. Pg  After excessive drinking, a person might see multiple images. Pg-317

6  Alcohol also impairs depth perception. Pg-317  Peripheral vision also is impaired by alcohol. Pg-317  Alcohol can also affect a person’s speech. Pg- 317  Other Physical Problems-As a person continues to drink, the center of the brain that controls breathing and heartbeat can become impaired. Death can occur if a large amount of alcohol is consumes over short period of time. Pg-317

7  Chart on page 318. Amount of alcohol in standard drinks.  Alcohol in the body-Blood Alcohol Concentration(BAC). Each drink adds about 0.02 to 0.03 percent to the person’s BAC. Pg-318  Factors Affecting BAC-Amount of alcohol consumes, amount of time over which a given amount of alcohol is consumed, and person’s body weight. Pg-318  When alcohol is mixed with carbonated beverages, the rate of absorption is even faster. Pg-319

8  Controlling impairment-The body rids itself of alcohol at a rate of about three-fourths of a standard drink an hour. A person who has one drink needs about an one and a half hours to rid the body of the alcohol in that drink. Pg-319  Myths and Truths about Alcohol-I can sober up by drinking black coffee, taking a cold shower, or doing exercises. One little drink won’t hurt me. I will not be affected because I am only drinking beer. I can drive better after a few drinks. A young person cannot become a problem drinker. Pg-320  Reducing Driving Risks-Alway8s refuse to ride with drivers who have been drinking. Appoint a designated driver. Pg-320

9  Types of Drugs-Some drugs depress, or slow down, the central nervous system. Others stimulate it, or speed it up. Pg-321  Over-the Counter Medicine –OTCs medicines have side effects that include drowsiness, dizziness, slowed reaction time, and poor judgment. Pg-321  Depressant-Drug that can slow down, or depress, the central nervous system. Alcohol, barbiturates, sleeping pills, and tranquilizers are examples. Pg-321

10  Stimulants-Drug that can speed up, or stimulate, the central nervous system. Amphetamines are a type of stimulant. The feeling of alertness wears off soon and the person becomes very tired very quickly. Pg-322  Hallucinogens-Are unpredictable mind-altering drugs that can alter personality and cause panic or terror as the distort a person’s sense of direction, distance, and time. Marijuana is a hallucinogen, it can impair judgment, memory, depth perception, and coordination. Pg-322

11  Combining Drugs-When other drugs are combined with alcohol, the effects of both drugs can be multiplied, rather than just added together. This is known as a synergistic effect. Pg-322

12  Implied-Consent Law-Anyone who receives a driver’s license automatically consents to be tested for BAC and other drugs if stopped for suspicion of drug use while driving. Pg-323  DWI and DUI-For Illinois these are pretty much the same now. The legal BAC limit is 0.08 Pg-323  Zero-Tolerance Law-Makes it illegal for persons under the age of 21 to drive with any measurable amount of alcohol in the blood. Pg- 324

13  Chemical Testing-Analysis of blood, urine, or breath can accurately determine BAC. The breath test machine is called an intoxilyzer. Pg-324  Field Sobriety Test-Includes a series of on-the-spot, roadside test that help an officer detect impairment. Pg-324  Nystagmus-The involuntary jerking of the eyes as the person gazes to the side. Pg-325  Stopped by a police officer-Signal and pull over to the right in a safe place. Keep your hands visible. Stay in the vehicle and follow the officer’s instruction. Pg-325

14  Peer Pressure-Influence of other of a similar age, Pg-326  Positive and Negative Peer Pressure. Pg  Negative-Some people worry a great deal what others think of them, negative peer pressure might result in them doing things that are against their beliefs and values. Pg-327  Peer Education-Process in which young people make decisions and determine goals. Pg-327


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