Presentation on theme: "Birth of a Government “The Constitution is not an instrument for the government to restrain the people, it is an instrument for the people to restrain."— Presentation transcript:
1 Birth of a Government“The Constitution is not an instrument for the government to restrain the people, it is an instrument for the people to restrain the government”-Patrick Henry
2 What’s the importance of September 17th in U.S. History? BellringerCode:CYVIMYQ1
3 What makes a nation?In common language nation means a large group of people united by :a common languageancestryhistoryculture.
4 What else could it mean to be a nation? GovernmentSovereigntythe quality of having independent authority over a geographic area, such as a territory.the system by which a state or community is governed.
5 What was the purpose of the Convention of 1787? Delegates from 12 states attended the convention in Philadelphia. (Rhode Island did not attend)The goal of the convention was to address problems in the governing of the United States.By the end of the convention, they had scrapped the original governing document, The Articles of Confederation, and drafted a new document that is still in effect 226 years later.The two sides of the convention included:Anti- federalistFederalist
6 What were the opposing ideas of the Convention? New Jersey PlanVirginia PlanBicameral congresstwo housesStates were represented in the lower house and were proportional to population.Upper house was to be elected by lower house.Office of President and Federal Judges were created and elected on by congress.In favor of the large states.James Madison is the author of the Virginia plan.Unicameral congressone houseStates would have equal voting power.Presidency would consist of a committee elected by congress.Federal Judges would be appointed but the Presidency.In favor of the small states.William Paterson was the author of the New Jersey plan
7 The Great CompromiseThe final agreement of the Convention of 1787 that formed the United States Government of today.This compromise is also known as the Connecticut compromise. It combined both the Virginia and New Jersey plans.Creates the branches of government and their roles.3/5 compromiseFor every 5 slaves, owners could count 3 of them for population.Run away slaves would be returned by the north.No new slaves would be imported.Slavery wouldn’t be expanded.
8 Branches of Government ExecutivePresidentHead of a State/GovernmentLegislatureHouse of Representatives and SenateThe Neck of a State/ GovernmentJudicialSystem of courtsSupreme courtThe Spine of State/ Government
9 Checks and Balances Each branch has a “job” or “power”: Executive It keeps every branch in “check,” so that no one branch becomes to powerful.Each branch has a “job” or “power”:ExecutiveCommander and chiefVeto PowerMake lawsFace of the State/ GovernmentLegislativeMakes lawsVotes on if a bill should become lawPasses national budgetHas the power to declare warJudicialInterprets the lawHas the power of Judicial review
10 “It is to be regretted that the rich and powerful too often bend the acts of government to their own selfish purposes.” -Andrew Jackson “Laws are like sausages, it is better not to see them being made.” -Otto von Bismarck
11 Protection of Civil Liberties The Bill of Rights is the first set of amendments to the constitution.The Bill of Rights was proposed to alleviate the fears of Anti-Federalists who had opposed Constitutional ratification.The amendments guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and the public.
12 “It was...fun...”-James Kirk, on life, Star Trek: Generations “Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives.” -James MadisonTake the test on CIITS tonight. Code: CUFONE7