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New Horizon College English Book 3 新视野大学英语 3 School of Foreign Studies 外国语学院 Liu Tinghua 刘庭华 School of Foreign Studies 外国语学院 Liu Tinghua 刘庭华.

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Presentation on theme: "New Horizon College English Book 3 新视野大学英语 3 School of Foreign Studies 外国语学院 Liu Tinghua 刘庭华 School of Foreign Studies 外国语学院 Liu Tinghua 刘庭华."— Presentation transcript:

1 New Horizon College English Book 3 新视野大学英语 3 School of Foreign Studies 外国语学院 Liu Tinghua 刘庭华 School of Foreign Studies 外国语学院 Liu Tinghua 刘庭华

2 Unit One

3

4 Warm Up: What is your definition of love? What is love without limitations?

5 Section A Love without Limitations

6 Assignments Contents Activity Structure and writing device Passage Reading New Words

7 1.beneath: Prep. Under; in, at or to a lower position than I. New Words Example 他看起来很冷静,但内心却很愤怒。 He seemed calm, but there was a lot of anger beneath the surface.

8 2.disguise: n. sth. that is worn to hide who one really is vt. change someone ’ s appearance so that people cannot recognize them. I. New Words Example 胡须和眼镜是他伪装的一部分。 The beard and glasses are part of his disguise.

9 2.disguise: n. sth. that is worn to hide who one really is vt. change someone ’ s appearance so that people cannot recognize them. I. New Words Example 他装扮成保安人员逃跑了。 He escaped by disguising himself as a security.

10 3.penetrate: v. enter something of pass through it vt. see into or through something I. New Words Example 雨水穿透他的衣服浸入他的皮肤。 The rain had penetrated right his clothes to his skin.

11 3.penetrate: v. enter something of pass through it vt. see into or through something I. New Words Example 我的眼睛在黑暗中看不见东西。 My eyes couldn’t penetrate the darkness.

12 4. pledge: a. vt. promising to do something b. n. a promise or agreement I. New Words Example 首相保证通货膨胀将持续降低,经济会持续增长。 The Prime Minister pledged that inflation will continue to fall and the economy will continue.

13 4. pledge: a. vt. promising to do something b. n. a promise or agreement I. New Words Example 这届政府履行了至少 50% 其在选举时所做出的承诺。 The government has fulfilled at least 50%of its election pledges.

14 5. drain: a.make someone extremely tired b.let water or liquid flow away from something I. New Words Example 开一天车让我非常疲劳。 Driving all day really drains me.

15 5. drain: a.make someone extremely tired b.let water or liquid flow away from something I. New Words Example They have organized vast numbers of people to drain flooded land. 他们组织了很多人将受涝地区的水排干。

16 5. drain: a.make someone extremely tired b.let water or liquid flow away from something I. New Words Useful Expression brain drain 人才流失

17 6. restrain: vt. prevent somebody or oneself from doing something I. New Words Example 我得控制住自己,避免说话无理。 I had to restrain myself from saying something rude. Make a sentence on your own please.

18 Assignments Contents Activity Structure and writing device Passage Reading New Words

19 Main Idea With her lifetime experience, the author tells us there have never been any limitations to love whatever life may present.

20 Writing Device The dominant structure of the passage is “problem-response-evaluation”. The passage present three problems and each of them has its own response and evaluation. Question: How did the author organize the passage? How can we divide the passage into four parts?

21 Text Structure Part One (Para.1-3) Part Two (Para. 4-7) Part Three (Para. 8-11) Part Four (Para.12) All family members took good care of Jimmy. I looked after Jimmy alone after parents’ death. Jimmy’s 57th birthday was a success. Conclusion: Love without limitations

22 Assignments Contents Activity Structure and writing device Passage Reading New Words

23 Jimmy, was born with brain damage due to a lack of oxygen at his birth. My mother taught Jimmy practical things. My life revolved around Jimmy’s. My father held the family together with his patience and understanding. I protected Jimmy when the kids picked on him. My father and Jimmy were inseparable and did everything together. Problem Response Evaluation Part 1

24 Love Without Limitations Para. 1 My brother, Jimmy, did not get enough oxygen during a difficult delivery, leaving him with brain damage, and two years later I was born. Since then, my life revolved around my brother ’ s. Accompanying my growing up was always “ go out and play and take your brother with you ”. I couldn ’ t go anywhere without him, so I urged the neighborhood kids to come to my house for some out- of-control kid-centered fun. How did Jimmy get his brain damaged?

25 Para. 2 My mother taught Jimmy practical things like how to brush his teeth or put on a belt. My father, a saint, simply held the house together with his patience and understanding. I was in charge outside where I administered justice by tracking down the parents of the kids who picked on my brother, and telling on them. How did the author describe her father?

26 Para. 3 My father and Jimmy were inseparable. They ate breakfast together and on weekdays drove off to the navy shipping center every morning where they both worked — Jimmy unloaded color-coded boxes. At night after dinner, they would talk and play games late into the evening. They even whistled the same tunes.

27 … so I eagerly asked the kids in the neighborhood to come to my house to do the kind of fun things that kids like freely. 1. … so I urged the neighborhood kids to come to my house for some out-of-control kid-centered fun. Paraphrase A. Language points

28 I was responsible for protecting my brother in the neighborhood, where I would find the parents of the kids who treated my brother unkindly and tell them what their children had been doing 2. I was in charge outside where I administered justice by tracking down the parents of the kids who picked on my brother, and telling on them. Paraphrase A. Language points

29 Are the doctor able to track down the cause of the infection? 医生能找到感染的原因吗? 3. track down: find someone or something after a long search Example A. Language points Make a sentence with track down by yourself.

30 4. color-coded: Word’s Structure A. Language points One way that compound adjectives are formed is n.+v. (past participle). Example Kid-centered iron-added heart-broken homemade

31 The writer was determined to help Jimmy. The writer had to take care of Jimmy. Jimmy finally blossomed on his own. It was possible to have a home with room for Jimmy’s limitations and my ambitions. Problem Response Evaluation Part 2 Their father’s death made Jimmy a wreck and their mother’s death leaves the author alone to look after Jimmy.

32 Para. 4 So when my father died of a heart attack in 1991, Jimmy was a wreck, beneath his careful disguise. He was simply in disbelief. Usually very agreeable, he now quit speaking altogether and no amount of words could penetrate the vacant expression he wore on his face. I hired someone to live with him and drive him to work, but no matter how much I tried to make things stay the same, even Jimmy grasped that the world he ’ d known was gone. One day I asked, “ You miss Dad, don ’ t you? ” His lips quivered and then he asked, “ What do you think, Margaret? He was my best friend. ” Our tears began to flow.

33 Para. 5 My mother died of lung cancer six months later and I alone was left to look after Jimmy. Para. 6 He didn ’ t adjust to going to work without my father right away, so he came and lived with me in New York City for a while. He went wherever I went and seemed to adjust pretty well. Still, Jimmy longed to live in my parents ’ house and work at his old job and I pledged to help him return. Eventually, I was able to work it out. He has lived there for 11 years now with many different caretakers and blossomed on his own. He has become essential to the neighborhood. When you have any mail to be picked up or your dog needs walking, he is your man.

34 Para. 7 My mother was right, of course: It was possible to have a home with room for both his limitations and my ambitions. In fact, caring for someone who loves as deeply and appreciates my efforts as much as Jimmy does has enriched my life more than anything else ever could have.

35 Usually my brother was very friendly, but now he stopped speaking completely and nothing we said could change the empty look on his face. 1. Usually very agreeable, he now quit speaking altogether and no amount of words could penetrate the vacant expression he wore on his face. Paraphrase A. Language points

36 2. no matter how much I tried to make things stay the same, even Jimmy grasped that the world he ’ d known was gone. Make a sentence on your own with the above structure. A. Language points

37 3. It was possible to have a home with room for both his limitations and my ambitions. Paraphrase A. Language points It was possible to have a home with space for both of us ----my brother who couldn’t do much because of his brain damage and me who wanted to do so much.

38 None of the rest of the family could join them for Jimmy’s birthday party. The author called on her friends to help make it a merry party. The friends brought ideal present for Jimmy. Jimmy performed actively in the party. We were also encouraged and pleased by Jimmy. Problem Response Evaluation Part 3

39 Para. 8 This hit home a few days after the September 11th disaster on Jimmy ’ s 57th birthday. I had a party for him in my home in New York, but none of our family could join us because travel was difficult and they were still reckoning with the sheer terror the disaster had brought. I called on my faithful friends to help make it a merry and festive occasion, ignoring the fact that most of them were emotionally drained and exhausted. Instead of the customary “ No gifts, please ”, I shouted, “ Gifts! Please! ”

40 leather belt with “J-I-M-M-Y” on it, a knitted wool hat and a cowboy costume. The evening led up to the gifts and then the chocolate cake from his favorite bakery, and of course the ceremony wasn’t complete without the singing. Para. 9 My friends—people Jimmy had come to know over the years— brought the ideal presents: country music CDs, a sweatshirt, one

41 Para. 10 A thousand times Jimmy asked, “Is it time for the cake yet?” After dinner and the gifts Jimmy could no longer be restrained. He anxiously waited for the candles to be lit and then blew them out with one long breath as we all sang “Happy Birthday”. Jimmy wasn’t satisfied with our effort, though. He jumped up on the chair and stood erect pointing both index fingers into the air to conduct us and yelled, “One…more… time!” We sang with all of the energy left in our souls and when we were finished he put both his thumbs up and shouted, “That was super!”

42 Para. 11 We had wanted to let him know that no matter how difficult things got in the world, there would always be people who cared about him. We ended up reminding ourselves instead. For Jimmy, the love with which we sang was a welcome bonus, but mostly he had just wanted to see everyone else happy again.

43 从他的表情可以看出他领会了她的话。 1.hit/strike home: be understood and accepted Example A. Language points It can be seen from his expression that her remarks had hit home.

44 这是一个不容忽视的事实。 2. reckon with: consider something when making plans Example A. Language points This is a fact to be reckoned with.

45 3. The evening led up to the gifts and then the chocolate cake from his favorite bakery, and of course the ceremony wasn ’ t complete without the singing. Paraphrase A. Language points In the evening the time came for the presentation of gifts and the chocolate cake from the bakery which Jimmy liked best; and of course it was not over until we had sung “Happy Birthday” to him.

46 毕业前的几周里,我几乎无所事事。 4. lead up to: come before something important, and often cause it Example A. Language points In the weeks leading up to graduation I did very little.

47 我们本计划去看电影,结果却在家看电视。 5. end up doing something : come to be in a particular situation or state, especially when you did not plan it Example A. Language points We were going to go to a movie, but end up watching TV at home. Make a sentence on your own please

48 Main Idea of Part 4 The constant love and support of our friends and family would get us through whatever life might present. Question: Can you find an example in your life to illustrate the above statement?

49 Para. 12 Just as my father’s death had changed Jimmy’s world overnight, September 11th changed our lives; the world we’d known was gone. But, as we sang for Jimmy and held each other tight afterward praying for peace around the world, we were reminded that the constant love and support of our friends and family would get us through whatever life might present. The simplicity with which Jimmy had reconciled everything for us should not have been surprising. There had never been any limitations to what Jimmy’s love could accomplish. What did the party remind the author and her friend of?

50 她的帮助让我度过了那些艰难的日子。 1. get (sb.) through : help sb. deal with a difficult situation or period of time Example A. Language points Her help got me through those hard days. Make a sentence on your own please

51 Assignments Contents Activity Structure and writing device Passage Reading New Words

52 IV Activity Please create a short story or dialogue by making use of as many new phrases and words in this section as possible in an effort to remember their meaning and usage. beneath disguise penetrate pledge drain restrain track down reckon with get sb. through no matter (how, who, what, where, etc.)

53 Assignments Contents Activity Structure and writing device Passage Reading New Words

54 V Assignments Paragraph writing Try to write your composition of no less than 120 words with a problem-response-evaluation structure. You may choose whatever you are interested in as your topic.


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