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Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander Part Four ENTER BTLEW.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander Part Four ENTER BTLEW."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander Part Four ENTER BTLEW

3 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I. Word StudyWord Study II. Phrases and ExpressionsPhrases and Expressions III.Word BuildingWord Building IV. GrammarGrammar Language Study BTLEW

4 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study Word list: 1.acclaimacclaim 2.contentcontent 3.convertconvert 4.corruptcorrupt 5.creedcreed 6.conventionconvention 7.discarddiscard 8.doctrinedoctrine 17. hollowhollow 18. inhabitinhabit 19. mockmock 20. neglectneglect 21. perishperish 22. realmrealm 23. restrainrestrain 24. strollstroll 9. elaborateelaborate 10. elegantelegant 11. emulateemulate 12. eraseerase 13. expeditionexpedition 14. extravaganceextravagance 15. fieryfiery 16. flatterflatter BTLEW

5 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 1. acclaim v. to praise enthusiastically and often publicly n. enthusiastic applause Examples: Penicillin was acclaimed as the most important discovery during the 1940's. He was acclaimed as the winner. BTLEW acclamatory acclamation Synonym applause praise hail Word formation

6 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 2. content a. a. satisfied b. willing v. to make satisfied n. a. something contained b. subject matter of a written work c. substantive or meaningful part d. proportion of a specified substance BTLEW Word formation contented contentment discontented be content to do be content with content oneself with to one’s heart content Collocation To be continued on the next page.

7 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study Examples: She was content to step down after four years as chief executive. She is content with very little. He contented himself with one piece of cake. The brain is hungry not for method but for content. BTLEW

8 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 3. convert v. a. to adapt to a new or different purpose b. to persuade to adopt a religion, or belief c. to exchange for sth. of equal value Examples: That building has been converted into a school. We converted to Islam several years ago. I want to convert some RMB into US dollars. Word formation BTLEW convert to convert into conversion convertible Collocation

9 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 4. corrupt a. a. marked by immorality and perversion b. dishonest v. a. to ruin morally b. to taint; contaminate c. to cause to become rotten; spoil Examples: We find him a corrupt judge. The businessman was sent to prison for trying to corrupt a tax official with money. BTLEW Synonyms rotten dishonest deprave debase

10 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 5. creed n. a system of beliefs, principles, or laws Examples: Discrimination should be banned on the basis of race or creed. He had an architectural creed that demanded simple lines. BTLEW

11 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 6. convention n. all habits or traditions Examples: It is the convention for men to wear suits on formal occasions. By convention, north is at the top of most maps. BTLEW Word formation Synonyms convene conventional unconventional custom habits tradition

12 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study v. to throw away; reject Example: She bundled up the clothes she would discard. 7. discard BTLEW Synonyms reject abandon desert

13 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 8. doctrine n. rule or principle Example: They strongly opposed the Monroe Doctrine. BTLEW creed belief synonyms

14 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 9. elaborate v. to work out with care and detail a. intricate and rich in detail Examples: elaborate plan elaborate furniture elaborate security precaution BTLEW

15 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 10. elegant a. exhibiting refined, tasteful beauty of manner, form, or style Examples: elegant woman elegant clothes BTLEW Synonyms polished refined graceful Word formation elegance

16 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 11. emulate v. to strive to equal or excel, especially through imitation Synonyms Example: You must work hard to emulate your brother's success. BTLEW rival imitate copy follow

17 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 12. erase v. to wipe out or rub out Examples: erase an equation from the blackboard erase all thoughts of failure from his mind erase a file from the disc erase the video cassette BTLEW remove cancel delete Synonyms

18 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 13. expedition n. a journey undertaken by a group of people with a definite objective Examples: a scientific expedition to the South Pole The builders promised to expedite the repairs. expedite v. to speed up the progress of; facilitate BTLEW

19 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 14. extravagance n. luxury Example: Salmon trout is an unnecessary extravagance. BTLEW Synonym luxury

20 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study fiery hair a fiery sunset fiery cheeks a fiery boil a fiery temper a fiery denunciation 15. fiery 火红的头发 火红的夕阳 发红的脸蛋 红肿的水疱 暴躁的脾气 激烈的控诉 BTLEW a. flaming, growing, passionate like fire

21 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study v. a. to compliment excessively and often insincerely b. portray favorably Examples: What really flatters a man is that you think him worth flattering. The photograph flatters its subject. 16. flatter BTLEW Synonym compliment praise

22 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 17. hollow a. a. having a cavity, gap, or space within b. sunken c. without substance or character d. devoid of truth or validity Examples: a hollow wall a hollow person hollow footsteps hollow in one's life His bearded face already has a set, hollow look. Theirs is at best a hollow form of flattery. BTLEW

23 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 18. inhabit v. to live or reside in Example: a district sparsely inhabited BTLEW

24 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 19. mock v. to treat with ridicule or contempt; deride a. simulated; false; sham Examples: Some MPs mocked the government’s decision. They mocked at the idea. He went to church only to mock. Jim threw up his hands in mock horror. BTLEW

25 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 20. neglect v. to pay little or no attention to; fail to heed; disregard n. habitual lack of care Examples: If you neglect this property, it will depreciate. Don't neglect to lock the door. He was criticized for his neglect of duty. BTLEW Word formation neglectful negligent negligence Synonyms ignore overlook

26 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 21. perish v. to pass from existence; disappear gradually Examples: Man will go down into the pit, and all his thoughts will perish. Flowers perish when frost comes. BTLEW Synonyms infringe transgress

27 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 22. realm n. a. an area of interest or activity b. a country ruled by a king or queen Examples: The differences are profound in the realm of ideology. A new building for the school is not within the realms of possibility. The matter was hotly debated in the realm. BTLEW Synonyms area field kingdom

28 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 23. restrain v. a. to hold back or keep in check; control b. to deprive of freedom or liberty, limit or restrict Examples: She never restrained them from going. I can't restrain my anger when I hear of people being cruel to animals. BTLEW Word formation restraint

29 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander I.Word Study 24. stroll v. to go for a leisurely walk Examples: We strolled through the park. My friend likes to stroll around the flea market on the chance of picking up something of value. The end of Word Study. BTLEW Synonyms saunter walk

30 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander List: 1.a (large) corps ofa (large) corps of 2.by designby design 3.provide forprovide for 4.seek outseek out 5.toil and sweattoil and sweat II.Phrases and Expressions BTLEW

31 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander a body of persons acting together or associated under common direction Example: A corps of technicians is/are accompanying the band on their tour. 1. a (large) corps of II.Phrases and Expressions Similar phrases: a crowd of a large quantity of BTLEW

32 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander on purpose, deliberately, intentionally Example: Did you phone me on my birthday by accident or by design? 2. by design II.Phrases and Expressions BTLEW

33 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander a. to take measures in preparation b. to supply means of subsistence Examples: We should provide for the common defense of the states. She provides for her family by working in a hospital. 3. provide for II.Phrases and Expressions BTLEW

34 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander II.Phrases and Expressions 4. seek out to look for something and find it Example: After the meeting he sought out the person who had spoken about the plan. BTLEW

35 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander to work very hard for a long time Example: The laborers toiled and sweated during the hot summer. 5. toil and sweat II.Phrases and Expressions BTLEW

36 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander III.Word Building List: 1. Prefix–autoPrefix–auto 2. Root–lunRoot–lun 3. Suffix–ishSuffix–ish BTLEW

37 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander III.Word Building automaton (12) prefix auto-: self, automatic autobiography automobile autograph autocracy automation autonomy auto-focus 自传 汽车 亲笔签名,手稿 独裁政治 自动控制 自治 自动聚焦 BTLEW

38 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander lun: moon luna lunar lunacy lunitidal lunes lune 月,月神 月亮的 精神病 太阴潮的 精神病的发作 弓形,半月形 lunatic (1) root III.Word Building BTLEW

39 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander a. somewhat, characteristic, tending toward, having undesirable qualities Suffix—ish More examples III.Word Building childish womanish boyish girlish monkish wolfish devilish 幼稚的 像女人的 孩子气的 少女似的(男孩儿) 僧侣的 豺狼般的 如恶魔般的 BTLEW To be continued on the next page.

40 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander Suffix—ish III.Word Building The end of Word Building. coldish fattish sweetish greenish yellowish reddish outlandish 微冷的 稍胖的 有点甜的 呈绿色的 微黄的 微红的 奇异的 BTLEW

41 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander IV.Grammar Inversion Definition: reversal of the normal order of words, typically for rhetorical effect but also found in the regular formation of questions Example: There is a pen on the table. Here comes the bus. I like swimming and so does my sister. Only in this way can you solve the problem. Were I you, I would refuse. Try as I could, I could not pass the exam. To be continued on the next page. BTLEW

42 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander Only then did I understand what she meant. Only when he told me did I realize the importance of learning English. Never have I achieved such a rapid progress. Hardly had he entered the room when she began to complain. On no account will they give up the plan. Inversion IV.Grammar The end of Grammar. BTLEW

43 Lesson 10 – Diogenes and Alexander Part Four This is the end of Part Four. Please click HOME to visit other parts. BTLEW


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