Presentation on theme: "Basic First Aid R ENE V ILLENEUVE & P AUL B ARANAY Grand prix Toronto 2012."— Presentation transcript:
Basic First Aid R ENE V ILLENEUVE & P AUL B ARANAY Grand prix Toronto 2012
Disclaimer This is not a training qualification, but a quick overview. It is under the assumption you do not know any First Aid. Ask for consent! Recommended followup: Canada: St Johns Standard First Aid with CPR Level C. Two-day course. USA: Your local Red Cross chapter. One-day courses.
Your instructors Rene Villeneuve (L1, Petawawa, Canada) Canadian Army – Biomedical Engineer Paul Baranay (L2, New Haven, CT) EMT
Introduction You already know a lot about First Aid because judging and emergency medicine are highly similar fields. Judges are highly-trained, have specialized knowledge, and regularly interact with players. First Aiders are highly-trained, have specialized knowledge, and regularly interact with patients. First Aid is something everyone should know. Having a First Aider on staff greatly improves the quality of the event.
First Actions Take charge of the situation. Designate someone to call 911, and report back to you with the response and ETA of Emergency Services. Yell for a First Aider if you are not FA qualified, and let them respond to the situation. Clear the area. Do not allow crowding and “ gawking” of the situation.
What Injuries are we likely to see? Allergic Reactions Choking Fainting/Seizures Minor Cuts/Breaks Shock Heart Attack/AED
Allergic Reactions Signs/Symptoms Rash/Hives Swelling Disoriented or confused Treatment Ask bystanders for Epi-Pen and get them to administer it if you are not familiar with operation allstop.com
Choking Signs/Symptoms Repetitive coughing Hands ‘ X ’ at throat Discoloration of the face Treatment If coughing, encourage the person to continue, and tell them they will be OK. Wheezing or no air movement: Make a fist, push forcefully between belly button and ribs in and upwards towards chest. eCPRcertification.com
Fainting/Seizures Signs/Symptoms Dizzy/light-headed – Fainting Staring into space – Seizures Shuddering/twitching rapidly – Seizures Treatment If near, try to gently catch them, and lower them to the ground. Protect the head. Fainting: Check for breathing! (Cardiac arrest concern.) Seizures: Do not restrain or put objects in mouth. Put them in the recovery position.
Minor Cuts/Breaks Signs/Symptoms That red stuff leaking out of them. Bones not looking like they should. Screaming. Treatment Cuts: Using a clean absorptive, apply pressure to the wound. Breaks: Protect the break, stabilize it if possible. Safety! If the person is conscious and calm, help them to treat themselves to avoid the risk of blood-borne diseases. Use gloves if possible.
Shock Signs/Symptoms Confused/disoriented. Pale. Cold/clammy. Treatment Lie down, elevate legs, cover them (coats, blankets) and keep them warm. Talk to them calmly, keep them awake, ask questions, etc.
AED Automatic External Defibrillator Signs/Symptoms No pulse No breathing Unconscious Treatment Find an AED, turn it on, and follow its instructions. Call Emergency Services immediately.
What have we NOT Talked about? CPR Bone/joint immobilization “ABCs” Treating children and the elderly
Best practices for events Know the location of AEDs in the venue. Know the local protocol for Emergency Services. Know the venue address. Bring a first aid kit. Identify yourself to the HJ and TO if you have any level of formal training.