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Do Now Get out your Do Now Log and brainstorm. Get out your Do Now Log and brainstorm. Brainstorm: List as many things as you can to answer this question;

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Presentation on theme: "Do Now Get out your Do Now Log and brainstorm. Get out your Do Now Log and brainstorm. Brainstorm: List as many things as you can to answer this question;"— Presentation transcript:

1 Do Now Get out your Do Now Log and brainstorm. Get out your Do Now Log and brainstorm. Brainstorm: List as many things as you can to answer this question; What does America have in place to maintain order and peace? Brainstorm: List as many things as you can to answer this question; What does America have in place to maintain order and peace?

2 Constitution Day 2006

3 “In matters of Power, let no more be heard of confidence in men, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution.” “In matters of Power, let no more be heard of confidence in men, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution.” Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson

4 “The Constitution is not an instrument for the government to restrain its people, it is an instrument for the people to restrain the government – lest it come to dominate our lives and interests.” “The Constitution is not an instrument for the government to restrain its people, it is an instrument for the people to restrain the government – lest it come to dominate our lives and interests.” Patrick Henry Patrick Henry

5

6 New Unit : Mesopotamia and Egypt

7 Hammurabi ( B.C.) Conquered several city-states in Mesopotamia to become King. Conquered several city-states in Mesopotamia to become King. Improved canals + tax system. Improved canals + tax system. Changed religion so all people in kingdom worshipped God of Babylon. Changed religion so all people in kingdom worshipped God of Babylon. His main legacy: His main legacy: HAMMURABI’S CODE* *Discovered in 1901

8 Hammurabi’s Code Created laws to govern all parts of life. Created laws to govern all parts of life. Two major ideas: Two major ideas: 1. Innocent until proven guilty. 2. Guilty can be punished using “eye for an eye” idea. Picture From: s/ger-prototypes/code.gif

9 Hammurabi ruled for 40 years – known as “Golden Age of Babylon” Hammurabi ruled for 40 years – known as “Golden Age of Babylon” Became major trade center. Became major trade center. After his death, Mesopotamia went back to city-states. After his death, Mesopotamia went back to city-states. Picture From: rabi.jpg

10 Let’s Look at some laws! /en/thumb/d/d4/Hammurabi_Face.jpg /200px-Hammurabi_Face.jpg

11 Law 1 If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death. If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death. In your own words, what does this mean? In your own words, what does this mean?

12 Law 2 If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser. If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser. In your own words, what does this mean? In your own words, what does this mean?

13 Law 3 If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death. If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death. In your own words, what does this mean? In your own words, what does this mean?

14 Law 4 If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces. If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces. In your own words, what does this mean? In your own words, what does this mean?

15 Law 5 If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he shall be publicly removed from the judge's bench, and never again shall he sit there to render judgment. If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he shall be publicly removed from the judge's bench, and never again shall he sit there to render judgment. In your own words, what does this mean? In your own words, what does this mean?

16 Law 6 If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death. If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death. In your own words, what does this mean? In your own words, what does this mean?

17 Law 22 If any one is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death. If any one is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death.

18 Law 23 If the robber is not caught, then shall he who was robbed claim under oath the amount of his loss; then shall the community, and... on whose ground and territory and in whose domain it was compensate him for the goods stolen. If the robber is not caught, then shall he who was robbed claim under oath the amount of his loss; then shall the community, and... on whose ground and territory and in whose domain it was compensate him for the goods stolen. What does this sound like? What does this sound like?

19 Laws If a man has knocked out the eye of a patrician, his eye shall be knocked out. If a man has knocked out the eye of a patrician, his eye shall be knocked out. If he has broken the limb of a patrician, his limb shall be broken. If he has broken the limb of a patrician, his limb shall be broken. If he has knocked out the eye of a plebian, or broken the limb or a patrician’s servant, he shall pay one mina of silver. If he has knocked out the eye of a plebian, or broken the limb or a patrician’s servant, he shall pay one mina of silver. If he has knocked out the eye of a patrician’s servant, or broken the limb of a patrician’s servant, he shall pay half his value. If he has knocked out the eye of a patrician’s servant, or broken the limb of a patrician’s servant, he shall pay half his value. After reading this, what do you think the difference is in a patrician and a plebian and a patrician’s servant? After reading this, what do you think the difference is in a patrician and a plebian and a patrician’s servant? Who is more valuable in society? Who is more valuable in society?

20 Reflection What does Hammurabi’s Code tell us about Ancient Society? (3-4 sentences) What does Hammurabi’s Code tell us about Ancient Society? (3-4 sentences)


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