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Crime no longer pays! A Presentation of the Papua New Guinea Financial Intelligence Unit.

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Presentation on theme: "Crime no longer pays! A Presentation of the Papua New Guinea Financial Intelligence Unit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Crime no longer pays! A Presentation of the Papua New Guinea Financial Intelligence Unit

2 Crime no longer pays! Presentation Overview Global Back ground to AML system PNG’s AML System Establishment of the PNG FIU Roles & Functions of an FIU Implementation Update Achievements Constraints

3 Crime no longer pays! G7 - Response to Money Laundering, and Recognising the threat posed to banks & financial institutions Financial Action Task Force (FATF) – formed Examine ML techniques & trends Review action taken - national & international Set out measures to combat ML Background to the Global AML System

4 Crime no longer pays! FATF issued Forty Recommendations –to fight ML issued Eight Special Recommendations- to fight terrorist financing 2003 – Publishing of Ninth Special Recommendation – Recommendations.

5 Crime no longer pays! FATF Membership of 34 countries & territories 2 regional organisations 8 regional bodies - similar to FATF (FSRBs) Asia Pacific Group on Money Laundering (APG) Membership   Mutual Evaluation Egmont

6 Crime no longer pays! Proceeds of Crime Act 2005 New Legislation- Proceeds of Crime Act 2005 enacted: a. a. To combat money laundering (corruption) New offence Creation of Financial Intelligence Unit b. b. Manage Proceeds of Crime a. a. Restrain and Forfeit proceeds of Crime

7 Crime no longer pays! New sources of intelligence – Cash DealersCash Wide definition of cash dealers-eg. Includes banks, finance companies, insurers, lawyers, accountants, dealers in precious metals and stones, real estate companies, gambling house-casino- lottery, etc (s3, 1) Proceeds of Crime Act

8 Crime no longer pays! “A central, national agency responsible for receiving, analysing and disseminating to the competent authorities, disclosures of financial information: Definition of an FIU (i) concerning suspected proceeds of crime and potential financing of terrorism, or (ii) required by national legislation or regulation, in order to combat money laundering and terrorism financing.” (Egmont Group)

9 Crime no longer pays! Other FIUs AUTRAC - Australia FinCEN - US SIFIU – Solomon Islands NZFIU – New Zealand STRO - Singapore AMLO – Philippines JFIU – Hong Kong

10 Crime no longer pays! Role & function of FIU Receives and analyses Investigate into and trace criminal assets to recover proceeds of crime Conduct onsite Compliance Provide training to employees of reporting entities Conduct outreach session Coordinate domestic & international cooperation

11 Crime no longer pays! 4 Implementation 2 Stage Approach–cash dealers Major cash dealers –(eg. Banks) commenced reporting in December 2007 Other cash dealers (eg. Finance companies, Lawyers, Accountants, Real Estate; etc) to report in second stage

12 Crime no longer pays! Current level of financially motivated crime in PNG Half or close to half of the government budget lost to fraud – all of it laundered through PNG banks Much of it conducted by cheque

13 Crime no longer pays! Current level of financially motivated crime in PNG Often no attempt to hide the source or application because of the low perceived risk of being detected. General impression that ‘everyone else is doing it so why shouldn’t I ?’ particularly among government employees

14 Crime no longer pays! Current strategies and focus Crime prevention using financial intelligence as opposed to crime detection, investigation and prosecution Investigation and prosecution is a poor method of crime prevention, preventing people committing offences has not been neglected in the past resulting in rampant financially motivated crime Is this a new approach ? Yes, Why is this only happening now? We didn’t have the financial information/intelligence to be able to be pro-active in crime prevention before

15 Crime no longer pays! Current Strategies Risk-based approach to activities (where are the largest offences occurring and where can our largest impact be) Identification of persons conducting suspicious transactions and; Restriction of access to banking facilities for persons who are committing offences

16 Crime no longer pays! Current Strategies Utilisation of the Proceeds of Crime Act to assist banks to refuse transactions, close accounts and provide information to support restraint of proceeds of crime and, if necessary, prosecution. A LOT more is being asked of the banks, and they are, largely, coming to the party. Proceeds of Crime restraint and forfeiture Issue of guideline on government cheques and payments to assist banks to avoid laundering proceeds of crime

17 Crime no longer pays! Successes to date Commencement of receipt of suspicious transaction reports (STRs) from commercial banks Commencement of receipt of cash transactions reports (CTRs) and international fund transfer information Analysis of financial reports to identify methods of financial offending and commencement of procedures to prevent offences

18 Crime no longer pays! Success to date Commencement of work with the banks to identify and question government employees who are banking excessive amount This has resulted in a significant reduction in transactions by identified persons Restraint of K5.1 million Return of K1.3 million to the government – 16 th July 2010

19 Crime no longer pays! Success to date Issue of newspaper and TV ads to alter behaviour Signing of MOU with Solomons to allow information sharing Consultation underway with Taiwan, Philippines, Singapore, Japan, Malaysia

20 Crime no longer pays! Expansion of process to identify and deal with government employees banking vast amounts of unexplained money Expansion of process to identify other criminals using the banking system Expansion of restraint of proceeds of crime action What's next for the PNGFIU

21 Crime no longer pays! Modification of processes as criminal behaviour changes eg; greater use of corporate entities to hide funds and move them offshore Expansion of work with international counterparts to restrain criminal assets in other countries and prevent criminals moving money from PNG to other countries Expansion of reporting to other cash dealers dealers What's next for the PNGFIU

22 Crime no longer pays! What's next for the FIU Expansion of enforcement of POCA reporting obligations Expansion of information sharing to combat transnational crime, organised crime and terrorist financing Build Database Training of Computer Forensics

23 Crime no longer pays! 6 Constraints Inadequate staff Inadequate resources Inadequate operational funds Inadequate communication facilities

24 Crime no longer pays! Thank you Any Questions Papua New Guinea Financial Intelligence Unit Ph: Mobile:

25 Crime no longer pays! BANKS OTHER CASH DEALERS FIU INVESTIGATOR PROSECUTOR COURT OTHER COUNTRIES RESTRAIN $? FORFEIT? PNG’s AML system


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