Presentation on theme: "The Interwar Period. B-D-A Small Group Activity “Seat at the Table” Working cooperatively, students will construct their own peace treaty and path for."— Presentation transcript:
The Interwar Period
B-D-A Small Group Activity “Seat at the Table” Working cooperatively, students will construct their own peace treaty and path for reconciliation throughout Europe Using poster board, each group will present their ideas to the class
“I know no parties, I know only Germans!” “As a sign that you are determined, without party difference without difference of root, without religious difference be sustained with me through thick and thin, through misery and death to go, I call on the Executive Boards of the parties to step up and pledge that to me in the hand.” 1914, Kaiser Wilhelm II TTYN: Describe the relationship of the above quote and ‘Peace within the fortress’
Wilson’s Fourteen Points Essential Question to consider when reviewing Wilson’s 14 Points – Imagine you are the leader(s) of France and G.B., what will be your reaction to Wilson’s recommendations?
Wilson’s Fourteen Points 1. No more secret agreements ("Open covenants openly arrived at"). 2. Free navigation of all seas. 3. An end to all economic barriers between countries. 4. Countries to reduce weapon numbers. 5. All decisions regarding the colonies should be impartial 6. The German Army is to be removed from Russia. Russia should be left to develop her own political set-up. 7. Belgium should be independent like before the war.
Wilson’s Fourteen Points 8. France should be fully liberated and allowed to recover Alsace- Lorraine 9. All Italians are to be allowed to live in Italy. Italy's borders are to "along clearly recognizable lines of nationality." 10. Self-determination should be allowed for all those living in Austria- Hungary. 11. Self-determination and guarantees of independence should be allowed for the Balkan states.
WWI Common Core – “Document of the Day’ Adolf Hitler Who are the ‘‘criminals” that Hitler is referring to? ___________________________________________________________________ What has caused Hitler to feel so ashamed? __________________________________________________________________
The Treaty of Versailles TTYN: What is the purpose of a treaty Early 1919, The peacemakers assembled in Paris to accomplish the following: To treat the root causes of the conflict Find solutions to problems either created or exacerbated by the War itself The ‘Players’ – The Big Three Woodrow Wilson – U.S. David Lloyd George – G.B. Georges Clemenceau -France
Timeline Armistice Day Nov. 11, 1918 Treaty Negotiations Commence Early 1919
The Treaty includes no provision for the economic rehabilitation of Europe - nothing to make the defeated Central Powers into good neighbours, nothing to stabilise the new States of Europe, nothing to reclaim Russia; nor does it promote in any way a compact of economic solidarity amongst the Allies themselves; no arrangement was reached at Paris for restoring the disordered finances of France and Italy, or to adjust the systems of the Old World and the New. It is an extraordinary fact that the fundamental economic problem of a Europe starving and disintegrating before their eyes, was the one question in which it was impossible to arouse the interest of the Four. Reparation was their main excursion into the economic field, and they settled it from every point of view except that of the economic future of the States whose destiny they were handling. Treaty of Versailles Common Core – ‘Document of the Day’ John Maynard Keynes, The Economic Consequences of Peace (1920)
Weimar Republic 1919, the Kaiser abdicates Parliamentary republic established Named after Weimar, the city where the constitutional assembly took place. Its official name was Deutsches Reich; however, it was gnerally known as Germany. 1919, a national assembly convened in Weimar, where a new constitution for the German Reich was written, then adopted on 11 August of that same year. Social Democratic leadership Goal of the Weimar: to construct the perfect democracy
Weimar Republic Strive for Perfection Included: A Bill of Rights guaranteed every German citizen freedom of speech and religion, and equality under the law. All men and women over the age of 20 were given the vote. There was an elected president and an elected Reichstag (parliament). The Reichstag made the laws and appointed the government, which had to do what the Reichstag wanted.
As if the war wasn’t bad enough… The Spanish Flu 1918-19 - The influenza pandemic killed more people than the Great War Approx. 50M people perished The most devastating epidemic in recorded world history More people died of influenza in a single year than in four-years of the Black Death Bubonic Plague from 1347 to 1351. A global disaster 1/5 of world’s population infected "La Grippe"
The Rise of Hitler Common Core – ‘Document of the Day’ Propaganda Leaflet National Socialist German Workers Party (1920) Who is Nazi Party speaking to? ____________________________________________________________________ What group is in the Nazi Party’s crosshairs and why? Support with evidence. ____________________________________________________________________
The Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
The Rise of Hitler Patriotic and Nationalistic Inspired to enlist at the start of WWI 1920, created the “Brown Shirt’s” Extremely active in Munich 1923, The Munich Putsch or the “Beer Hall Putsch” Failed attempt by Nazi Party to take over Weimar Republic Arrested and tried for treason Spent 9 months in jail Wrote Mein Kampf while in prison The Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party
The Rise of Hitler Mein Kampf Targets of the book Democrats Communists Internationalists (foreigners) Jews The Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party
To the teacher: At the start of the next unit (WWII), I start the unit with a B-D-A Activity “Tweeting Europe Into War”