Presentation on theme: "The Caribbean By: Sharrisse Viltus and Dahlia Seggelin."— Presentation transcript:
The Caribbean By: Sharrisse Viltus and Dahlia Seggelin
The Focused Countries Cuba, Haiti, and Puerto Rico Population: 11,241,161 Capital: Havana Government: Communist State Population: 9,719,932 Capital: Port-au-Prince Government: Unitary, semi- presidential republic Population: 3,706,690 Capital: San Juan Government: Democracy (within the US Constitutional system
Corruption- to escape government prosecution - communism Poverty- to flee from the constant impoverished communities Find work- to send money to family back home. Why do they come to the U.S.?
Not only was Cuba a strategic naval location, but it was a key provider of sugar and other goods to the U.S. After the Spanish-American war, Cuba and Puerto Rico as well as many Latin American countries were annexed by the U.S from Spain with the Treaty of Paris of 1898. Cuba became an official independent country in 1902. It was only in February 1959 when Fidel Castro became prime minister did Cuba become a communist state. History between Cuba, Puerto Rico and the U.S.
Cuban immigration Mostly concentrated in Florida: Key West and Miami The only immigrant group privileged with 'Wet feet, dry feet' policy Between 1959-2009 The "freedom flights" brought middle and working class Cubans to the U.S. (1965-74) Escape of Fidel Castro (1959-89)
Elián González Controversy In 1997, Elián was among fourteen Cuban immigrants that attempted to sail to Florida. He was the sole survivor and was rescued at the coast of Florida. In 2000, a custody dispute erupted when his father, in Cuba, wanted his son returned from the relatives in Miami. In the end, Elián was returned to his father. The way the U.S. gov went about it was controversial http://youtu.be/AgaacrxsS4c?t=30s
Concentrated in New York: New York City Because Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory, all Puerto Ricans are American citizens. Emigration from Puerto Rica, 1900-1990 Puerto Rican Immigration
Haitian Immigration Heavily concentrated in New York: Brooklyn and Queens Massachusetts: Boston, Brockton, Randolph, Roxbury, Dorchester, and Hyde Park Florida: Miami "Little Haiti" and Palm Beach In 1981, President Reagan ordered that the Coast Guard interdict (stop and search) all Haitian vessels travelling in the waters between Haiti and the U.S. (Haitians in America) They were further empowered to return any suspicious claimants to Haiti, to their certain punishment, and possible deaths.
Stereotypes Puerto Ricans are constantly confused with other Latin American cultures, especially Mexican Americans. Haitians are confused with Jamaicans Cubans smoke Havana cigars and talk about Fidel Castro All Haitians practice voodoo Cuban organization: Cuban American National Foundation- Jorge Mas Canosa Haitian organization: Haitian American Leadership organization- Angelo M. Gousse