Presentation on theme: "Armistice, the Paris Peace Conference & the Treaty of Versailles"— Presentation transcript:
1 Armistice, the Paris Peace Conference & the Treaty of Versailles World War IArmistice, the Paris Peace Conference & the Treaty of Versailles
2 …on the way to armistice Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points”January 8, 1918; Woodrow Wilson to the U.S. Congress – proposed a 14-point program for world peace……later taken as the basis for peace negotiations at the end of the war.
3 …on the way to armistice Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points”Free trade, open agreements, democracy & self determination(and a diplomatic end to the war!)
4 Allied Armistice with germany Germany Falls ApartBy September 1918, situation for Germany is “hopeless” – sets armistice in motion…Hundred Days Offensive, Desertion, Civilian Strikes, Mutiny, German Revolution…
5 Armistice Day – Veteran’s Day Allied Armistice with germanyArmistice of CompiègneRussia (December 1917)Bulgaria (September 1918)Ottomans (October 1918)Austria-Hungary (November 1918)Germany – November 11, 1918Armistice Day – Veteran’s DayArmistice: “A termination of hostilities as a prelude to peace negotiations”
6 American approach vs. European approach Paris peace conferenceNegotiations to End the War“Meeting of the Allied victors at the end of WWI to set the peace terms for the Central Powers following the armistices of 1918.”…diplomats from more than 32 countries!Major decisions:Creation of the League of NationsFive peace treaties with Central PowersAwarding of German and Ottoman colonies to Great Britain and FranceReparations imposed on GermanyDrawing of new national boundaries (self-determination)Big FourAmerican approach vs. European approach
7 Treaty of Versailles Formal Peace With Germany One of the five peace treaties at the Paris Peace Conference to end WWI…“Formally ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers!” (signed on June 28, 1919!)Main Provisions:Article 231 – “War Guilt Clause”German reparations for Allied damages (132 billion Marks)German de-militarizationAlsace and Lorain returned to France (1871)Eastern Germany given to a new Polish state
8 Old Empires collapse, new nations emerge! Legacy of WWINew Countries and Old Ones…Old Empires collapse, new nations emerge!