Presentation on theme: "WORLD WAR I Armistice, the Paris Peace Conference & the Treaty of Versailles."— Presentation transcript:
WORLD WAR I Armistice, the Paris Peace Conference & the Treaty of Versailles
…ON THE WAY TO ARMISTICE Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points” January 8, 1918; Woodrow Wilson to the U.S. Congress – proposed a 14- point program for world peace… …later taken as the basis for peace negotiations at the end of the war.
FREE TRADE, OPEN AGREEMENTS, DEMOCRACY & SELF DETERMINATION (AND A DIPLOMATIC END TO THE WAR!) …ON THE WAY TO ARMISTICE Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points”
ALLIED ARMISTICE WITH GERMANY Germany Falls Apart By September 1918, situation for Germany is “hopeless” – sets armistice in motion… HUNDRED DAYS OFFENSIVE, DESERTION, CIVILIAN STRIKES, MUTINY, GERMAN REVOLUTION…
ALLIED ARMISTICE WITH GERMANY Armistice of Compiègne ARMISTICE: “A TERMINATION OF HOSTILITIES AS A PRELUDE TO PEACE NEGOTIATIONS” RUSSIA (December 1917) RUSSIA (December 1917) BULGARIA (September 1918) BULGARIA (September 1918) OTTOMANS (October 1918) OTTOMANS (October 1918) AUSTRIA-HUNGARY (November 1918) AUSTRIA-HUNGARY (November 1918) GERMANY – NOVEMBER 11, 1918 Armistice Day – Veteran’s Day
PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE Negotiations to End the War “Meeting of the Allied victors at the end of WWI to set the peace terms for the Central Powers following the armistices of 1918.” …diplomats from more than 32 countries! BIG FOUR MAJOR DECISIONS: Creation of the LEAGUE OF NATIONS Five PEACE TREATIES with Central Powers Awarding of GERMAN AND OTTOMAN COLONIES to Great Britain and France REPARATIONS imposed on Germany Drawing of NEW NATIONAL BOUNDARIES (SELF-DETERMINATION) AMERICAN APPROACH vs. EUROPEAN APPROACH
TREATY OF VERSAILLES Formal Peace With Germany One of the five peace treaties at the Paris Peace Conference to end WWI… “FORMALLY ENDED THE STATE OF WAR BETWEEN GERMANY AND THE ALLIED POWERS!” (signed on June 28, 1919!) MAIN PROVISIONS: Article 231 – “WAR GUILT CLAUSE” GERMAN REPARATIONS for Allied damages (132 billion Marks) German DE-MILITARIZATION ALSACE and LORAIN returned to France (1871) EASTERN GERMANY given to a new Polish state
LEGACY OF WWI New Countries and Old Ones… OLD EMPIRES COLLAPSE, NEW NATIONS EMERGE!