Presentation on theme: "The End of the War. Armistice On November 11, 1918, Germany agreed to cease-fire and signed the armistice, or truce, that ended the war."— Presentation transcript:
The End of the War
Armistice On November 11, 1918, Germany agreed to cease-fire and signed the armistice, or truce, that ended the war
Final Toll 22 million people died from the war, more than half of which were civilians 20 million people wounded 10 million refugees U.S. lost 48,000 men in battle and 62,000 to disease
Wilson’s Plan Wilson’s had a plan for world peace: Fourteen Points With your group, read your assigned points and restate them in modern words. Write your words in the board.
Fourteen Points First points designed to prevent another war Next points dealt with boundary changes The last point called for the creation of a League of Nations
League of Nations An international organization to address diplomatic crises like those that had sparked the war Forum for nations to discuss and settle their grievances without war
Allied Response to Wilson’s Plan The Allies rejected Wilson’s Fourteen Points Allied leaders met to consider the Treaty of Versailles instead of Wilson’s points
Treaty of Versailles Allied leaders met in 1919 to discuss treaty Germany and Russia weren’t invited Nine new nations were established and other boundaries were shifted Germany was prohibited from having an army and had to pay war reparations to the Allies League of Nations would be created
Weaknesses of the Treaty War-guilt clause forced Germany to admit sole responsibility for starting the war Debt for Germany: $33 billion in reparations Russia lost territory Ignored colonized people who asked for self- determination
U.S. Debates League of Nations Why would anyone oppose the creation of the League of Nations?
U.S. Debates League of Nations Opponents, led by Henry Cabot Lodge, believed that the League threatened the U.S. policy of isolationism. Isolationists wanted to stay out of foreign disputes (remain isolated) The U.S. never joined the League! Discuss with your table. When should the U.S. become involved in foreign wars? When should the U.S. practice isolationism?