Presentation on theme: "Ms. Tanaka John Ehret HS Marrero, LA Ms. Tanaka John Ehret HS Marrero, LA."— Presentation transcript:
Ms. Tanaka John Ehret HS Marrero, LA Ms. Tanaka John Ehret HS Marrero, LA
1.What military strategy made the war drag on? 2.What ended trench warfare? 3.What was the Bolshevik Revolution? 4.How did the Bolshevik Revolution help or hurt the Allied Forces’ war effort?* *Note: Allied Forces = Britain, France, U.S.
President Woodrow Wilson believed that the goal of WWI was PEACE and FREEDOM, not imperialism and acquisitions. Morality GreedGG G GREED
The Fourteen Points: A speech that Wilson gave outlining America’s war aims, which Wilson claimed were to promote openness, independence, and freedom in the world. He encouraged “Peace Without Victory,” or a peace inspired by NOBLE IDEALS, not greed and vengeance.He encouraged “Peace Without Victory,” or a peace inspired by NOBLE IDEALS, not greed and vengeance.
Definition: The right of people to choose their own government. Definition: An alliance between nations to secure “mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike” Specifically, Wilson wanted 2 things:
But there was disagreement! Wilson only invited Democrats to the Paris Peace Conference, which angered Republicans. January 1918 The meeting where all of the nations involved in the war discussed what the outcome of the war should be. *Notable Players: Britain, France, & America – Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia were NOT ALLOWED.
Statistics 1.3 million American soldiers served 50,000+ American soldiers died 230,000 American soldiers wounded 5 million Allied soldiers died 8 million Central Power soldiers died 6.5 million civilians died
Ruins of the Hotel de Ville (town hall) – Arras, France What level of destruction does this picture indicate? What are some emotions evoked when viewing this image? Why is it significant that the town hall was destroyed? Can you envision what these buildings and towns may have looked like before the war? How long do you think it would take to rebuild these buildings and communities? How much do you think it would cost?
How might France's goals for postwar settlement be different from the goals of the United States? What would France probably want with respect to Germany? Why? Would those desires be reasonable? Why or why not?How might France's goals for postwar settlement be different from the goals of the United States? What would France probably want with respect to Germany? Why? Would those desires be reasonable? Why or why not? After the War
Wilson’s idealism gets quashed at the Paris Peace Conference. The British and French leaders knew that their citizens expected peace AND victory.The British and French leaders knew that their citizens expected peace AND victory.
Major areas of concern: France Revenge on Germany Secure French boarders by permanently weakening Germany Britain Maintain strongest navy Keep colonial empire Make German military weak, but strong economy for good trade United States Lasting peace Improve trade access
The other Allied leaders at the peace conference insisted that Germany make payments for war damages. Partially to weaken Germany so it would never threaten Europe again!Partially to weaken Germany so it would never threaten Europe again!
“The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.” The clause in the Treaty of Versailles that assigns all blame to Germany.
Outcomes The League of Nations does get incorporated into the final TreatyThe League of Nations does get incorporated into the final Treaty The U.S. Senate rejects the Versailles Treaty because of infighting between Democrats and Republicans.The U.S. Senate rejects the Versailles Treaty because of infighting between Democrats and Republicans.
1.In a 3-5 sentence paragraph, explain HOW and WHY America’s goals were different from the goals of other leaders at the Paris Peace Conference. 2. What do you think might be some consequences of the Treaty of Versailles? Why? Use key terms.