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POWERPOINT 22 Over There and Over Here: The Impact of World War I, 1914 - 1921.

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Presentation on theme: "POWERPOINT 22 Over There and Over Here: The Impact of World War I, 1914 - 1921."— Presentation transcript:

1 POWERPOINT 22 Over There and Over Here: The Impact of World War I, 1914 - 1921

2 Staying Neutral in a World Conflict In mid-term elections, Republicans pick up seats but Democrats maintain control Neutrality is hard to maintain with many Americans choosing sides Germany’s actions turn America toward Britain Lusitania Arabic Americans debate their nation’s role in world affairs and the country’s preparedness League to Enforce Peace

3 Europe Goes to War

4 Social Change During the Period of Neutrality Birth of a Nation Guinn v. United States Great Migration Blacks lured by defense jobs, face discrimination Motion pictures become part of U.S. society Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford Sexual attitudes undergo change Divorce rate rises Flappers Margaret Sanger

5 The Persistence of Reform Wilson increases support for reforms as 1916 election looms Louis Brandeis 1916 brings tensions from Europe and Mexico Sussex Pledge Pancho Villa John J. Pershing Wilson re-elected in 1916 “He Kept Us Out of War”

6 March of Woman Suffrage. ©2004 Wadsworth, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. Thomson Learning ™ is a trademark used herein under license.

7 Election of 1916 ©2004 Wadsworth, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. Thomson Learning ™ is a trademark used herein under license.

8 The 1916 Presidential Election Wilson calls on Europeans to achieve “Peace Without Victory” America enters the war German resumes of unrestricted warfare (1917) Zimmerman Telegraph Russian Revolution 3 American ships sank in March Congress declares war on Germany, April 6, 1917

9 A Nation at War U.S. hopes to send aid, but not troops Numerous casualties Selective Service Act is passed U.S. increases army and navy American Expeditionary Force Admiral William Simms Taxes and Liberty Bonds sales finance war Herbert Hoover and the Lever Act Farms prices increased Prohibition becomes law amidst war

10 Managing a Wartime Economy Federal government forms business-government partnership to manage war and keep Americans behind war effort War Industries Board National War Labor Board Racial tensions increase, but African Americans supported war effort Women fill jobs in defense industries Wilson supports laws that curtail rights Espionage Act Trading with the Enemy Act Alien Act Animosity toward German Americans increases

11 Road to Victory Communist Revolution pulled Russia out of war Allies, reinforced by Americans, held Chateau-Thiery and Belleau Woods In 1918, Americans went on the offensive Wilson’s Fourteen Points Germany agreed to surrender on fourteen points Wilson alienated Republicans during war Republicans gain control of Congress in 1918 Paris Peace Conference David Lloyd George Georges Clemenceau

12 American Participation on the Western Front ©2004 Wadsworth, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. Thomson Learning ™ is a trademark used herein under license.

13 Road to Victory (cont.’d) Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Bolsheviks Terms of Treaty of Versailles harsh for Germans Wilson is unhappy, but gives in to obtain League of Nations Republicans unwilling to support Treaty as presented President tours country to gain support for treaty Suffers massive stroke Wilson’s obstinately refuses compromise Senate does not pass Treaty of Versailles

14 Europe After the Peace Conference, 1920

15 Europe and the Near East After the First World War

16 From War to Peace Adjusting to peace is difficult, with labor unrest, inflation, and influenza Progressivism declines after woman suffrage and prohibition become law 18 th and 19 th Amendments Racial violence and a Red Scare contribute to unrest Warren G. Harding wins 1920 election Normalcy Web

17 Discussion Questions Why did the United States announce a policy of neutrality at the start of the war? What difficulties did this cause for the U.S. before entry into the war? What factors led the U. S. to declare war on Germany? Was our involvement avoidable? Analyze Wilson’s Fourteen Points. How was it different than the Treaty of Versailles? What effect did the war have on the civil rights of women and minorities in America?


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