Bullying in Schools Nashua’s Response Pupil Safety and Violence Protection Act RSA 193-F Nashua BOE Policy JICK
RSA 193-F Purpose & Intent All students have the right to attend schools that are safe, secure & peaceful environments Protect children from physical, emotional & psychological violence Address bullying AND cyberbullying in schools
Includes actions motivated by… Race Color Religion National origin Sexual orientation Social economic status Age
Includes actions motivated by… Physical, mental, or learning disability Gender Gender identity & expression Obesity Other physical characteristics Association with any person identified in any of these categories
Definitions - Bullying can be: A single significant incident or a pattern of incidents involving written, verbal or electronic communication A pattern of incidents involving physical acts or gestures Or any combination
If these acts… Physically harm a pupil or damage a pupil’s property Cause emotional distress to a pupil Interfere with a pupil’s educational opportunities Create a hostile educational environment Substantially disrupt the orderly operation of the school
Bullying shall include Actions motivated by an imbalance of power, based on perceived or actual characteristics, behaviors or beliefs OR Motivated by the pupil’s relationship with another person
Cyberbullying Conduct previously defined undertaken through the use of electronic devices
Cyberbullying It is important to remember to remind parents to: Print text messages received Save and print any internet forms of communication received
RSA 193-F requires a policy that includes Fourteen (14) specific steps including a statement: Prohibiting bullying Protecting against retaliation That ALL students are protected Of consequences Of a clear reporting procedure
RSA 193-F requires a policy that includes Fourteen (14) specific steps including a statement: Of a clear reporting process for parents of victims and perpetrators of an alleged incident An investigation procedure A reporting of the investigation outcome(s) and remedies and assistance (to parents) Who is responsible
RSA 193-F requires a policy that includes Fourteen (14) specific steps including a statement: Each local BOE must adopt a Bullying Policy by January 1, 2011. All public school staff and volunteers must be trained by April 1, 2011.
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Definitions Bullying is defined as A single significant incident or a pattern of incidents involving written, verbal or electronic communication A pattern of incidents involving physical acts or gestures Or any combination
Nashua BOE Policy JICK COVERS ANY ACT THAT: Occurs on Or is delivered to school property
Nashua BOE Policy JICK AND ALSO COVERS ANY CONDUCT THAT Occurs at a school-sponsored activity or event Or outside a school-sponsored event Or off school property
Nashua BOE Policy JICK IF THE CONDUCT Interferes with a pupil’s educational opportunity Or Or substantially disrupts the orderly operation of the school
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Telephones Cellular phones Computers Pagers Electronic mail Instant messaging Text messaging Cyberbullying – Conduct undertaken through the use of electronic devices includes but not limited to:
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Prohibits False Reporting Consequences range from positive behavioral interventions up to and including suspension or expulsion
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Prohibits Reprisal or Retaliation Consequences up to and including suspension or expulsion
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Reporting Procedure Principal or designee is responsible for receiving & responding to reports All reports go to principal or ANY school employee All school employees MUST inform the principal or designee ASAP but no later than the end of the day
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Reporting Procedure Pupils, parents, volunteers and visitors may report anonymously Principal or designee shall commence an investigation upon receipt of a report
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Notifying Parents Victim’s AND perpetrator’s parents MUST be notified of a report within 48 hours By telephone, writing, e-mail or conference Superintendent may grant waiver
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Investigation Procedures & Timeline Five (5) school days to initiate investigation Ten (10) school days to complete the investigation Interview victim, alleged perpetrator & witnesses Superintendent may grant seven (7) day extension of investigation
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Investigation Procedures & Timeline If at the end of the year use calendar days for timeline Substantiated incidents documented in pupil records of perpetrator & victim If behavior is criminal, the principal shall notify local law enforcement Parents notified of results of investigation within two (2) days of conclusion
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Response/Remediation Plan Substantiated bullying may result in punishment Consequences will be varied according to the nature of the behavior, the developmental age of the pupil & the pupil’s history
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Response/Remediation Plan Consequences could include early intervention measures, alternative dispute resolution, conflict resolution, written apology, community service, transfer to another school, counseling as well as discipline up to and including suspension and/or expulsion.
Nashua BOE Policy JICK Right of Appeal (Non-disciplinary remedial actions) Within five (5) days to Superintendent Superintendent must respond within ten (10) days Within ten (10) more days to the Board of Education Board informs parents of right to appeal to New Hampshire State Board of Education
Is it bullying? Mean Looks Intimidating looks, posture, words Negative Statements Stares/ glaring Name Calling Mocking Gestures Unwanted Touch QuarrelingHittingSwearingRacial Slurs Stalking Identity Theft Negative Websites Sexual Comments ExclusionNegative Text Messages Boys being Boys “On accident” Girls being Girls Just fooling around Impersonating someone Put Downs Horseplay ThreatsHarassmentAssaultLaughingMean words Nasty pictures
What is bullying? It: Is learned behavior IS NOT prewired, harmless, inevitable Will spread if ignored, supported, or promoted Can be controlled or prevented
Who are the models? Family – Parents, siblings and other adult care givers School – Teachers, Principals, Peers Community – Adults at church or temple, scouts, coaches, police officers, etc. Media models – sports figures, “news”, politics, TV, magazines, movies, music, toys, video games, etc.
Did the people who hurt you focus on any issues? From: The Youth Voice Project 2010 Stan Davis & Charisse Nixon, Ph.D.