Presentation on theme: "BELLWORK What was the Selective Service Act? What is a liberty bond? Why did people plant victory gardens? What was the Sedition Act of 1918? "— Presentation transcript:
BELLWORK What was the Selective Service Act? What is a liberty bond? Why did people plant victory gardens? What was the Sedition Act of 1918? THINKER: How did people feel about German immigrants during WWI? In today’s society, do you think people change their views of foreigners during wartime?
The End of the War British blockade was starving Germany British began using tanks American convoy system shut down U-boat attacks American troops continued to advance, not giving Germans time to regroup
U.S. Convoy System A convoy is a group of vehicles (usually motor vehicles or ships) traveling together for mutual support and protection. Often, a convoy is organized with armed defensive support.
Ending the War The Central Powers began to collapse under constant Allied attacks. Germany’s allies, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire made peace with the Allied Powers. Separate states began declaring their independence from Austria-Hungary.
End of WWI Germany surrenders - November 11, 1918 Germany’s leader steps down and establishes a provisional government
End of WWI Extremely high death toll.
President Wilson Strives for Peace Fourteen Points: plan for post-war European Peace. Called for an end to alliances League of Nations: worldwide organization aimed at ensuring security and peace for all its members. Both were eventually rejected.
Wilson’s Fourteen Points (1) The first main theme of Wilson's Fourteen Points was the granting of national independence to all the 'oppressed peoples!'. In practice this involved the following points. (a) Impartial adjustment of colonial claims: the settlement of colonial problems with reference to the interests of colonial peoples (point five); (b) Germany's surrender of her past conquests: Evacuation by the Germans of all Russian territory (point six). Evacuation by the Germans of all Belgian territory (point seven). Evacuation by the Germans of Alsace-Lorraine (the French territory) (point eight). (c) The dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Turkish Empire and the granting of independence to all the oppressed nationalities: Italian frontier to extend northward to recover some land from Austria- Hungary (point nine). Autonomous development for the people of Austria-Hungary (point ten). Rumania, Serbia and Montenegro to be independent (point eleven). Peoples under Turkish rule to be autonomous (point twelve). An independent Poland (point thirteen). Mutual guarantees of political independence (point fourteen)
Treaty of Versailles At the Paris Peace Conference in January 1919, the Allied leaders signed the Versailles Treaty. Germany signed the “War Guilt Clause” requiring them to take blame for the war Germany must reduce their military It demanded reparations, or payment for economic injury suffered during the war. It also created nine new countries out of the former Russian, German, and Austro- Hungarian territories.
CLOSURE What is a convoy system? How did this help in ending WWI? What events led to the end of WWI? What was Wilson’s Fourteen Points? What was the Treaty of Versailles? Do YOU think Germany should have been involved in creating the treaty? Explain!
End of WWI & Change in Map You will now read more about specific regulations within Wilson’s Fourteen Points and the Treaty of Versailles. Read pages and complete the graphic organizer. When you are finished, do the map worksheet on the other side. This will teach you about the alliances and post-WWI countries. FOLLOW EXACT DIRECTIONS!!!
WWI CAUSE & EFFECT To review everything that happened in WWI, you are going to create a cause & effect chart. Do this on a blank sheet of paper. Make sure to name AND describe each event. This will be considered your WWI quiz You may use your notes and book