Presentation on theme: "Murdena Marshall. Murdena Marshall - she was one of the Elders with whom Cathy Martin spoke in her film, Mi’kmaq Family -she is a grandmother, a designated."— Presentation transcript:
Murdena Marshall - she was one of the Elders with whom Cathy Martin spoke in her film, Mi’kmaq Family -she is a grandmother, a designated Prayer Leader to the Santewi Mawio’mi (Grand Council), and an Associate Professor of Mi’kmaq Studies at UCCB
-Murdena is from Eskasoni First Nation and is recognized within her own nation, across Canada, and internationally for her knowledge of the Mi’kmaq language, culture and spirituality -She tells the Lessons of the Cycles of Life
Lessons of the Cycles of Life -during one’s lifetime, new concepts will be introduced to help one understand life -Elders have introduced to the Mi'kmaw a gift to be taken care of, appreciated and cherished. This gift is the concept of the “Cycle of Life” -the “cycle” can only be completed if SEVEN VIRTUES are recognized, utilized and embraced by each individual
The VIRTUES are: 1. interdependent of each other 2. acquired in chronological order 3.found in the Mi'kmaq code of ethics They are: 1. LOVE 2. HONESTY 3.HUMILITY 4. RESPECT 5.TRUTH 6.PATIENCE AND AFTER ATAINING THESE SIX YOU ACQUIRE 7. WISDOM (which is attained when you’re recognized as an Elder.)
Lessons Mi’kmaq perspective and evaluation of all Creation is NOT LINEAR –Principles of life are seen in cycles…each of which must be contemplated before one can enter another one –An Elder explains this process using TEARS as a tool to explain his meaning –He used four seven-year periods to explain that life makes a significant change every seven years. –In each period, different modes of character building are used.
Period 1: Birth to Age 7 During this time, tears are worth very little as they are abundant and easily acquired Reasons for tears generally for physical pain Emotions have little bearing here: ex. Falling, wanting something, demanding attention
Period 2: Seven Years to Fourteen Period where one’s tears are not so free. They have taken more importance. New reasons for shedding tears as emotions become stronger and more important Emotional pain is being recognized in this cycle Grieving is given a special status at this time One begins to develop skills for counseling One is now able to distinguish between physical and emotional pain
Period 3: Fourteen to Twenty-One In this cycle new meaning is given to emotional pain One can now make a distinction between different emotions Tears are reserved for sadness, grief, loneliness and disappointment Physical pain is recognized, but tears do not usually accompany it At this time, on is exposed to feelings of shyness, embarrasment and empowerment, therefore these will control the flow of tears
Period 4: Twenty-One to Twenty-Eight This is the important cycle. It is the doorway to the ultimate virtue, wisdom. It is where one's skills learned through experience will be utilized One will appreciate the different elements of well-being This is the cycle where one’s spirit life is recognized and accepted. In this cycle, one will have welcomed the good in him, but only after when one has recognized his weakness. If one can face his weaknesses, one will be able to strengthen his goodness. If this is accomplished, then the evil will always be overtaken by the good.