Presentation on theme: "WILSONS FOURTEEN POINTS AND THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS"— Presentation transcript:
1WILSONS FOURTEEN POINTS AND THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
2During the First World War several world leaders such as Woodrow Wilson and Jan Smuts, began advocating the need for an international organization to preserve peace and settle disputes by arbitration. In September, 1916, Robert Cecil, a member of the British government, wrote a memorandum where he argued that civilisation could survive only if it could develop an international system that would insure peace.
3When peace negotiations began in October 1918,Woodrow Wilson insisted that his fourteen points should serve as a basis for the signing of the armistice .This included the league of nations.
4The fourteen points On 8th January 1918 Wilson presented his peace Programme to congress.The fourteen points included ---1.Renouncing secret treaties2.Freedom of seas3.Removal of worldwide trade barriers.4.The advocation of arms reductions5.International arbitration of all colonial disputes.6-14 were concerned with specific territorial problems.
6The League formally came into Existence on 10th January 1920.Its headquarters were in Geneva.Its two main aims were peace throughCollective security and internationalCo-operation to solve economic andSocial problems.It was the predecessor of the UnitedNations.
7Organisation of the league The Assembly---Every league member had one voteIt met annually.The council----It met three times a year and containedfour permanent members,Britain FranceItaly and Japan.The Secretariat– looked after the paperwork.The Permanent Court of International JusticeConsisted of 15 judges and madedecisions on international diputes.
8Commissions----Set up to deal with specific problems Like refugees ,minorities,health ,drugs ,slavery etc.
9Weaknesses with the League. The American senate rejected the treaty of Versailles.Wilson was defeated in a presidential election andAmerica did not join the league.Russia and Germany were not allowed to join.Decisions taken had to be unanimous.The league had no army of its own.
10Successes Between 1921 and 1926 the League was involved in The settlement of several potentially dangerousDisputes between nations.Germany was finally accepted as a full member in1926.Representatives from different countries were able toMeet and become friends.