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Chapter Fourteen Individuals Who are Gifted and Talented.

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1 Chapter Fourteen Individuals Who are Gifted and Talented

2 2 Defining Giftedness

3 3

4 4 Assessing Giftedness and Talent Multiple areas of assessment: Strengths Strengths Interests Interests Leadership Leadership Intellectual ability Intellectual ability Academic achievement Academic achievement Creativity Creativity

5 5 Differences Among Children Who are Gifted and Talented Intellectual ability Intellectual ability Talent category Talent category Learning opportunities Learning opportunities

6 6 Theoretical Distribution of Intelligence

7 7 Brief History of the Field First Half of the Twentieth-Century First Half of the Twentieth-Century –Pioneering The 1950s s The 1950s s –Establishing foundations The 1980s s The 1980s s –The field matures and provides focus for school reform The Twenty-First Century The Twenty-First Century –Challenges

8 8 Gardener’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences

9 9 Gardener’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences (continued)

10 10 Prevalence of Giftedness and Talent Prevalence varies across states due to variations in state definitions Prevalence varies across states due to variations in state definitions Approximately 3 to 5 percent of school- aged children; some professionals believe that 10 to 15 percent is more accurate Approximately 3 to 5 percent of school- aged children; some professionals believe that 10 to 15 percent is more accurate 3 million American children are gifted and talented (National Association for Gifted Children, 2007) 3 million American children are gifted and talented (National Association for Gifted Children, 2007)

11 11 Etiology of Giftedness and Talent Nature vs. nurture argument Nature vs. nurture argument (environment vs. heredity) Intelligence is no longer believed to be fixed at birth Intelligence is no longer believed to be fixed at birth Physical and chemical changes when the brain is stimulated or challenged Physical and chemical changes when the brain is stimulated or challenged

12 12 Characteristics of Individuals Who are Gifted and Talented

13 13 Characteristics of Individuals Who are Gifted and Talented (continued)

14 14 Characteristics of Individuals Who are Gifted and Talented (continued)

15 15 Suggestions for the Classroom Differentiation Differentiation Curriculum compacting Curriculum compacting Higher-level thinking and problem solving Higher-level thinking and problem solving Flexible grouping Flexible grouping Cluster grouping Cluster grouping Tiered assignments Tiered assignments Problem-based learning Problem-based learning Accelerated pacing of instruction Accelerated pacing of instruction

16 16 Service Delivery Options for Students Who are Gifted or Talented

17 17 Services for Young Children Who are Gifted and Talented Early experiences Early experiences Identification difficulties Identification difficulties Lack of federal legislation Lack of federal legislation

18 18 Characteristics of Young Talented Children

19 19 Adolescents and Adults Who are Gifted and Talented Adolescent need to “fit in” Adolescent need to “fit in” Personality attributes: desire to achieve, persistence, curiosity and openness to new experiences Personality attributes: desire to achieve, persistence, curiosity and openness to new experiences Educational considerations Educational considerations MENSA MENSA

20 20 Characteristics of Families of Children Who are Gifted

21 21 Issues of Diversity Twice exceptional learners Twice exceptional learners Girls who are gifted learners Girls who are gifted learners Identifying and serving children from diverse backgrounds Identifying and serving children from diverse backgrounds Cultural characteristics associated with giftedness Cultural characteristics associated with giftedness

22 22 A Profile of Gifted Females

23 23 Suggestions for Teaching Culturally Diverse Students Who are Gifted

24 24 Technology and Individuals Who are Gifted and Talented Access to the internet provides: –Knowledge –Resources –Access to mentors –Distance learning –Social interaction with other gifted individuals –Learning experiences

25 25 Trends, Issues, and Controversies Striving for world-class standards Striving for world-class standards Equity and excellence Equity and excellence Full inclusion Full inclusion Services focus on the gifted students instead of the gifted program Services focus on the gifted students instead of the gifted program Talent development Talent development


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