Presentation on theme: "Collecting a BANCO DE MEXICO Small Notes Series Denomination Set as engraved by the American Bank Note Company."— Presentation transcript:
1Collecting a BANCO DE MEXICO Small Notes Series Denomination Set as engraved by the American Bank Note Company
2Mexican Banknotes Values Unlike obsolete US Currency which has never been demonetized, Mexican Banknotes from past eras are literally no longer worth the paper they’re written on, but some have numismatic value depending on their rarity. The series dates of the examples in this program indicate that most are fairly common and still are very inexpensive even in Gem CU condition. And there’s the beauty of it. So much history, culture and artistry for very little cost.
3Founding of the Bank of Mexico While the idea of creating a federalized Mexican Banking System had been broached as far back as 1857, the realization of this concept did not occur until On August 29 of that year El Banco de Mexico S.A. (“Sociedad Anonima”, meaning ‘incorporated’) opened for business with sufficient gold reserves to support a capitalization of 100 million pesos.
4El Banco de Mexico and the American Banknote Company Since its inception the Bank of Mexico is the only agency to issue Mexican paper money for all the various states that make up the United States of Mexico.The role of the American Banknote Company went beyond printing just United States currency. It also made banknotes for several foreign countries including Mexico going back to the late 19 century. The ABNC produced artistic portraits and scenic vistas (i.e., vignettes) relative to the period of issue for the private, state and eventually the federal Bank of Mexico continuing well into the 1970’s.
6The earlier large size Mexican federal currency is expensive today but the small notes which began with the 1936 issues are much more affordable.Originally there were supposed to be ten denominations of federal Mexican banknotes placed in circulation; one of them being a Series Pesos note in the large size format but while some specimen notes exist and are pricey today, these were never released. The denominations that were issued were the 1 Peso, 5 Pesos 10, 20, 50, 100, 1,000 and 10,000 pesos and all are collectible in Gem CU from the late 1950’s through the 1978 series.
7The One Peso BanknoteThe face of the 1 Peso note shows the Aztec Calendar.The Issue displays the exact day each series went into effect.This note represents Series November 8, 1961Three signatures appear on these banknotes.
8The Aztec calendar was arranged in two formats; agricultural and ritual. The former was a 365 days cycle based on the sun and the latter was a day cycle of 20 days representing a month consisting of a 260 day year with the combination of both representing a 52 year ”century”.
9The Back of the 1 Peso note Shown at center is the Independence Monument.This appears on several Mexican banknotes.
11The face of the 5 Pesos note shows what appears to be a Gypsy woman The 5 Pesos BanknoteThe face of the 5 Pesos note shows what appears to be a Gypsy womanfestooned in jewelry.
12Who was the woman on the 5 Peso note? Rumors suggest that the womanOn the 5 Pesos note was GloriaFaure, a Catalonian entertainerwho was an active performer in1925. She may have been themistress of the Finance Minister,Alberto J. Pani and even that of then Gloria FaureMexican President Plutarco Elias Calles.In actuality, the engraving was based on RobertSavage’s “Ideal Head of an Algerian girl” in 1910.
13The back of the 5 Pesos Note The back displays the same Independence Monument as on the 1 Peso note.
14Both sides of the 5 Pesos note This note represents Series May 20, 1959
15The 10 Pesos BanknoteA Tehuana woman is shown on the 10 pesos note but there is a story behind this as well.
16Who was the woman portrayed on the 10 Pesos note? The woman has been identified as Miss Estella Ruiz Velaquez who was a beauty queen posing in a traditional Tehuana outfit in She was a school teacher by profession, idolized for a time by her fans but never married. She died penniless at the age of 92 in 2004.
17The back of the 10 Pesos note The back of the 10 Pesos note depictsthe road to Guanajuato in 1828
18Both sides of the 10 pesos note Series date January 25, 1961
19Frida Kahlo, Mexico’s greatest female artist in 1944 sitting beside her self portrait as a Tehuana woman.
20The 20 Pesos Banknote The woman portrayed on the 20 Pesos note was Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez(AKA “La Corregidora”)
21Who was Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez? Josefa Ortiz ( ) was orphaned in infancy but as a daughter of an army captain who died in battle was given an excellent education in a prestigious school, later rising to prominence as an intellectual thinker and benefactor. In 1791 she wed Miguel Dominguez who became the magistrate in the city of Querétaro; thus becoming “La Corregidora”. Sympathetic to the Independence movement, she was able to warn Father Miguel Hildago, leader of the insurgency in that the Spanish officials were preparing to round up their arms and all the rebels living in the area. She was betrayed, then arrested and spent the next eleven years confined in a strictly run convent before being released after independence was won in Today “La Corregidora” is honored as “the heroine of Mexico.”
22The back of the 20 pesos note The back features theCourtyard of the Federal Palace.
23Both sides of the 20 Pesos Banknote Series of May 10, 1967
24Ignacio de Allende appears on the face The 50 Pesos BanknoteIgnacio de Allende appears on the faceOf the 50 Pesos Banknote
25Who was Ignacio Allende? Ignacio José de Allende y Unzaga ( ) was a Captain in the Spanish Army but became sympathetic to the Independence Movement, attending secret meetings arranged by Josefa Ortiz de Dominguez. He succeeded Hildago after his death but was himself captured in Chihuahua and executed by Spanish authorities there,
26The Back of the 50 Pesos note The back of the 50 Pesos note again features the Independence Monument
27Both sides of the 50 Pesos note Series July 22,1970
28The Face of the 100 Pesos Note Michael Hildago, father of the Mexican Independence Movement
29Hidalgo is regarded as the Father of the Mexican War of Independence but from whom? Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla ( ) was a father as a Priest who also fathered two daughters out of wedlock and later came to be known as the father of his country. With the help of Captain Ignacio Allende, he built up a peasant army of over 100,000 and won several victories over Loyalist Spanish forces before finally being betrayed, captured, and executed. Ironically, he initially intended to get rid of the Spanish forces in Mexico loyal to Napoleon Bonaparte and not the deposed Spanish King Ferdinand VII.
30The back of the 100 Pesos Note The featured vignette is a depiction ofthe Pesos gold coin.
31Both sides of the 100 Pesos note Series - February 17, 1965
32The 500 Pesos Banknote The front of the 500 Pesos features the portrait of José Morales
33Morales was another hero of the Mexican War of Independence José Maria Morelos ( ) an ordained Priest since the age of 33, decided to join Hidalgo’s Independence movement becoming an active leader and tactician of the Rebel forces. After the death of Hidalgo he rose to the rank of Generalissimo, winning several strategic battles. He also made a number of liberal reforms before being captured in 1915, tried and shot.
34The back of the 500 Pesos note The large building on the 500 Pesos noteis the Palace of Mining
35The Actual Palace of Mining The palace of mining is an masterful example of Neoclassic architecture. Situated in Mexico City, it was built in The sketch dates from 1840.
36Both sides of the 500 Pesos note Series January 18, 1978
38What is a Specimen Note?A specimen note is essentially a trial example of a new design or modification of an existing design type. As such it is not intended for circulation. There are no signatures or serial numbers above zeroes and most are holed in three places as shown. At the time, I was unable to find a 500 Pesos except for this Specimen note shown on the previous slide.
40Cuauhtémoc appears on the 1,000 Pesos The 1,000 Pesos BanknoteCuauhtémoc appears on the 1,000 Pesos
41Who was Cuauhtémoc?Cuauhtémoc (Falling Eagle) ) was only 18 when he became the Aztec ruler in 1520 and He fought bravely despite the overwhelming military technology of Cortez’s men and was defeated. Cortez respected him as a brave warrior but some of the conquistador's advisors wanted Cortez to execute him which occurred after extended torture in 1525.
42The back of the 1,000 PesosThe back shows the famed Chichenitza Pyramid located not very far from Cancun.
43Both sides of the 1,000 Pesos Series date - Feb. 18, 1977
44The face of the 10,000 Pesos Banknote Matias Romero appears on the 10,000 Pesos, Mexico’s highest denomination.This is a specimen note.
45Who was Matias Romero?Matias Romero Avendano ( ) had an extensive career as Mexico’s Finance Minister and served as Secretary of the Treasury in the Mexican government three times. He also served as a major diplomat to the United States meeting with Abraham Lincoln, U.S. Grant and members of the McKinley administration. He was a supporter of liberal causes for the Mexican people throughout his life. He died while in New York City in 1898.
46The back of the 10,000 Pesos note The back features Mexico’s National Palace.
47The National Palace, located on the Plaza of the Constitution on the main square in Mexico City.
49Cost factor compared with Obsolete US Notes Unlike obsolete US notes, large or small size which still retain their face value, many foreign currencies have demonetized their bank notes due to inflation or merely a change in design type. If many of these have already been printed prior to the new issue, the unused now worthless obsoletes will flood the numismatic market driving down the cost to the collector. As a result a complete Gem CU set of Mexican small size note should average no more than $5.00 per note except for the Specimen trial notes which saw limited production.