Hijrah Reasons of Hijrah: – Persecution – Limited spread of Islam in Mecca – Spread of Islam in Yathrib – Protection promised in Yathrib for Islam – Establishing the first independent Muslim Community/State –فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم للمسلمين : ( إني أريت دار هجرتكم ، ذات نخل بين لابتين ). البخاري – Al-Bukhari: Allah's Apostle was still in Mecca and he said to his companions, "Your place of emigration has been shown to me. I have seen salty land, planted with date-palms and situated between two mountains which are the two Harras."
Hijrah The First Immigrants to Yathrib: – Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr مصعب بن عمير – Abdullah bin Um Maktoom عبد الله بن أم مكتوم – Abu Salamah أبو سلمة – ‘Aamer bin Rabi’ah عامر بن ربيعة – Abduaalh bin Jahsh عبد الله بن جحش
Hijrah Quraysh tried to prevent Muslims from leaving: – To contain Islam within Mecca – To keep control on the spread of Islam – To prevent the threat of forming a Muslim State – To preserve the tribal system, against faith-based allegiance – The potential threat to their Northern trade rout passing by Yathrib to Syria
Hijrah Quraysh tried to prevent Muslims from leaving: – Placing pressure on families by separating them. Family of Abu Salamah – Kidnapping, imprisonment and torture ‘Ayyash bin Abi Rabi’ah Hisham bin Al-’As – Confiscating wealth and property Suhaib bin Sinan
Hijrah Receiving houses of Ansar: – Qiba’: Banu Amr bin ‘Awf Omar bin Al-Khattab and others – Banu An-Najjar (Sa’d bin Zurarah) Hamzah, Uthman, and others Single men with Sa’d bin Khayshamah – Banu Abdel-Ash-hal (Sa’d bin Mu’adh) Mus’ab bin ‘Umayr