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National States Geographic Information Council ASPRS – Tampa May 2007 Imagery for the Nation.

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Presentation on theme: "National States Geographic Information Council ASPRS – Tampa May 2007 Imagery for the Nation."— Presentation transcript:

1 National States Geographic Information Council ASPRS – Tampa May 2007 Imagery for the Nation

2 National States Geographic Information Council How Imagery for the Nation Began September 2004 at NSGIC Annual Conference in Austin TexasSeptember 2004 at NSGIC Annual Conference in Austin Texas Presentation by Ted Koch, NSGIC’s representative to the NDOP CommitteePresentation by Ted Koch, NSGIC’s representative to the NDOP Committee NSGIC established a committee to research program costs and make a recommendation at its September 2005 Conference in Rochester, New YorkNSGIC established a committee to research program costs and make a recommendation at its September 2005 Conference in Rochester, New York Developed a marketing brochureDeveloped a marketing brochure

3 National States Geographic Information Council What is Imagery for the Nation? Organized effort to acquire imagery over the entire USOrganized effort to acquire imagery over the entire US Multi-Resolution (6”, 1’, 1-meter)Multi-Resolution (6”, 1’, 1-meter) Repeat cycles of 3 to 5 yearsRepeat cycles of 3 to 5 years Imagery stays in public domainImagery stays in public domain Consistent national standards (image type/quality & security concerns)Consistent national standards (image type/quality & security concerns) States can manage part of the program through development of business plansStates can manage part of the program through development of business plans Federal government funds programFederal government funds program

4 National States Geographic Information Council Imagery for the Nation meets the majority of local, state and Federal needs One Meter GSD

5 National States Geographic Information Council Imagery for the Nation meets the majority of local, state and Federal needs One Foot GSD

6 National States Geographic Information Council Imagery for the Nation meets the majority of local, state and Federal needs Six Inch GSD 50% cost share in Urbanized Areas with populations >50,000 and more than 1,000 people per square mile

7 National States Geographic Information Council Buy-Up Options Vary according to product typeVary according to product type –Color Infrared –Increased Frequency –Increased Footprint –Increased Horizontal Accuracy –Sampling to Lower Resolutions –Increased Resolution (6” to 3” and 1’ to 6”) –Improved Elevation Data Products –Remove Building Lean (“True Ortho”)

8 National States Geographic Information Council Want More Information? This document will be updated after any major modifications to the program are agreed to.

9 National States Geographic Information Council NSGIC Conducted a National Survey Imagery for the Nation Included input on survey questions from other stakeholdersIncluded input on survey questions from other stakeholders Survey open for approximately 3 months April through July 2006Survey open for approximately 3 months April through July 2006 Advertised principally through NSGIC, URISA, & ArcNews.Advertised principally through NSGIC, URISA, & ArcNews Respondents1887 Respondents Designed to “get a pulse” on local and state government with regard to IFTN and it was positiveDesigned to “get a pulse” on local and state government with regard to IFTN and it was positive See the full results in the companion PowerPoint tm presentation on the survey results that is located on the NSGIC web pageSee the full results in the companion PowerPoint tm presentation on the survey results that is located on the NSGIC web page

10 National States Geographic Information Council Results of a National Survey Imagery for the Nation Proposal Final Results Compiled by NSGIC (Version 2.0) September 12, 2006

11 National States Geographic Information Council Who were the Respondents? “Local” Government Regional State Federal Private Mapping/GIS County City Academia # Respondents for this question: 1,887Single Answer Only

12 National States Geographic Information Council Top 20 Functions of Respondents Respondents were allowed to select more than one function. # Respondents for this question: 1,873 Multiple Answers Allowed

13 National States Geographic Information Council Geographic relationship to IFTN West of Mississippi East of Mississippi # Respondents for this question: 1,887Single Answer Only

14 National States Geographic Information Council Development Intensity for Local Government Highly Urbanized Urban Suburban Rural Agri. Other # Respondents for this question: 870Single Answer Only

15 National States Geographic Information Council Sources of Imagery – All Respondents Public Domain Licensed Imagery Contract for New Imagery Create Imagery within Organization # Respondents for this question: 1,842Multiple Answers Allowed

16 National States Geographic Information Council Public Domain Licensed Imagery Contract for New Imagery Sources of Imagery - Local Government # Respondents for this question: 870Multiple Answers Allowed Create Imagery within Organization

17 National States Geographic Information Council Public Domain Licensed ImageryContract for New Imagery Sources of Imagery - State Government # Respondents for this question: 336Multiple Answers Allowed Create Imagery within Organization

18 National States Geographic Information Council Sources of Imagery Observations 1.Local Government is more likely to contract for new imagery and less dependent on public domain sources than state government 2.State Government is more likely to acquire and process imagery “in-house” than local government 3.The entire group of respondents, including Federal, Tribal, private, academic, and public are more dependent on Public Domain and Licensed sources of imagery All Respondents Local Government State Government Public DomainLicensed ImageryContract for New Imagery 1 2 3

19 National States Geographic Information Council Average annual expenditure on imagery – All Respondents # Respondents for this question: 1,307Single Answer Only This represents an average annual expenditure of $97,387, for all survey respondents

20 National States Geographic Information Council Average annual expenditure on imagery – Local Government # Respondents for this question: 678Single Answer Only This represents an average annual expenditure of $36,437, or 37% of the total for all respondents NOTE: There are 3,141 counties and over 18,000 municipal governments in the USA. We reached 888 representatives of local government (~4%) and 76% responded to this question.

21 National States Geographic Information Council Average annual expenditure on imagery – State Government # Respondents for this question: 205Single Answer Only This represents an average annual expenditure of $25,750, or 26% of the total for all respondents

22 National States Geographic Information Council Will the Imagery for the Nation Proposal meet your needs? - All Respondents No Not Sure Yes with Buy-ups Yes Standard Products X # Respondents for this question: 1,887Single Answer Only There were no consistent trends in the “Other” answers.

23 National States Geographic Information Council Regional Acceptance of Products Standard Products Buy-Ups No Not Sure There are no significant differences between Eastern and Western respondents with regard to acceptance of the program. Respondents in Alaska are less certain that the program will meet their needs.

24 National States Geographic Information Council Urbanized vs. Rural Acceptance Standard Products Buy-Ups No Not Sure Rural areas are less likely to exercise the buy-up options and more likely to use standard products.

25 National States Geographic Information Council No Not Sure Yes with Buy-ups Yes Standard Products X Will the Imagery for the Nation Proposal meet your needs? - Local Government # Respondents for this question: 888Single Answer Only

26 National States Geographic Information Council No Not Sure Yes with Buy-ups Yes Standard Products X Will the Imagery for the Nation Proposal meet your needs? - State Government # Respondents for this question: 345Single Answer Only

27 National States Geographic Information Council What “Buy-Up” options will you fund? – All Respondents Improved Horizontal Accuracy > Frequency Increased Pixel Resolution Higher Resolution DEM True Ortho 4-Band CIR > Footprint # Respondents for this question: 1,313Multiple Answers Allowed

28 National States Geographic Information Council Improved Horizontal Accuracy > Frequency Increased Pixel Resolution Higher Resolution DEM True Ortho 4-Band CIR > Footprint What “Buy-Up” options will you fund? – Local Government # Respondents for this question: 671Multiple Answers Allowed

29 National States Geographic Information Council Improved Horizontal Accuracy > Frequency Increased Pixel Resolution Higher Resolution DEM True Ortho 4-Band CIR > Footprint What “Buy-Up” options will you fund? – State Government # Respondents for this question: 224Multiple Answers Allowed

30 National States Geographic Information Council Observations 1.Surprisingly, State government showed a greater interest about increased frequency of acquisition. 2.As expected, Local government showed a greater interest in True Ortho production to remove building “lean” in their imagery. 3.State government showed a surprising interest in sampling high resolution products. 4.State government showed a significantly greater interest in 4-Band, CIR, and improved elevation products. All Respondents Local Government State Government Comparison of Buy-Up Options Improved Horizontal Accuracy > Frequency Increased Pixel Resolution Higher Resolution DEM True Ortho 4-BandCIR > Footprint

31 National States Geographic Information Council Most Popular Responses to “Other” for Buy-Up Options Exercising the Buy-Up Options is dependant on cost of optionsExercising the Buy-Up Options is dependant on cost of options Want Leaf-Off ProductsWant Leaf-Off Products Want Oblique ImageryWant Oblique Imagery Want PlanimetricsWant Planimetrics Need Increased Vertical AccuracyNeed Increased Vertical Accuracy # Respondents for this question: 1,31388 Free Text Answers for “Other” National States Geographic Information Council Desired Additional Buy-Up Options# of Respondents

32 National States Geographic Information Council What is the age of your current imagery ? - All Respondents # Respondents for this question: 1,834Single Answer Only 85 respondents commented using the “Other” choice. Most indicated that they used multiple image sources that were acquired over many years.

33 National States Geographic Information Council What is the age of your current imagery ? - Local Government # Respondents for this question: 871Single Answer Only Note the differences in the age of imagery used by Local government and State government (next slide)

34 National States Geographic Information Council What is the age of your current imagery ? - State Government # Respondents for this question: 337Single Answer Only

35 National States Geographic Information Council Your current imagery type by Pixel Size - All Respondents # Respondents for this question: 1,561Multiple Answers Allowed

36 National States Geographic Information Council Your current imagery by Leaf On/Off Status - All Respondents # Respondents for this question: 1,561Multiple Answers Allowed The shift between leaf-on and leaf-off at ~ 1-meter and greater resolutions appears to be related to NAIP Imagery and its availability in the public domain.

37 National States Geographic Information Council Your current imagery by Source All Respondents These are invalid answers # Respondents for this question: 1,561Multiple Answers Allowed Commercial satellites do not offer the ground resolutions noted below.

38 National States Geographic Information Council Your current imagery by % Cloud Cover - All Respondents These are highly suspect answers # Respondents for this question: 1,561Multiple Answers Allowed It is highly unlikely that aerial imagery at the resolutions noted below would be acquired with any cloud cover.

39 National States Geographic Information Council Your current imagery by its format All Respondents # Respondents for this question: 1,561Multiple Answers Allowed

40 National States Geographic Information Council Final Thoughts of Respondents The respondents were asked to make a value judgment about the IFTN Proposal through the final question - “What do you think of the Imagery for the Nation Proposal? (Optional)”The respondents were asked to make a value judgment about the IFTN Proposal through the final question - “What do you think of the Imagery for the Nation Proposal? (Optional)” Each answer was determined to be “positive,” “neutral,” or “negativeEach answer was determined to be “positive,” “neutral,” or “negative See the results and sample comments in the following 4 slidesSee the results and sample comments in the following 4 slides # Respondents for this question: 1,025 Responses EvaluatedFree Text Answers

41 National States Geographic Information Council 79% Positive Comments79% Positive Comments Examples of positive comments:Examples of positive comments: –“As a representative in the Oil and Gas Industry, I think the nation wide Imagery proposal is a great advancement for the country. We have holdings in several different states and to have access to imagery in all of those areas will be an asset to the company.” –“I think it is imperative to have this. I am a Detective and Crime Scene Technician with the Sheriff's Office. I have used this tool to assist my investigative package for trial purposes. I can not stress enough how valuable this can be in a criminal trial. Thank you for the opportunity to share my views.” –“Excellent” –“I think it is a great idea that should have come sooner” What do you think of the IFTN Proposal?

42 National States Geographic Information Council What do you think of the IFTN Proposal? 17% Neutral Comments17% Neutral Comments Examples of neutral comments:Examples of neutral comments: –“A good start” –“It seems like a very interesting proposal.” –“If image quality & accuracy meet our standards, I would be very interested in the product.” –“I think you will find that some areas that are fast developing areas will require photography more often then once every three years. Another factor will be the turn around time from when the photography is flown to when it is available to the customer.” Please Note: Comments were determined to be neutral if they pondered about provisions of the program, did not specifically endorse or reject IFTN, or were esoteric discussions on related or unrelated points.

43 National States Geographic Information Council 4% Negative Comments4% Negative Comments Examples of negative comments:Examples of negative comments: –“Great concept. Necessary concept. Very poorly managed in the typical top down fashion we are use to seeing from this group. Also can not answer question 12 because it is based on pixel size and not negative scale or digital equivalent. An example of the misunderstanding common to IFTN” –“Current and readily available imagery would be very beneficial in a business sense. However, I don't believe that it is something that taxpayers should fund.” –“Waste of government money. There are more significant, vital needs than imagery that is not that good. This sounds like and feels like a scam put together by orthoimagery folks and companies who will keep their jobs from such a product. Sounds like a good product but it walks like a duck, sounds like a duck and is a duck!” What do you think of the IFTN Proposal?

44 National States Geographic Information Council For Special ConsiderationFor Special Consideration Examples of ResponsesExamples of Responses –“ It is a great proposal except it is very unfair to western states!!!” –“Great idea! This is where data acquisition should be headed: region-wide with many participants. Would be nice to have the 1' image cover more of the western united states (less population density or more control for flying population centers within the areas as a option.)” What do you think of the IFTN Proposal?

45 National States Geographic Information Council How Imagery for the Nation is Proceeding Widespread acceptanceWidespread acceptance Asked to present program to FGDC Steering Committee in October 2005Asked to present program to FGDC Steering Committee in October 2005 FGDC Steering Committee showed continued interest and appointed an Executive Committee to review funding options (DHS, Commerce, OMB, Interior, Agriculture)FGDC Steering Committee showed continued interest and appointed an Executive Committee to review funding options (DHS, Commerce, OMB, Interior, Agriculture)

46 National States Geographic Information Council USDA and USGS Conduct Cost Benefit Analysis Study Beginning in October 2006, the U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of Agriculture are jointly funding a comprehensive Cost Benefit AnalysisBeginning in October 2006, the U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of Agriculture are jointly funding a comprehensive Cost Benefit Analysis The draft results are due in March of 2007 and final deliverables are due in June 2007The draft results are due in March of 2007 and final deliverables are due in June 2007 Goal is to Develop a comprehensive Imagery for the Nation (IFTN) Business Case that accurately communicates program goals, objectives, benefits, and other value propositions.Goal is to Develop a comprehensive Imagery for the Nation (IFTN) Business Case that accurately communicates program goals, objectives, benefits, and other value propositions.

47 National States Geographic Information Council Cost Benefit Analysis What is being done? Conduct an analysis of identified program alternativesConduct an analysis of identified program alternatives Apply USDA, USGS & OMB A-94 Standards for Cost- Benefit AnalysisApply USDA, USGS & OMB A-94 Standards for Cost- Benefit Analysis Define IFTN alternatives and “The Way Ahead”Define IFTN alternatives and “The Way Ahead” Articulate IFTN value propositions to internal and external customers, and other stakeholdersArticulate IFTN value propositions to internal and external customers, and other stakeholders Develop a comprehensive report detailing financial metrics and other costs and benefitsDevelop a comprehensive report detailing financial metrics and other costs and benefits

48 National States Geographic Information Council What is being done (continued) Determine the distribution of benefits among stakeholder groups and calculate the accrual rate of expected benefitsDetermine the distribution of benefits among stakeholder groups and calculate the accrual rate of expected benefits Verify the cost assumptions and show whether the costs of acquiring one meter imagery yearly and higher resolution imagery on a three year cycle will increase or decrease over timeVerify the cost assumptions and show whether the costs of acquiring one meter imagery yearly and higher resolution imagery on a three year cycle will increase or decrease over time Assess the risks associated with moving from existing programs to a consolidated national program and whether all user needs would be metAssess the risks associated with moving from existing programs to a consolidated national program and whether all user needs would be met Conduct the CBA in conformance with Federal Capital Planning and Investment Control (CPIC) GuidanceConduct the CBA in conformance with Federal Capital Planning and Investment Control (CPIC) Guidance

49 National States Geographic Information Council For more information on the Imagery for the Nation Proposal, please see: For specific information on this survey, please contact the following individuals: Bill Burgess, NSGIC Washington Liaison Ted Koch, Wisconsin State Cartographer

50 National States Geographic Information Council


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